Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Ways of iterating over a array in JavaScript.

View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article
  • Last Updated : 22 Nov, 2021

Arrays in Javascripts, are single variables used to store different kind of elements.
For example, a simple array accesses may something like this: 
 

javascript




<script>
array = [ 'geeks', '4', 'geeks' ];
 
// Accessing array elements one by one
console.log(array[0]);
console.log(array[1]);
console.log(array[2]);
</script>

Output: 
 

geeks
4
geeks

There are multiple ways one can iterate over an array in Javascript. The most useful ones are mentioned below.
Using for loop. 
This is similar to for loops in other languages like C/C++, Java, etc 
 

javascript




<script>
array = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ];
for (index = 0; index < array.length; index++) {
    console.log(array[index]);
}
</script>

Output: 
 

1
2
3
4
5
6

Using while loop. 
This is again similar to other languages. 
 

javascript




<script>
index = 0;
array = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ];
 
while (index < array.length) {
    console.log(array[index]);
    index++;
}</script>

Output: 
 

1
2
3
4
5
6

using forEach method. 
The forEach method calls the provided function once for every array element in the order. 
 

javascript




<script>
index = 0;
array = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ];
 
array.forEach(myFunction);
function myFunction(item, index)
{
    console.log(item);
}</script>

Output: 
 

1
2
3
4
5
6

Using every method. 
The every() method checks if all elements in an array pass a test (provided as a function). 
 

javascript




<script>
index = 0;
array = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ];
 
const under_five = x => x < 5;
 
if (array.every(under_five)) {
    console.log('All are less than 5');
}
else {
    console.log('At least one element is not less than 5');
}
</script>

Output: 
 

At least one element is not less than 5.

Using map. 
A map applies a function over every element and then returns the new array. 
 

javascript




<script>
index = 0;
array = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ];
 
square = x => Math.pow(x, 2);
squares = array.map(square);
console.log(array);
console.log(squares);</script>

Output: 
 

1 2 3 4 5 6 
1 4 9 16 25 36

Using Filter

It is used to filter values from an array and return the new filtered array

Javascript




<script>
 
array = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ];
 
even = x => x%2 === 0;
evens = array.filter(even);
console.log(array);
console.log(evens);
 
</script>

Output:

[ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ]
[ 2, 4, 6 ]

Using Reduce

It is used to reduce the array into one single value using some functional logic

Javascript




<script>
 
array = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ];
 
const helperSum = (acc,curr) => acc+curr
sum = array.reduce(helperSum, 0);
 
console.log(array)
console.log(sum);
 
</script>

Output:

[ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ]
21

Using Some

It is used to check whether some array values passes a test

Javascript




<script>
 
array = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ];
 
const lessthanFourCheck = (element) => element < 4 ;
const lessthanFour = array.some(lessthanFourCheck)
 
 
console.log(array);
if(lessthanFour){
    console.log("At least one element is less than 4" )
}else{
    console.log("All elements are greater than 4 ")
}
 
 
</script>

Output : 

[ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ]
At least one element is less than 4


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!