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valarray shift() in C++

  • Last Updated : 23 Oct, 2018

The shift() function is defined in valarray header file. This function returns a new valarray of the same size with elements whose positions are shifted by n elements. If n is negative, right-shift is applied, if n is positive left-shift is applied.

Syntax:

valarray shift (int n) const;

Parameter: This method accepts a mandatory parameter n which represents the number of element to shift.

Returns: This function returns the new valarray after shifting elements.

Below programs illustrate the above function:



Example 1:-




// C++ program to demonstrate
// example of shift() function.
  
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
int main()
{
    // Initializing valarray
    valarray<int> varr = { 3, 2, 5, 4, 1 };
  
    // Declaring new valarray
    valarray<int> varr1;
  
    // using shift() to shift elements to left
    // shifts valarray by 3 position
    varr1 = varr.shift(3);
  
    // Displaying elements of valarray after shifting
    cout << "The new valarray after shifting is = ";
  
    for (int& x : varr1)
        cout << x << " ";
  
    cout << endl;
  
    return 0;
}
Output:
The new valarray after shifting is = 4 1 0 0 0

Example 2:-




// C++ program to demonstrate
// example of shift() function.
  
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
int main()
{
    // Initializing valarray
    valarray<int> varr = { 3, 2, 5, 4, 1 };
  
    // Declaring new valarray
    valarray<int> varr1;
  
    // using shift() to shift elements to right
    // shifts valarray by 2 position
    varr1 = varr.shift(-2);
  
    // Displaying elements of valarray after shifting
    cout << "The new valarray after shifting is = ";
  
    for (int& x : varr1)
        cout << x << " ";
  
    cout << endl;
  
    return 0;
}
Output:
The new valarray after shifting is = 0 0 3 2 5
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