Given two sequences A, B, find out number of unique ways in sequence A, to form a subsequence of A that is identical to the sequence B. Transformation is meant by converting string A (by removing 0 or more characters) to string B.
Input : A = "abcccdf", B = "abccdf" Output : 3 Explanation : Three ways will be -> "ab.ccdf", "abc.cdf" & "abcc.df" . "." is where character is removed. Input : A = "aabba", B = "ab" Output : 4 Expalnation : Four ways will be -> "a.b..", "a..b.", ".ab.." & ".a.b." . "." is where characters are removed.
Asked in : Google
The idea to solve this problem is using Dynamic Programming. Construct a 2D DP matrix of m*n size, where m is size of string B and n is size of string A.
dp[i][j] gives the number of ways of transforming string A[0…j] to B[0…i].
- Case 1 : dp[j] = 1, since placing B = “” with any substring of A would have only 1 solution which is to delete all characters in A.
- Case 2 : when i > 0, dp[i][j] can be derived by two cases:
- Case 2.a : if B[i] != A[j], then the solution would be to ignore the character A[j] and align substring B[0..i] with A[0..(j-1)]. Therefore, dp[i][j] = dp[i][j-1].
- Case 2.b : if B[i] == A[j], then first we could have the solution in case a), but also we could match the characters B[i] and A[j] and place the rest of them (i.e. B[0..(i-1)] and A[0..(j-1)]. As a result, dp[i][j] = dp[i][j-1] + dp[i-1][j-1].
Time Complexity: O(n^2)
This article is contributed by Jatin Goyal. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to email@example.com. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.
- Reduce the string by removing K consecutive identical characters
- Minimum sum of squares of character counts in a given string after removing k characters
- Number of ways to remove a sub-string from S such that all remaining characters are same
- Removing row or column wise duplicates from matrix of characters
- Permutation of a string with maximum number of characters greater than its adjacent characters
- Min flips of continuous characters to make all characters same in a string
- String with k distinct characters and no same characters adjacent
- Removing punctuations from a given string
- Removing spaces from a string using Stringstream
- Modify string by removing vowels in between two consonants
- Balance a string after removing extra brackets
- Print reverse string after removing vowels
- Character replacement after removing duplicates from a string
- Print all possible ways to convert one string into another string | Edit-Distance
- Lexicographically smallest string formed by removing at most one character