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variable === undefined vs. typeof variable === “undefined” in JavaScript

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 28 Oct, 2021

Undefined comes into a picture when any variable is defined already but not has been assigned any value. Undefined is not a keyword. A function can also be undefined when it doesn’t have the value returned. 
There are two ways to determine if a variable is not defined, Value and type. 


var geeks;
alert ( geeks === undefined)

It’s so clear that you assigned a variable that was not defined but the variable exists. Here you are comparing geeks variable with the global variable “undefined” which is undefined also. 

  1. Check by Value (Strict equality Operator): Here you will get that variable is assigned a value or not if the variable is not assigned a value it will display undefined.
  2. Check the type (Typeof operator): Here you will get what type of variable was that if there is no variable was assigned then it will display “undefined”.

Note The strict equality operator (===) doesn’t check whether the variable is null or not.The type of operator does not throw an error if the variable has not been declared.
Example: Here we assign two variable one is undefined and the other one is defined “null”, here null is not undefined when you put console.log it will show “null” if you check typeof then it will display object, below program will illustrate the approach more clearly. 


var firstName;
var lastName = null;
// Print: undefined       
// Print: null
// Print: undefined
console.log(typeof firstName);
// Print: object
console.log(typeof lastName); 
// Print: false
console.log(null === undefined)
if(firstName === undefined) {
        console.log('LastName is undefined');
     } else if(firstName === null){
        console.log('FirstName is null');





variable === undefined VS typeof variable === “undefined” 

variable === undefinedtypeof variable === “undefined”
Here the assigned variables don’t have any value but the variable exists.Here the type of variable is undefined.
If you assigned a value(var geeks === undefined ) it will show, if not it will also show undefined but in different meaning.Here the undefined is the typeof undefined.
In this, null will display if you assigned null to a variable, null is loosely equals to undefinedBut here typeof will show object.


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