Before diving into deep you have to know what are those things so Lumen is microservice and Laravel is a full-stack framework.
Lumen: It is a micro-framework created by Taylor Otwell, Lumen is a lighter, leaner, smaller and faster complete web application framework. Lumen framework is faster and lighter compare to Laravel it has a huge community. It has just less configuration and different parameters.
Laravel: It is a web application framework created by Taylor Otwell in 2011 and like all other modern frameworks, it also follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architectural pattern. Laravel values Elegance, Simplicity, and Readability and if one talks of building applications with PHP frameworks, Laravel is second to none.
Similarities between Laravel and Lumen:
|Laravel was licensed under MIT license.||Lumen was also licensed under MIT license.|
|Laravel used it’s own syntaxes.||Lumen used the Laravels’s syntaxes and easily can be upgraded into laravel.|
|Laravel supported the third party tools.||Lumen also supported third party tools but in lesser amount.|
|Laravel is developed by Taylor Otwell.||Lumen is also developed by Taylor Otwell.|
Differences between Laravel and Lumen:
|Laravel has a good documentation to work on and kick-off a new project.||Lumen ha no clear documentation but easy to use compare to Laravel.|
|Laravel is an MVC based full-stack web application framework which supports a lot of third-party tools like Spatie, Entrust, Socialite etc and frameworks.||Lumen is a micro framework, used to develop micro-services and API development in high speed and less time.|
|Laravel perfomance is very good with the SQL queries compare to Lumen. It can easily tuming there database from application level||Lumen declines the SQL queries cant perform tuining on databases, less featured comapre to Laravel.|
|Laravel is better for building RESTful APIs.||Lumen is better for building high perfoming micro framework API.|
|Laravel can handle event queuing and has a powerdul template.||Lumen can’t handle the event queuing and don’t have any powerfull template either.|
|Laravel has Symfony framework that can be used to create Symfony components.||Lumen don’t have Symfony framework so can’t create Symfony components.|
|Laravel has own command line interface.||Lumen is feature-rich micro framework.|
Conclusion: Both the Laravel and Lumen is perform well for modern mobile, web application. Laravel is preferable because of its large community and if you want to create RESTfull APIs the Laravel is more effective.