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What are the three major heat zones of earth?

Last Updated : 04 Jan, 2024
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Major Heat Zones of Earth: The Frigid Zone, Temperate Zone, and Torrid Zone are three different types of heat zones that are present on the surface of the Earth. The Torrid Zone is just one of the hottest of different zones since it is situated closest to the equator. Next, it is the temperate zone can be broken into two zones along either side of the Torrid Zone and has certain temperatures in the ranges from warm to cool. The Frigid zones seem to be one of the coldest places, which are usually covered with ice.

Major Heat Zones of Earth

Geographers divide the earth in different ways. One of the main ways to divide the Earth is to divide it into bands that run parallel to the equator. These different bands help to explain the climate of the region on Earth. The Heat zones of the Earth can be defined as the different zones found on our planet, where the sun’s rays hit at different angles. Due to the different heat absorption, different climates occur in these zones. Our planet Earth has three heat zones which are as follows :

  • Frigid Zone
  • Temperate Zone
  • Torrid Zone
Three Heat Zones of Earth

Three Heat Zones of Earth

Frigid Zone

The word ‘Frigid’ meaning is cold. The frigid zone is the region which is located between Arctic Circle (66½°N) and the North Pole in the Northern Hemisphere, and between  Antarctic Circle (66½°S) and the South Pole in the Southern Hemisphere. This zone receives a very less amount of sun rays therefore the temperature in this zone is very low and the climate is very cold. The frigid zone is also known as the Polar Region. 

Every month Polar Regions have a temperature of less than 10°C. Regions with polar climates cover more than 20% of the Earth’s area. In the Arctic, the average January temperatures range from about -40° to 0°C, and winter temperatures can drop below -50°C. And the climate of Antarctica is the coldest on Earth. Antarctica has the lowest temperature ever recorded: -89.2°C at Vostok Station.

Temperate Zone

The temperate zone lies between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle of the Northern Hemisphere, Capricorn, and the Arctic Circle. This zone has less sunlight than the tropics. This area receives the oblique rays of the sun. These zones are neither too hot nor too cold. It experiences a wide range of temperatures and precipitation where four different seasons are common which are: spring, summer, autumn, and winter. Temperate zones have the most suitable climate as it does not experience the wide variations of some of the more extreme climates. The average temperature in this zone lies between 0° to 20°C. The minimum and maximum temperatures recorded in this zone are -40°C and +40°C respectively.

Torrid Zone

This zone lies between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, so it is the zone on the surface of the Earth that receives the greatest amount of heat. This region receives direct sunlight and vertical rays of the sun all year round. This zone receives the maximum amount of heat from the sun. This zone is also known as the tropical zone. 

Related Links

  1. Interior of Earth
  2. Composition of Earth’s atmosphere
  3. Earth as a unique planet

FAQs on Major Heat Zones of Earth

What is Earth’s heat zone?

Heat zones of earth include the torrid zone, the temperate zone and the frigid zone.

Which of the following is the hottest zone of the earth?

The hottest zone of the earth is known as Torrid Zone.

What are the three heat zones of the earth?

The three heat zones of the earth include the frigid zone, the temperate zone and the torrid zone.

What is a heat zone?

Heat zones refer to the different zones of the earth, where the sun’s rays falls in different ways, hence this causes different climate patterns.

What is called Torrid Zone?

Torrid Zone refers to one of the largest thermal zone and has been located between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.

What is called Frigid Zone?

Frigid Zone refers to the area between arctic circle and north pole or between antarctic circle and south pole.

What is the difference between Torrid Zone and Temperate Zone?

The region lying under the Torrid zone is the warmest area on earth compared to the temperate zones. The Torrid Zone is between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, and the Temperate Zone is between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle, between the North Temperate Zone and the South Temperate Zone. Tropic of Capricorn and Tropic of Cancer.


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