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What are the differences between bitwise and logical AND operators in C/C++?
• Difficulty Level : Basic
• Last Updated : 02 Nov, 2020

A Bitwise And operator is represented as ‘&’ and a logical operator is represented as ‘&&’. The following are some basic differences between the two operators.

a) The logical and operator ‘&&’ expects its operands to be boolean expressions (either 1 or 0) and returns a boolean value.
The bitwise and operator ‘&’ work on Integral (short, int, unsigned, char, bool, unsigned char, long) values and return Integral value.

## C++14

 `#include``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `x = 3;  ``//...0011``    ``int` `y = 7;  ``//...0111` `    ``// A typical use of '&&'``    ``if` `(y > 1 && y > x)``      ``printf``(``"y is greater than 1 AND x\n"``);` `    ``// A typical use of '&'``    ``int` `z = x & y;   ``// 0011``   ` `    ``printf` `(``"z = %d"``, z);` `    ``return` `0;``}`
Output
```y is greater than 1 AND x
z = 3
```

b) If an integral value is used as an operand for ‘&&’ which is supposed to work on boolean values, the following rule is used in C.
…..Zero is considered as false and non-zero is considered as true.

For example in the following program x and y are considered as 1.

## C

 `#include``// Example that uses non-boolean expression as``// operand for '&&'``int` `main()``{``   ``int` `x = 2, y = 5;``   ``printf``(``"%d"``, x&&y);``   ``return` `0;``}`
Output
```1
```

It is compiler error to use the non-integral expression as operand for bitwise &. For example the following program shows compiler error.

## C

 `#include``// Example that uses non-integral expression as``// operator for '&'``int` `main()``{``   ``float` `x = 2.0, y = 5.0;``   ``printf``(``"%d"``, x&y);``   ``return` `0;``}`

Output:

```error: invalid operands to binary & (have 'float' and 'float')

```

c) The ‘&&’ operator doesn’t evaluate the second operand if the first operand becomes false. Similarly ‘||’ doesn’t evaluate the second operand when first operand becomes true. The bitwise ‘&’ and ‘|’ operators always evaluate their operands.

## C

 `#include``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `x = 0;` `    ``// 'Geeks in &&' is NOT``    ``// printed because x is 0``    ``printf``(``"%d\n"``, (x && ``printf``(``"Geeks in && "``)));` `    ``// 'Geeks in &' is  printed``    ``printf``(``"%d\n"``, (x & ``printf``(``"Geeks in & "``)));` `    ``return` `0;``}`
Output
```0
Geeks in & 0

```

The same differences are there between logical OR ‘||’ and bitwise OR ‘|’.

This article is contributed by Ujjwal Jain. Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.

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