Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

What are the features of east and west flowing rivers of Peninsular plateau?

View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article
  • Last Updated : 16 Aug, 2022
View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article

The peninsula drainage system precedes the Himalayan drainage system. This is evident in the maturity of the wide, large, stepped flat valleys and rivers. The Western Ghats, which run near the west coast, serves as a basin between the major peninsular rivers that flow into the Bay of Bengal and the small streams that flow into the Arabian Sea. With the exception of the Narmada and Tapi rivers, most of the major rivers on the peninsula flow from west to east. 

The peninsula drainage system is prior to the Himalayan drainage system. This is evident in the maturity of the wide, large, stepped flat valleys and rivers. The Western Ghats, which run near the west coast, serves as a basin between the major peninsular rivers that flow into the Bay of Bengal and the small streams that flow into the Arabian Sea. With the exception of the Narmada and Tapi rivers, most of the major rivers on the peninsula flow from west to east. The Chambal, Sind, Betwa, Ken, and Son rivers, which rise in the northern part of the peninsula, belong to the Ganges river basin. The other major river systems on the peninsula are the Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri rivers. Rivers on the peninsula are characterized by stable streams, meandering, non-permanent streams of water. The exceptions are the Narmada and Tapi rivers that flow through the Lift Valley.

An important comparison of the peninsula rivers that flow to the east and the peninsula rivers that flow to the west

  • The peninsula rivers that flow to the east flow into the Bay of Bengal. The river west of the peninsula flows into the Arabian Sea. 
  • The river on the peninsula that flows to the east is longer than the river that flows to the west. 
  • The two major peninsular rivers to the west are the Narmada and Tapi rivers. The main peninsular rivers that flow east are Godavari, Krishna, Mahanadi, and kaveri. 
  • West-flowing rivers such as the Narmada and Tapi rivers form the estuary. The rivers that flow east of the peninsula form a delta.

Some key points about rivers on the peninsula flowing east and west 

Godavari – Rivers on the peninsula flowing east

  • The longest river on the Indian Peninsula is the Godabari River. 
  • The Godavari River is also known as Dakshinganga. 
  • The length of the Godavari River is 1500 km. 
  • The Godavari River flows to Maharashtra in the Nasik district on the slopes of the Western Ghats. 
  • The Godavari River flows eastward into the Bay of Bengal. 
  • The Godavari River basin is located in Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra. About 50% of the Godavari River basin is in Maharashtra. 
  • The main tributaries of the Godavari River are the Penganga, Wainganga and Pranhita rivers.

Narmada and Tapi Rivers-River flowing west 

  • The Narmada River originates in Madhya Pradesh in the Amarkantak Hills and flows west. 
  • The Narmada River basin is part of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. 
  • Some of the notable scenic spots created by the Narmada River are the “Duadar Falls” and “Marble Rocks” near Jabalpur. The tributary flows at right angles to the Narmada River, and the tributary of the Narmada River is very short. 
  • The Betul district of Madhya Pradesh in the Satpura Range is the headwaters of the Tapti River. 
  • The Tapi River is much shorter than the Narmada River. The areas of Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh cover the Tapti River basin.

Sample Questions

Question 1: Name the features of the Himalayan river. 

Answer: 

Most rivers in the Himalayas are perennials and carry water all year round.

Question 2: What is the Indus Waters Treaty? 

Answer: 

The  Indus Waters Treaty was signed in 1960. According to the regulations, India is only allowed to use 20 percent of all the water carried by the Indus River system.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!