# Trick to calculate determinant of a 3×3 matrix

**Linear Algebra** is one of the most important topics in Engineering Mathematics Gate syllabus. Finding determinant of a matrix is one of the most important problems in Linear Algebra. Finding Determinant of a matrix is required for finding inverse of a matrix, determining whether vectors are linearly independent or not etc.

**Traditional Method :**

Let us consider a matrix and its determinant be A, then A can be calculated as given below.

where,

**Example :**

A = 1( 5*9 – 6*8) – 2(4*9 – 6*7) + 3(4*8 – 5*7) A = 1(45 – 48) – 2(36 – 42) + 3(32 – 35) A = 1*(-3) – 2*(-6) + 3*(-3) A = -3 + 12 – 9 A = 0

The above traditional method consumes a lot of time especially when you are solving some complex problem. There is another easier and faster method determinant of a matrix. The below shown is faster way of solving the determinant of a matrix.

**Another Method for faster calculation :**

In this method we represent the matrix in different method only for determinant calculation.

Consider a matrix and convert it into the following given below.

write the matrix as

Now perform the following operation,

Here,

So, from the above matrix, we can write,

i = (3*4*8) = 96 x = (2*4*9) = 72 j = (1*5*9) = 45 y = (3*5*7) = 105 k = (2*6*7) = 84 z = (1*6*8) = 48 A = (i + j + k) – (x + y + z) = (96 + 45 + 84) – (72 + 105 + 48) = (225 – 225) = 0

So, by following the above we can calculate the determinant of a matrix easily. It requires practice to change our method of calculation from traditional method to easy method but it is worth practicing,

**Note –**

This method works only for (3, 3) matrix.

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