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TypedMultipleChoiceField – Django Forms

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TypedMultipleChoiceField in Django Forms is a Choice field, for input of multiple pairs of values from a field and it includes a coerce function also to convert data into specific data types. The default widget for this input is SelectMultiple. It normalizes to a Python list of strings that you one can use for multiple purposes. TypedMultipleChoiceField has following arguments:
  • choices :- Either an iterable of 2-tuples to use as choices for this field, or a callable that returns such an iterable.
  • coerce : A function that takes one argument and returns a coerced value. Examples include the built-in int, float, bool and other types. Defaults to an identity function.
  • empty_value : The value to use to represent “empty.” Defaults to the empty string; None is another common choice here.
field_name = forms.TypedMultipleChoiceField(**options)

Django form TypedMultipleChoiceField Explanation

Illustration of TypedMultipleChoiceField using an Example. Consider a project named geeksforgeeks having an app named geeks.
Refer to the following articles to check how to create a project and an app in Django.
Enter the following code into file of geeks app.
from django import forms
    ("1", "Naveen"),
    ("2", "Pranav"),
    ("3", "Isha"),
    ("4", "Saloni"),
class GeeksForm(forms.Form):
    geeks_field = forms.TypedMultipleChoiceField(
                             choices = DEMO_CHOICES,
                             coerce = int

Add the geeks app to INSTALLED_APPS
# Application definition

Now to render this form into a view we need a view and a URL mapped to that URL. Let’s create a view first in of geeks app,
from django.shortcuts import render
from .forms import GeeksForm
# Create your views here.
def home_view(request):
    context = {}
    context['form'] = GeeksForm()
    return render( request, "home.html", context)

Here we are importing that particular form from and creating an object of it in the view so that it can be rendered in a template. Now, to initiate a Django form you need to create home.html where one would be designing the stuff as they like. Let’s create a form in home.html.
<form method="POST">
    {% csrf_token %}
    {{ form.as_p }}
    <input type="submit" value="Submit">

Finally, a URL to map to this view in
from django.urls import path
# importing views from
from .views import home_view
urlpatterns = [
    path('', home_view ),

Let’s run the server and check what has actually happened, Run
Python runserver
django-forms-TypedMultipleChoiceField-11 Thus, an geeks_field TypedMultipleChoiceField is created by replacing “_” with ” “. It is a field to input of Choices from a list.

How to use TypedMultipleChoiceField ?

TypedMultipleChoiceField is used for input of Choices in the database. One can input Gender, etc. Till now we have discussed how to implement TypedMultipleChoiceField but how to use it in the view for performing the logical part. To perform some logic we would need to get the value entered into the field into a python string instance. To get Github code of working TypedMultipleChoiceField, click here. In,
from django.shortcuts import render
from .forms import GeeksForm
# Create your views here.
def home_view(request):
    context = {}
    form = GeeksForm(request.POST or None)
    context['form']= form
    if request.POST:
        if form.is_valid():
            temp = form.cleaned_data.get("geeks_field")
    return render(request, "home.html", context)

Let’s try selecting Choices data now. django-forms-TypedMultipleChoiceField Now this data can be fetched using corresponding request dictionary. If method is GET, data would be available in request.GET and if post, request.POST correspondingly. In above example we have the value in temp which we can use for any purpose. You can check that data is converted to a python list of string instance in geeks_field. django-forms-typedchoicefield

Core Field Arguments

Core Field arguments are the arguments given to each field for applying some constraint or imparting a particular characteristic to a particular Field. For example, adding an argument required = False to TypedMultipleChoiceField will enable it to be left blank by the user. Each Field class constructor takes at least these arguments. Some Field classes take additional, field-specific arguments, but the following should always be accepted:
Field Options Description
required By default, each Field class assumes the value is required, so to make it not required you need to set required=False
label The label argument lets you specify the “human-friendly” label for this field. This is used when the Field is displayed in a Form.
label_suffix The label_suffix argument lets you override the form’s label_suffix on a per-field basis.
widget The widget argument lets you specify a Widget class to use when rendering this Field. See Widgets for more information.
help_text The help_text argument lets you specify descriptive text for this Field. If you provide help_text, it will be displayed next to the Field when the Field is rendered by one of the convenience Form methods.
error_messages The error_messages argument lets you override the default messages that the field will raise. Pass in a dictionary with keys matching the error messages you want to override.
validators The validators argument lets you provide a list of validation functions for this field.
localize The localize argument enables the localization of form data input, as well as the rendered output.
disabled. The disabled boolean argument, when set to True, disables a form field using the disabled HTML attribute so that it won’t be editable by users.

Last Updated : 13 Feb, 2020
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