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Utility Software
  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 03 Sep, 2018

What is utility software?
These software analyse and maintain a computer. These software are focused on how OS works on that basis it perform task to enable smooth functioning of computer. These software may come along with OS like windows defender, windows disk cleanup tool.
Antivirus, backup software, file manager, disk compression tool all are utility software.

Some of popular utility software are described below
Antivirus:It is used to protect a computer from the virus. It detects a virus and notify the user and take action to secure the computer. The virus are kept in different location called vault where it has different file system due to which virus effect it. User can itself instruct antivirus to delete malicious program, put it in vault or even ignore it. These days most come in GUI form.
The first antivirus program appeared in 1987 with the introduction of an antivirus program from G Data Software for the Atari ST. Later in the same year, VirusScan was introduced by John McAfee, which later became the McAfee antivirus program.
Examples: Windows Defender, AVG, AVAST, MCAFEE etc.

File Management Tool:
The software is used to manage files stored in a file system. It can be used to create, group file. Like Windows File Explorer is a file management tool.
File system (like FAT32, NTFS) should not be confused with File management tool former is a data structure used to store file in a OS while later is used to perform task on file stored in the file System.

Some example of File management Tool are:
File Manager in Windows.
macOS Finder.
Directory Opus.
Dolphin in KDE.

Compression Tool:
These tool are used to reduce the size of a file based on the selected algorithm.
Most operating systems include tools for compressing and uncompressing files.Linux has tools for both .tar.gz and .zip. Other compressed files, like .7z and .rar, require a third-party compression utility to be installed.



Some Examples are:
WinAce
WinZip
WinRAR
7-Zip
PKZIP

DISK MANAGEMENT TOOL:
Disk Management is utility first introduced in Window XP as a replacement of the fdisk command.It enables us to view or managed the disk drives installed in their computer and the partition associated with those drives.
Disk Management is used to managed the drives installed in a computer- like hard disk drives, and flash drives.It can be used to partition drives, assign drive letters and much more.
Some Disk Management tools are:-
• Mini Tool Partition Wizard
• Paragon Partition Manager
• EaseUS Partitin Master
• SMART Monitering Tools
• AOMEI Partition Assistant

DISK CLEANUP TOOL :
It is computer utility maintenance which is included in Microsoft Windows. It allows user to remove files that are no longer needed or that can be safely deleted. Removing unneccessary files, including temporary files, can help to improve the functioning and increase the free space of the computer. Running Disk Cleanup at least once a month is an excellent maintenance task.
Disk Cleanup tool can delete temporary internet files, old check disk files, compress old filesand offline webpages. Disk cleanup also allows you to empty the Recycle Bin, delete temporary files, and delete Thumbnails.
Some Disk Cleanup software are :-
• Iolo System mechanic
• IObit Advanced systemCare
• Piriform CCleaner
• Razer Cortex

DISK DEFRAGMENTER:
It is a utility in Microsoft Windows designed to increase access speed by rearranging file stored on a disk to ocuppy contiguous storage locations, a technique is called
Defragmentation.
Defragmenting a disk minimizes head travel, which reduces the time it takes to read files from and write files to the disk.
The defragmenter will search your harddrive partition and move data from one location to other location, so that the files stored there are one contiguous piece, istead of being throughout multiple locations on the harddrives partition.
Some Disk Defragmenter are:-
• Auslogics Disk Defrag
• MyDefrag
• Perfect disk
• Deflaggler

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