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What are the Relief Features of India?

Last Updated : 02 Jun, 2023
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India is a topographically rich and different country. It is bordered by the young fold mountains in the northwestern, northern, and northeastern parts, the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west, and the Indian Ocean in the South. the Our nation has every one of the highlights that one anticipates from a country. It has deserts, beachfront regions, mountains, and levels. So indeed, these are the actual topography highlights of our country.

Relief features of India

Relief features of India

Indian Relief Features 

The Great Himalayas 

The Himalayas are a group of geologically young and structurally fold mountains that extend past the northernmost limits of India. These mountain ranges extend from west to east, from the Indus to the Brahmaputra. The tallest mountain range in the world is the Great or Inner Himalayas, commonly referred to as the Himadri. The tallest peaks reach an average height of 6,000 meters, making them the longest range. It includes every significant Himalayan peak.

There is a mountain range known as the Inner Himalayas that is also known as the Central Himalayas and Himadri. The shape of the Great Himalayan folds is asymmetrical. The main rock in this Himalayan area is granite. This mountain, which is covered in snow all the time, has several glaciers that flow out of it. With an average width of around 25 kilometers and an average elevation of 6,100 meters above sea level. Granites and gneisses make up the majority of the structure, on top of which are metamorphosed sediments (limestone). 

Indo – Gangetic plain

The vast Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as North Indian Plain, is located in the north-central part of the Indian subcontinent and extends westward to the Indus River basin, encompassing the combined delta of the Brahmaputra and Ganges rivers. The region is home to the wealthiest and most densely populated portions of the subcontinent. The three main rivers and their tributaries deposited alluvial material, which makes up the majority of the plain. In the winter, the eastern half of the plain has modest rains or a drought, but in the summer, rainfall is so intense that large regions turn into swamps or small lakes. In the west, where it includes the Thar (Great Indian) Desert, the plain gets progressively dryer.

The Peninsular Plateau 

The Peninsular level is a tableland comprised of translucent, volcanic, and transformative rocks. It was delivered by the separation and floating of the Gondwana mainland, making it the most established expanse of land in the world. Pinnacles, block mountains, fracture valleys, spikes, uncovered rough arrangements, series of hummocky slopes, and wall-like quartzite dykes are a portion of the district’s key physiographic qualities, which give regular water stockpiling destinations.

The Peninsular level is a tableland comprised of old translucent, volcanic, and transformative rocks. It was created because of the separation and floating of the Gondwana mainland, making it quite possibly the most established expanse of land. The level has enormous and shallow valleys as well as adjusted slopes. This level is partitioned into two segments: the Central Highlands and the Deccan Plateau.

Eastern and Western Ghats

The Deccan Plateau divides India’s two mountain ranges, the Western and Eastern Ghats. India’s east coast is bordered by the Eastern Ghats, while the west coast is bounded by the Western Ghats. Both ranges are well-liked tourist sites and are home to numerous plant and animal species. We shall contrast the two mountain ranges in this post and go through their distinctive characteristics.

Along India’s eastern coast, there is a disjointed mountain range known as the Eastern Ghats. They extend eastward to Andhra Pradesh from the southernmost point of the Bay of Bengal in the south to central Odisha in the north. The Eastern Ghats make up for their lack of height and continuity by being far longer than the Western Ghats. Along India’s western coast, a mountain range known as the Western Ghats may be found. It encompasses a region of around 160,000 square kilometers and extends from Kerala in the south to Gujarat in the north. Several national parks and animal refuges, including the renowned Kaziranga National Park in Assam, are located within the range.

The Coastal Plains

The beachfront fields of India lie on the two sides of peninsular India. The eastern beachfront fields of India are along the Arabian Sea and the western waterfront fields of India are along the Bay of Bengal. The eastern beachfront fields stretch out from West Bengal toward the southernmost place of Kanyakumari and the western waterfront fields reach out from the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat toward the southernmost mark of Kanyakumari.

As it is clear the beachfront fields of India meet at the peninsular tip of Kanyakumari, additionally the southernmost tip of the Indian central area. The beachfront fields of India are in the middle between the long-range mountain ranges and the water bodies on each side. The eastern beachfront fields in the middle between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal and the western waterfront fields exist between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea.

The Great Indian Desert 

Otherwise called the Great Indian Desert, this bone-dry district covers around 92,200 square miles and is the seventh biggest desert on the planet. The name Thar has significance, a term for the sand edges normally for this desert. Around 10% of the desert of Thar contains sand ridges, while the rest are steep rocks, salt lake beds, and glades. In spite of the fact that it borders the Indus toward the west, Thar is a dry subtropical zone in light of the fact that the storms that convey the downpour to the remainder of India sidestep this district. The district has outrageous temperatures going from freezing in winter to drifting intensity of more than 122 degrees Fahrenheit in summer.

The Islands

An island gathering can be made sense of as a tremendous island bunch. It can likewise be portrayed as an island chain that can be seen in a water body. In India, one can find two significant island gatherings. In this manner, there are two island bunches in India of which one can be seen in the Bay of Bengal and the other one can be seen in the Arabian Sea. These gatherings of islands incorporate Andaman and Nicobar Islands as well as Lakshadweep Island. One can track down Lakshadweep Island in the Arabian Sea though the Andaman and Nicobar Islands can be tracked down in the Bay of Bengal.

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands can be portrayed as relatively greater and with a bigger number of islands. These islands can be described as being wealthy with regard to biodiversity. The environment of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands can be made sense of as tropical in nature with different atmospheric conditions which can be seen during various seasons. The Lakshadweep Islands can be portrayed as having fauna and vegetation in overflow. These islands involve a gathering of 36 islands which are well known for their extraordinary sea shores and vegetation.

Related Links

  1. Northern plains have diverse relief features
  2. Physical features of India

FAQs on Relief Features

Q 1. What are relief features?


Relief features refer to the characteristics which are related to the landscape of specific areas.

Q 2. What are the relief features of the world?


The relief features of the world include mountains, basins, plateaus, ridges, canyons and also trenches which lie beneath ocean water.

Q 3. How many types of major relief features can be seen in India?


The major relief features in India include mountains, plateaus, plains, and islands.

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