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Unit Class in JavaTuples

  • Last Updated : 04 Aug, 2021
Geek Week

A Unit is a Tuple from JavaTuples library that deals with only 1 element. Since this Unit is a generic class, it can hold any type of value in it.
Since Unit is a Tuple, hence it also has all the characteristics of JavaTuples: 
 

  • They are Typesafe
  • They are Immutable
  • They are Iterable
  • They are Serializable
  • They are Comparable (implements Comparable<Tuple>)
  • They implement equals() and hashCode()
  • They also implement toString()

Class Declaration

public final class Unit<A> extends Tuple implements IValue0<A> 

Class hierarchy

Object
  ↳ org.javatuples.Tuple
      ↳ org.javatuples.Unit<A>

 Creating Unit Tuple

  • From Constructor:
    Syntax
     
Unit<A> unit = new Unit<A>(value);
  • Example

Java




// Below is a Java program to create
// a Unit tuple from Constructor
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Unit;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Unit<String> unit
            = new Unit<String>("GeeksforGeeks");
 
        System.out.println(unit);
    }
}
  • Output: 
     
[GeeksforGeeks]
  • Using with() method: The with() method is a function provided by the JavaTuples library, to instantiate the object with such values.
    Syntax
     
Unit<type 1> unit = Unit.with(value);
  • Example
     

Java




// Below is a Java program to create
// a Unit tuple from with() method
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Unit;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Unit<String> unit
            = Unit.with("GeeksforGeeks");
 
        System.out.println(unit);
    }
}
  • Output: 
     
[GeeksforGeeks]
  • From other collections: The fromCollection() method is used to create a Tuple from a collection, and fromArray() method is used to create from an array. The collection/array must have the same type as that of the Tuple and the number of values in the collection/array must match with the Tuple class.
    Syntax
     
Unit<type> unit = Unit.fromCollection(collectionWith_1_value);

Unit<type> unit = Unit.fromArray(arrayWith_1_value);
  • Example

Java






// Below is a Java program to create
// a Unit tuple from Collection
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Unit;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Creating Unit from List
        List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
        list.add("GeeksforGeeks");
        Unit<String> unit
            = Unit.fromCollection(list);
 
        // Creating Unit from Array
        String[] arr = { "A computer portal" };
        Unit<String> otherUnit
            = Unit.fromArray(arr);
 
        System.out.println(unit);
        System.out.println(otherUnit);
    }
}
  • Output: 
     
[GeeksforGeeks]
[A computer portal]

Getting Value

The getValueX() method can be used to fetch the value in a Tuple at index X. The indexing in Tuples starts with 0. Hence, the value at index X represents the value at position X+1.
Syntax
 

Unit<type 1> unit = new Unit<type 1>(value);

type1 val1 = unit.getValue0();

Example: 

Java




// Below is a Java program to get
// a Unit value
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Unit;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Unit<String> unit
            = Unit.with("GeeksforGeeks");
 
        System.out.println(unit);
    }
}

Output: 
 

GeeksforGeeks

 Setting Unit Value

Since the Tuples are immutable, it means that modifying a value at an index is not possible. Hence JavaTuples offer setAtX(value) which creates a copy of the Tuple with a new value at index X, and returns that Tuple.
Syntax
 

Unit<type1> unit = new Unit<type1>(value);

type1 val1 = unit.setAt0();

Example



Java




// Below is a Java program to set
// a Unit value
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Unit;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Unit<String> unit
            = Unit.with("GeeksforGeeks");
 
        Unit<String> otherUnit
            = unit.setAt0("A computer portal");
 
        System.out.println(otherUnit);
    }
}

Output: 
 

[A computer portal]

 Adding a value

Adding a value can be done with the help of addAtX() method, where X represents the index at which the value is to be added. This method returns a Tuple of element one more than the called Tuple.
Syntax

Unit<type1> unit = new Unit<type 1>(value);

Pair<type1, type2> pair = unit.addAt1(value2);

Example

Java




// Below is a Java program to add
// a value
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Unit;
import org.javatuples.Pair;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Unit<String> unit
            = Unit.with("GeeksforGeeks");
 
        Pair<String, String> pair
            = unit.addAt1("A computer portal");
 
        System.out.println(pair);
    }
}

Output: 
 

[GeeksforGeeks, A computer portal]

 

Searching in a Tuple

An element can be searched in a tuple with the pre-defined method contains(). It returns a boolean value whether the value is present or not.
Syntax
 

Unit<type1> unit = new Unit<type 1>(value);

boolean res = unit.contains(value);

Example
 



Java




// Below is a Java program to search a value
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Unit;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Unit<String> unit
            = Unit.with("GeeksforGeeks");
 
        boolean exist = unit.contains("GeeksforGeeks");
        boolean exist1 = unit.contains(4);
 
        System.out.println(exist);
        System.out.println(exist1);
    }
}

Output: 
 

true
false

Iterating through Unit

Since Unit implement the Iterable<Object> interface. It means that they can be iterated in the same way as collections or arrays.
Syntax

Unit<type 1> unit = new Unit<type 1>(value);

for (Object item : unit) {
        ...
}

Example

Java




// Below is a Java program to get
// a Unit value
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Unit;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Unit<String> unit
            = Unit.with("GeeksforGeeks");
 
        for (Object item : unit)
            System.out.println(item);
    }
}

Output: 
 

GeeksforGeeks

 

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