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Top 7 Frameworks For Backend Development

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 10 Jun, 2022

The demand for web developers is increasing day by day and also the job market is expected to grow by 15% by 2026. With the increase in demand for Web Development, frameworks have become an essential part of building robust and efficient web applications. Web development helps bring platforms online so that they could reach maximum users. As you know, Front-end and Back-end collectively make web applications. While the front-end takes care of the UI, the backend is the one responsible for supporting the web applications.

Top-7-Frameworks-For-Backend-Development

There are a plethora of frameworks when we talk about backend development. This would create confusion in your mind as to which one to choose. To avoid it, we have come up with the Top 7 Frameworks for Backend Development.

1. Django   

Django (written in Python), being one of the most popular frameworks was released in 2005. It is an open-source and high-level framework that is scalable and customizable and contains everything that a developer may require. Django is based on the DRY code principle, which mainly focuses on reusing the code thereby making it fast and efficient, and also, it follows the MVC pattern. This framework can also be used in JSON, XML, and HTML formats. It is mainly considered for building web applications rapidly and makes use of popular python features also, providing an admin interface to perform CRUD(Create, Read, Update, Delete) operations. Popular applications using Django are Google, YouTube, Instagram, Spotify, Pinterest, DropBox, Mozilla, and National Geographic. 

Features of Django:

  • Secure Authentication
  • Batteries included
  • Support of middleware
  • SEO Optimized
  • Huge community support
  • Easy integration with third-party applications

2. Laravel 

Laravel is an open-source PHP framework, released in 2011, which follows MVC (Model-View-Architecture) architecture. It consists of extensive libraries and API support, also with an intuitive interface. It is mainly responsible for building blogs, e-commerce websites, and news. It provides database tools like ORM (Object Relational Mapper), With the help of Laravel, developers create amazing custom web apps using the expressive and elegant syntax of PHP. Also, it allows rapid application mail sending through local or cloud-based services. Laravel can be called a mixture of Django and Ruby on Rails as it is scalable and secure just like Ruby on Rails and follows MVC architecture to build websites just like Django. It is a complete server-side framework, responsible for data manipulation. Some of the companies using Laravel as their backend framework are 9GAG, Pfizer, Crowdcube, and Razorpay.

Features of Laravel:

  • Own CLI (Command Line Interface)
  • Integrates with MySQL, SQL Server, SQLite, and Postgres.
  • Migration of database
  • Simple API
  • Template Engine

3. Express 

Express, released in 2010, is a Nodejs web application framework written in JavaScript which supports REST API applications. It is fast, unopinionated, minimalist, and the backend part of the MEAN and MERN stack used for building interactive mobile and web applications. JS developers use Express because of its high flexibility of applications. Express, a framework for NodeJS allows developers to create single-page, multi-page, and even hybrid pages. It integrates with NoSQL, MongoDB, and Nodejs to handle GET, PUT, POST, and DELETE requests. Companies like Accenture, PayPal, Twitter, Myntra, Uber, and IBM use Express as their backend framework. 

Features of Express:

  • Routing
  • Middleware
  • Debugging
  • Plugin support
  • Extensive templates
  • HTTP utility methods

4. Spring Boot

Spring Boot, released in 2014 is an open-source and lightweight Java-based framework. It is used for creating stand-alone applications. It contains a spring core container which is a module providing containers. It is one of the most popular frameworks, following MVC architecture, and performs CRUD operations. There are extensions for creating web applications and it renders configurable security methods. Developers perform lazy initialization which helps them to create beans based on the language. It has many useful functionalities like transaction management, monitoring, caching, and security. The reason behind choosing Spring Boot are microservices, easy setup, and fast development. Companies using Spring Boot are Google, Microsoft, Udemy, Amazon, and Trivago. 

Features of SpringBoot:

  • Simple API
  • Dependency management
  • Avoids Complex configuration of XML
  • Microservices

5. Ruby on Rails 

Ruby on Rails, released in 2004, is an open-source and server-side framework written in Ruby. It offers a default structure for web services and follows MVC architecture. It creates a bug-free database and uses HTML, CSS, and JavaScript for creating applications. It works on two basic concepts involving DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself) and CoC (Convention over Configuration). The first one is used to avoid repetition of code, and the second one is to provide maximum approaches to solve a problem. Companies using Ruby on Rails are GitHub, Shopify, Netflix, Airbnb, and Crunchbase. 

Features of Ruby on Rails:

  • Good community support
  • Reliable and high-quality
  • Simple testing
  • Scaffolding
  • Localization

6. Flask

Flask, released in 2010, is an open-source, lightweight framework written in Python and used for creating robust web apps. It is simple to learn and work on, a “beginner-friendly” framework that doesn’t contain any kind of dependencies, making it easy to implement. It offers RESTful request dispatching, unit testing, and secure cookies. It is also classified as a microframework as it does not contain any kind of libraries and tools. It supports object-relational mapping, uploading, and validating. Being used for building both small-scale and large-scale applications, LinkedIn and Pinterest are the famous companies using Flask as their backend framework. 

Features of Flask:

  • Unicode backend
  • Development server
  • Rapid development
  • Minimalistic
  • Good documentation

7. ASP.NET 

ASP.NET (Active Server Pages), released in 2002, is a free, open-source, and free framework written in C#. It is a modular framework, that runs across the .NET framework across Windows. It is the best framework used for building real-time web apps and has rich API services and microservices. .NET, an advanced version of ASP.NET, is a platform for developers which is made up of tools, libraries, and programming languages. It can run on Windows, Linux, and macOS. Companies using ASP.NET as their backend framework are Slack, SpaceX, Alibaba Travels, and MasterCard.

Features of ASP.NET are:

  • Has multiple versions
  • Minimal coding
  • Asynchronous
  • Support for containers
  • Various support options for lifecycle

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