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# Update adjacent nodes if the current node is zero in a Singly Linked List

• Difficulty Level : Basic
• Last Updated : 12 Sep, 2022

Given a linked list. The task is to change the value of the previous and next node of a node to 0 if the current node is 0.

Examples:

```Input :  2->3->4->5->0->9->0->9->NULL
Output : 2->3->4->0->0->0->0->0->NULL

Input : 0->2->3->4->0->0->NULL
Output : 0->0->3->0->0->0->NULL```

Algorithm

1. First step is to create two pointers prev and curr
The prev will point to the previous node and curr to the current node. The reason for making use of prev is that we cannot backtrack in a singly linked list.
2. if the first node is 0 then check if the next node is 0
• If yes, then skip
• else change the next node to -1.
3. Start iterating through the nodes of the list.
• if the current node is 0 and the variable temp is 0 then
• set the previous node to -1.
• set the temp variable to 1.
• if the temp value is 1 and current node data is not 1 set the current node to -1
4. Repeat step 3 until end of the list is reached.
5. Traverse through the list and change the nodes with value -1 to 0.

Reason for making use of temp and -1 is that if we change the next node to 0 directly then this may lead to change the node after next node to 0 as a result of which the entire list may get changed to 0.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ program to update the adjacent``// nodes in a linked list` `#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// A linked list node``struct` `Node {``    ``int` `data;``    ``struct` `Node* next;``};` `// Utility function to create a new Node``Node* newNode(``int` `data)``{``    ``Node* temp = ``new` `Node;``    ``temp->data = data;``    ``temp->next = NULL;` `    ``return` `temp;``}` `// Function to display the linked list``void` `printList(Node* node)``{``    ``// iterate until end of the list is reached``    ``while` `(node != NULL) {``        ``cout << node->data << ``" "``;` `        ``node = node->next;``    ``}``}` `// Function to update the adjacent``// nodes to zero``void` `updateAdjacent(Node* head)``{``    ``// Pointer to point to``    ``// the previous node``    ``Node* prev = head;` `    ``// Pointer to the``    ``// current node``    ``Node* curr = head->next;` `    ``// If the first node is zero and the``    ``// second node is not zero then change``    ``// the value to -1``    ``if` `(prev->data == 0 && curr->data != 0)``        ``curr->data = -1;` `    ``// Temp variable to denote if the``    ``// current node is zero then the next``    ``// node will be changed to zero``    ``int` `temp = 0;` `    ``while` `(curr != NULL) {` `        ``// if the temp variable is 1 and``        ``// current data is not zero``        ``if` `(temp == 1 && curr->data != 0) {` `            ``// change the data to -1``            ``curr->data = -1;``            ``temp = 0;``        ``}` `        ``// if the data is zero``        ``if` `(curr->data == 0) {` `            ``// set the temp variable to 1``            ``temp = 1;` `            ``// set the previous node data to -1``            ``prev->data = -1;``        ``}` `        ``curr = curr->next;``        ``prev = prev->next;``    ``}` `    ``curr = head;` `    ``// change all the nodes with -1 to 0``    ``while` `(curr != NULL) {``        ``if` `(curr->data == -1)``            ``curr->data = 0;` `        ``curr = curr->next;``    ``}``}` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{``    ``// creating the linked list``    ``Node* head = newNode(2);``    ``head->next = newNode(3);``    ``head->next->next = newNode(4);``    ``head->next->next->next = newNode(5);``    ``head->next->next->next->next = newNode(0);``    ``head->next->next->next->next->next = newNode(9);``    ``head->next->next->next->next->next->next = newNode(0);``    ``head->next->next->next->next->next->next->next = newNode(9);` `    ``updateAdjacent(head);` `    ``printList(head);` `    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java program to update the adjacent``// nodes in a linked list``class` `GFG``{` `// A linked list node``static` `class` `Node``{``    ``int` `data;``    ``Node next;``}` `// Utility function to create a new Node``static` `Node newNode(``int` `data)``{``    ``Node temp = ``new` `Node();``    ``temp.data = data;``    ``temp.next = ``null``;` `    ``return` `temp;``}` `// Function to display the linked list``static` `void` `printList(Node node)``{``    ``// iterate until end of the list is reached``    ``while` `(node != ``null``)``    ``{``        ``System.out.print(node.data + ``" "``);` `        ``node = node.next;``    ``}``}` `// Function to update the adjacent``// nodes to zero``static` `void` `updateAdjacent(Node head)``{``    ``// Pointer to point to``    ``// the previous node``    ``Node prev = head;` `    ``// Pointer to the``    ``// current node``    ``Node curr = head.next;` `    ``// If the first node is zero and the``    ``// second node is not zero then change``    ``// the value to -1``    ``if` `(prev.data == ``0` `&& curr.data != ``0``)``        ``curr.data = -``1``;` `    ``// Temp variable to denote if the``    ``// current node is zero then the next``    ``// node will be changed to zero``    ``int` `temp = ``0``;` `    ``while` `(curr != ``null``)``    ``{` `        ``// if the temp variable is 1 and``        ``// current data is not zero``        ``if` `(temp == ``1` `&& curr.data != ``0``)``        ``{` `            ``// change the data to -1``            ``curr.data = -``1``;``            ``temp = ``0``;``        ``}` `        ``// if the data is zero``        ``if` `(curr.data == ``0``)``        ``{` `            ``// set the temp variable to 1``            ``temp = ``1``;` `            ``// set the previous node data to -1``            ``prev.data = -``1``;``        ``}` `        ``curr = curr.next;``        ``prev = prev.next;``    ``}` `    ``curr = head;` `    ``// change all the nodes with -1 to 0``    ``while` `(curr != ``null``)``    ``{``        ``if` `(curr.data == -``1``)``            ``curr.data = ``0``;` `        ``curr = curr.next;``    ``}``}` `// Driver code``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``{``    ``// creating the linked list``    ``Node head = newNode(``2``);``    ``head.next = newNode(``3``);``    ``head.next.next = newNode(``4``);``    ``head.next.next.next = newNode(``5``);``    ``head.next.next.next.next = newNode(``0``);``    ``head.next.next.next.next.next = newNode(``9``);``    ``head.next.next.next.next.next.next = newNode(``0``);``    ``head.next.next.next.next.next.next.next = newNode(``9``);` `    ``updateAdjacent(head);` `    ``printList(head);``}``}` `/* This code contributed by PrinciRaj1992 */`

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to update the adjacent``# nodes in a linked list` `# A linked list node``class` `Node:``    ` `    ``def` `__init__(``self``, data):``        ``self``.data ``=` `data``        ``self``.``next` `=` `None` `# Function to display the linked list``def` `printList(node):` `    ``# iterate until end of the``    ``# list is reached``    ``while` `node !``=` `None``:``        ``print``(node.data, end ``=` `" "``)` `        ``node ``=` `node.``next` `# Function to update the adjacent``# nodes to zero``def` `updateAdjacent(head):` `    ``# Pointer to point to``    ``# the previous node``    ``prev ``=` `head` `    ``# Pointer to the``    ``# current node``    ``curr ``=` `head.``next` `    ``# If the first node is zero and the``    ``# second node is not zero then change``    ``# the value to -1``    ``if` `prev.data ``=``=` `0` `and` `curr.data !``=` `0``:``        ``curr.data ``=` `-``1` `    ``# Temp variable to denote if the``    ``# current node is zero then the next``    ``# node will be changed to zero``    ``temp ``=` `0` `    ``while` `curr !``=` `None``:` `        ``# if the temp variable is 1 and``        ``# current data is not zero``        ``if` `temp ``=``=` `1` `and` `curr.data !``=` `0``:` `            ``# change the data to -1``            ``curr.data ``=` `-``1``            ``temp ``=` `0` `        ``# if the data is zero``        ``if` `curr.data ``=``=` `0``:` `            ``# set the temp variable to 1``            ``temp ``=` `1` `            ``# set the previous node data to -1``            ``prev.data ``=` `-``1``        ` `        ``curr ``=` `curr.``next``        ``prev ``=` `prev.``next``    ` `    ``curr ``=` `head` `    ``# change all the nodes with -1 to 0``    ``while` `curr !``=` `None``:``        ``if` `curr.data ``=``=` `-``1``:``            ``curr.data ``=` `0` `        ``curr ``=` `curr.``next``    ` `# Driver Code``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `"__main__"``:` `    ``# creating the linked list``    ``head ``=` `Node(``2``)``    ``head.``next` `=` `Node(``3``)``    ``head.``next``.``next` `=` `Node(``4``)``    ``head.``next``.``next``.``next` `=` `Node(``5``)``    ``head.``next``.``next``.``next``.``next` `=` `Node(``0``)``    ``head.``next``.``next``.``next``.``next``.``next` `=` `Node(``9``)``    ``head.``next``.``next``.``next``.``next``.``next``.``next` `=` `Node(``0``)``    ``head.``next``.``next``.``next``.``next``.``next``.``next``.``next` `=` `Node(``9``)` `    ``updateAdjacent(head)` `    ``printList(head)` `# This code is contributed by Rituraj Jain`

## C#

 `// C# program to update the adjacent``// nodes in a linked list``using` `System;` `class` `GFG``{` `// A linked list node``public` `class` `Node``{``    ``public` `int` `data;``    ``public` `Node next;``}` `// Utility function to create a new Node``static` `Node newNode(``int` `data)``{``    ``Node temp = ``new` `Node();``    ``temp.data = data;``    ``temp.next = ``null``;` `    ``return` `temp;``}` `// Function to display the linked list``static` `void` `printList(Node node)``{``    ``// iterate until end of the list is reached``    ``while` `(node != ``null``)``    ``{``        ``Console.Write(node.data + ``" "``);` `        ``node = node.next;``    ``}``}` `// Function to update the adjacent``// nodes to zero``static` `void` `updateAdjacent(Node head)``{``    ``// Pointer to point to``    ``// the previous node``    ``Node prev = head;` `    ``// Pointer to the``    ``// current node``    ``Node curr = head.next;` `    ``// If the first node is zero and the``    ``// second node is not zero then change``    ``// the value to -1``    ``if` `(prev.data == 0 && curr.data != 0)``        ``curr.data = -1;` `    ``// Temp variable to denote if the``    ``// current node is zero then the next``    ``// node will be changed to zero``    ``int` `temp = 0;` `    ``while` `(curr != ``null``)``    ``{` `        ``// if the temp variable is 1 and``        ``// current data is not zero``        ``if` `(temp == 1 && curr.data != 0)``        ``{` `            ``// change the data to -1``            ``curr.data = -1;``            ``temp = 0;``        ``}` `        ``// if the data is zero``        ``if` `(curr.data == 0)``        ``{` `            ``// set the temp variable to 1``            ``temp = 1;` `            ``// set the previous node data to -1``            ``prev.data = -1;``        ``}` `        ``curr = curr.next;``        ``prev = prev.next;``    ``}` `    ``curr = head;` `    ``// change all the nodes with -1 to 0``    ``while` `(curr != ``null``)``    ``{``        ``if` `(curr.data == -1)``            ``curr.data = 0;` `        ``curr = curr.next;``    ``}``}` `// Driver code``public` `static` `void` `Main(String[] args)``{``    ``// creating the linked list``    ``Node head = newNode(2);``    ``head.next = newNode(3);``    ``head.next.next = newNode(4);``    ``head.next.next.next = newNode(5);``    ``head.next.next.next.next = newNode(0);``    ``head.next.next.next.next.next = newNode(9);``    ``head.next.next.next.next.next.next = newNode(0);``    ``head.next.next.next.next.next.next.next = newNode(9);` `    ``updateAdjacent(head);` `    ``printList(head);``}``}` `// This code contributed by Rajput-Ji`

## Javascript

 ``

Output

`2 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 `

Time Complexity: O(n) where n is no of nodes in given linked list

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