Open In App

Tree command in Linux with examples

Last Updated : 10 Jun, 2023
Like Article

In UNIX/LINUX systems, as well as MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows, the tree is a recursive directory listing program that produces a depth-indented listing of files. With no arguments, the tree lists the files in the current directory. When directory arguments are given, the tree lists all the files or directories found in the given directories each in turn. 

It shows directories as Braches and files as leaves which makes it easy for a user to visualize the organization of files and directories within a given path.

Installing `tree` command in Linux

By default, the tree command is not installed. Type the following command to install the same 

Installation in RHEL / CentOS / Fedora Linux 

Version less than or equal to Rhel8

sudo yum install tree 

Note in version greater than RHEL 8, we need to need dnf command.
For example, in installation in RHEL 9.

sudo dnf install tree
sudo dnf install tree

sudo dnf install tree

Installation in Debian / Mint / Ubuntu Linux

sudo apt-get install tree 

sudo apt-get install tree 

Installation in Apple OS X

brew install tree

Basic Syntax of Tree command in Linux 

tree [options]

If we want to display the directory structure using the simple `tree` command without adding any option.



Here `tree` command will output the directory structure, starting from the current directory.

Options available in `tree` command in Linux


–help  –help 

Outputs the version of the tree.

`-a` or `–all`

Includes hidden files and directories in the tree.

`-d` or `–dirs-only`

List directories only.

`-f` or `–full-path`

Prints the full path prefix for each file. 

`-i` or `–ignore-case`

 Ignores case when sorting filenames.


Stay on the current file system only, as with find -xdev. 


 Do not list those files that match the wild-card pattern. 

`-p` or `–prune`

Omits the specified directory from the tree.

–filelimit #

Do not descend directories that contain more than # entries. 


Sort the output by last modification time instead of alphabetically.


Omits printing of the file and directory report at the end of the tree listing. 


 Print the size of each file along with the name.


 Print the username, or UID # if no username is available, of the file.


Print the group name, or GID # if no group name is available, of the file


Print the date of the last modification time for the file listed. 


Prints the inode number of the file or directory 


Prints the device number to which the file or directory belongs 


Append a `/’ for directories, a `=’ for socket files, a `*’ for executable files and a `|’ for FIFO’s, as per ls -F 


Print non-printable characters in file names as question marks instead of the default carrot notation.


Print non-printable characters as is instead of the default carrot notation. 


Sort the output in reverse alphabetic order. 


List directories before files. 


Turn colorization off always, over-ridden by the -C option. 


Turn colorization on always, using built-in color defaults if the LS_COLORS environment variable is not set. Useful to colorize output to a pipe. 


Turn on ANSI line graphics hack when printing the indentation lines.


Turn on ASCII line graphics (useful when using linux console mode fonts). This option is now equivalent to `–charset=IBM437′ and will eventually be depreciated. 

-L level

 Max display depth of the directory tree. 


 Recursively cross down the tree each level directories (see -L option), and at each of them execute tree again adding `-o 00Tree.html’ as a new option. 

-H baseHREF 

Turn on HTML output, including HTTP references. Useful for ftp sites. baseHREF gives the base ftp location when using HTML output. That is, the local directory may be `/local/ftp/pub’, but it must be referenced as `ftp://host-name.organization.domain/pub’ (baseHREF should be `ftp://hostname.organization.domain’). Hint: don’t use ANSI lines with this option, and don’t give more than one directory in the directory list. If you want to use colors via CSS stylesheet, use the -C option in addition to this option to force color output. 

-T title

Sets the title and H1 header string in HTML output mode. 

–charset charset

Set the character set to use when outputting HTML and for line drawing. 


Turns off hyperlinks in HTML output. 

-o file name Send output to file name. 


Display the tree hierarchy of a directory  

tree -a ./GFG 
tree -a ./GFG

tree -a ./GFG 

List files with entered pattern  

tree -P sample* . 
tree -P sample* .

tree -P sample* . 

List those directories which have greater ‘N’ number of files/directories  

tree --filelimit 3 ./GFG 
tree --filelimit 3 ./GFG

tree –filelimit 3 ./GFG 

List files with their permissions.  

tree -p ./GFG 
tree -p ./GFG

tree -p ./GFG 

Prints the device number to which the file or directory belongs.  

tree --device ./GFG 
tree --device ./GFG

tree –device ./GFG 

Prints the output by last modification time instead of alphabetically.  

tree -t ./GFG 
tree -t ./GFG

tree -t ./GFG 


In this article we have studied about `tree` command in Linux which is a powerful tool for visualizing directory structure. It also allows user to display the hierarchy of files and directories including hidden ones, sorting the output based on various criteria, it also filters file using patterns and generate HTML output. Overall, we can it is a very useful tool.

Like Article
Suggest improvement
Share your thoughts in the comments

Similar Reads