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Transfer Object Pattern in Java

  • Last Updated : 22 Jul, 2021

It is used when we want to pass data with multiple attributes in one shot from client to server. Transfer Object is a simple POJO class having getter/setter methods and is serialized so that it can be transferred over the network. Server Side business class normally fetches data from the database and fills the POJO and sends it to the client or passes it by value. For clients, the transfer object is read-only. The client can create its own transfer object and pass it to the server to update values in the database in one shot. 

Following are the entities of this type of design pattern:

Transfer ObjectSimple POJO having methods to set/get attributes only
 Business ObjectFills the Transfer Object with data
ClientEither requests or sends the Transfer Object to Business Object

Approach:

  • Step 1: Create a Transfer Object
  • Step 2: Create a Business Object.
  • Step 3: Use the StudentBO to demonstrate Transfer Object Design Pattern
  • Step 4: Verify the output.

Procedure: 

Step 1: Creating a Transfer Object 



Example

Java




// Transfer Object Pattern - Design Pattern
 
// Step 1
// Creating a Transfer Object
// randomly be named it 'StudentVO.java'
 
// Class StudentVO
public class StudentVO {
   
  // Member variables of class
   private String name;
   private int rollNo;
   
  // Creating a constructor of above class
  StudentVO(String name, int rollNo) {
     
    // This keyword for assignment
    // to same memory block created
    // for every nae and roll number of student
    this.name = name;
      this.rollNo = rollNo;
   }
   
  // Getting name of student
   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }
   
  // Setting name of Student
   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }
   
  // Getting roll number of student
   public int getRollNo() {
      return rollNo;
   }
   
  // Setting roll number of student
   public void setRollNo(int rollNo) {
      this.rollNo = rollNo;
   }
}

Step 2: Creating a Business Object

Example 

Java




// Transfer Object Pattern - Design Pattern
 
// Step 2
// Creating a Busines object
// randomly be named it 'StudentBO.java'
 
// Importing List and ArrayList classes of
// java.util package
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
 
// Class StudentBO
public class StudentBO {
     
   // List is working as a database
   List<StudentVO> students;
   public StudentBO() {
  
      students = new ArrayList<StudentVO>();
      
     // Adding custom inputs
      StudentVO student1 = new StudentVO("Robert",0);
      StudentVO student2 = new StudentVO("John",1);
      students.add(student1);
      students.add(student2);       
   }
   
   public void deleteStudent(StudentVO student) {
      students.remove(student.getRollNo());
      System.out.println("Student: Roll No " + student.getRollNo() + ", deleted from database");
   }
   
   //retrieve list of students from the database
   public List<StudentVO> getAllStudents() {
      return students;
   }
   
   public StudentVO getStudent(int rollNo) {
      return students.get(rollNo);
   }
   
   public void updateStudent(StudentVO student) {
      students.get(student.getRollNo()).setName(student.getName());
      System.out.println("Student: Roll No " + student.getRollNo() +", updated in the database");
   }
}

Step 3: Use the StudentBO to demonstrate Transfer Object Design Pattern

Implementation:  List is acting as DB here as shown in demonstrating Transfer Object Design Pattern.

Example

Java




// Transfer Object Pattern - Design Pattern
// Step 3
 
// Use the StudentBO to demonstrate Transfer Object Design Pattern
// randomly be named it 'TransferObjectPatternDemo.java'
 
public class TransferObjectPatternDemo {
   
  // Main driver method
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      
      StudentBO studentBusinessObject = new StudentBO();
       
     // Print all students
      for (StudentVO student : studentBusinessObject.getAllStudents()) {
         System.out.println("Student: [RollNo : " + student.getRollNo() + ", Name : " + student.getName() + " ]");
      }
      
      // Update student
      StudentVO student = studentBusinessObject.getAllStudents().get(0);
      
     // Custom input 
     student.setName("Michael");
      studentBusinessObject.updateStudent(student);
       
     // Getting the student
      student = studentBusinessObject.getStudent(0);
      System.out.println("Student: [RollNo : " + student.getRollNo() + ", Name : " + student.getName() + " ]");
   }
}

Step 4: Verifying output 

Student : [RollNo : 0, Name : Robert ]
Student : [RollNo : 1, Name : John ]
Student : Roll No 0, updated in the database
Student : [RollNo : 0, Name : Michael ]

 

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