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unordered_set emplace() function in C++ STL

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 28 Jun, 2022
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The unordered_set::emplace() function is a built-in function in C++ STL which is used to insert an element in an unordered_set container. The element is inserted only if it is not already present in the container. This insertion also effectively increases the container size 1.
Syntax
 

unordered_set_name.emplace(element)

Parameter: This function accepts a single parameter element which is to be inserted in the unordered_set container.
Return Value: This function returns a pair on successful insertion. The pair consists of an iterator pointing to the newly inserted element and a boolean value True. If the element to be inserted is already present in the container then it returns a pair with an iterator pointing to the already present element and a boolean value false.
Below programs illustrate the unordered_set::emplace() function:
Program 1
 

CPP




// C++ program to illustrate the
// unordered_set::emplace() function
 
#include <iostream>
#include <unordered_set>
 
using namespace std;
 
int main()
{
 
    unordered_set<int> sampleSet;
 
    // Inserting elements
    sampleSet.emplace(5);
    sampleSet.emplace(10);
    sampleSet.emplace(15);
    sampleSet.emplace(20);
    sampleSet.emplace(25);
 
    // displaying all elements of sampleSet
    cout << "sampleSet contains: ";
    for (auto itr = sampleSet.begin(); itr != sampleSet.end(); itr++) {
        cout << *itr << " ";
    }
 
    return 0;
}

Output: 

sampleSet contains: 25 5 10 15 20

 

Program 2
 

CPP




// C++ program to illustrate the
// unordered_set::emplace() function
 
#include <iostream>
#include <unordered_set>
 
using namespace std;
 
int main()
{
 
    unordered_set<string> sampleSet;
 
    // Inserting elements using
    // emplace() function
    sampleSet.emplace("Welcome");
    sampleSet.emplace("To");
    sampleSet.emplace("GeeksforGeeks");
    sampleSet.emplace("Computer Science Portal");
    sampleSet.emplace("For Geeks");
 
    // displaying all elements of sampleSet
    cout << "sampleSet contains: ";
    for (auto itr = sampleSet.begin(); itr != sampleSet.end(); itr++) {
        cout << *itr << " ";
    }
 
    return 0;
}

Output: 

sampleSet contains: Welcome To GeeksforGeeks For Geeks Computer Science Portal

 

Time complexity: O(n) 


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