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Theorem – The sum of opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180° | Class 9 Maths
  • Last Updated : 15 Dec, 2020

In Euclidean geometry, a cyclic quadrilateral or inscribed quadrilateral is a quadrilateral whose vertices all lie on a single circle. This circle is called the circumcircle or circumscribed circle, and the vertices are said to be concyclic. The center of the circle and its radius are called the circumcenter and the circumradius respectively. Other names for these quadrilaterals are concyclic quadrilateral and chordal quadrilateral, the latter since the sides of the quadrilateral are chords of the circumcircle.

Theorem Statement: The sum of the opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180°. 

So according to the theorem statement, in the below figure, we have to prove that

∠BAD + ∠BCD = 180o

∠ABC + ∠ADC = 180o



Proof:

Given:

A cyclic quadrilateral ABCD where O is the center of a circle.

Construction:

Join the line segment OB and OD

Since, The angle substended by an arc at the centre is double the angle on the circle.

Therefore,

∠BAD = 1/2 (∠BOD)                         – equation 1

Similarly,

∠BCD = 1/2 (reflex of ∠BOD)           – equation 2

By adding equation 1 and 2, we get

∠BAD + ∠BCD = 1/2 (∠BOD + reflex of ∠BOD)

∠BAD + ∠BCD = 1/2 ( 360o)             {Since , ∠BOD + reflex of ∠BOD form complete angle i.e 360 degree}

∠BAD + ∠BCD = 180o

Similarly,

∠ABC + ∠ADC = 180o

Hence proved, that the sum of opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180° 

Sample Problems on the Given Theorem

Question 1: In the figure given below, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral in which ∠CBA = 91.64° and ∠DAB = 102.51° find ∠ADC and ∠DCB?



Solution:

By applying theorem, 

The sum of opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180° 

We get,

∠ADC + ∠ABC = 180o

∠ADC + 91.64o =180o

∠ADC =180o – 91.64o = 88.36 degree

And,

∠DCB + ∠BAD =180o

∠DCB + 102.51o = 180o

∠DCB = 180o – 102.51o

∠DCB = 77.49o

Hence ∠ADC = 88.36o and ∠DCB = 77.49o

Question 2: In the figure given below, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral in which ∠BAD = 100° and ∠BDC = 50° find ∠DBC? 

Solution:

Given :

∠BAD = 100°  and ∠CDB = 50o

∠BAD + ∠BCD = 180  (Since opposite angle of cyclic quadrilateral)

∠BCD = 180o – 100o = 800

In ∆BCD ,

∠BCD + ∠CDB + ∠DBC = 180o

80o  + 50o + ∠DBC = 180o

∠DBC = 180o  – 130o

∠DBC = 50o

Therefore ∠DBC = 50

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