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TextClock in Kotlin
  • Last Updated : 19 Feb, 2021

Android TextClock is a user interface control which is used to show the date/time in string format.

It provides time in two modes, first one is to show the time in 24 Hour format and another one is to show the time in 12-hour format. We can easily use is24HourModeEnabled() method, to show the system using TextClock in 24 Hours or 12 Hours format.

First we create a new project by following the below steps:

  1. Click on File, then New => New Project.
  2. After that include the Kotlin support and click on next.
  3. Select the minimum SDK as per convenience and click next button.
  4. Then select the Empty activity => next => finish.

Different attributes for TextClock widget

XML attributesDescription
android:idUsed to specify the id of the view.
android:timeZoneUsed to specify the zone for the time.
android:format12HourUsed for the 12 hour format.
android:format24HourUsed for the 24 hour format.
android:textUsed to specify the text.
android:textStyleUsed to specify the style of the text.
android:textSizeUsed to specify the size of the text.
android:backgroundUsed to set the background of the view.
android:paddingUsed to set the padding of the view.
android:visibiltyUsed to set the visibility of the view.
android:gravityUsed to specify the gravity of the view like center, top, bottom etc

Modify activity_main.xml file

In this file, we use the TextClock, TextView and Button and set attributes for all the widgets.




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
  
    <TextClock
        android:id="@+id/txtClok"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="100dp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="70dp"
        android:format12Hour="hh:mm:ss a"
        android:textColor="#F1912F"
        android:textSize="30dp"
        android:textStyle="italic"/>
  
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btn"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignLeft="@+id/txtClok"
        android:layout_below="@+id/txtClok"
        android:layout_marginLeft="40dp"
        android:text="Show Time"/>
  
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textview"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_alignLeft="@+id/btn"
        android:layout_below="@+id/btn"
        android:layout_marginTop="20dp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="-50dp"
        android:textSize="25dp"
        android:textStyle="normal"/>
</RelativeLayout>

Update strings.xml file

Here, we update the name of the application using the string tag.






<resources>
    <string name="app_name">TextClockInKotlin</string>
</resources>

Access TextClock in MainActivity.kt file

First, we declare two variables txtClock and txtView to access the widgets from the XML layout using the id.

val txtClock = findViewById<TextClock>(R.id.txtClok)
        val txtView = findViewById<TextView>(R.id.textview)

then, we access the button and set OnClickListener to display the time while clicking the button.

val btn = findViewById<Button>(R.id.btn)
    btn?.setOnClickListener {
    txtView?.text = "Time: " + txtClock?.text




package com.geeksforgeeks.myfirstKotlinapp
  
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
  
import android.os.Bundle
import android.widget.Button
import android.widget.TextClock
import android.widget.TextView
  
  
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
  
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
  
        val txtClock = findViewById<TextClock>(R.id.txtClok)
        val txtView = findViewById<TextView>(R.id.textview)
  
        val btn = findViewById<Button>(R.id.btn)
        btn?.setOnClickListener {
            txtView?.text = "Time: " + txtClock?.text
        }
    }
}

AndroidManifest.xml file




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    package="com.geeksforgeeks.myfirstKotlinapp">
  
    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
  
                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>
  
</manifest>

Run as Emulator:

 

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