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SVG Element Complete Reference

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SVG stands for Scalable Vector Graphic. It can be used to make graphics and animations like in HTML canvas. It is a type of vector graphic that may be scaled up or down. Elements are the core things that is required to work with SVGs.

List of SVG Elements:

SVG Elements

Description

Example

<a>The <a> element in SVG is used to create a hyperlink to other webpages or any URL.
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<animate>The <animate> SVG element is used to animate an attribute or property of an element over time.
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<animateMotion>The <animateMotion> element let define how an element moves along a motion path.
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<animateTransform>The <animateTransform> element animates a transformation attribute on its target element.
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<circle>The SVG <circle> element is used to draw circle. The center point and radius are given.
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<clipPath>The <clipPath> SVG element is used to define a clipping path that is to be used by the clip-path property.
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<defs>The <defs> in SVG is used whenever we want a particular element to render only when required or when it is called.
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<desc>The <desc> element in SVG is used to provide an accessible text description to any of the available SVG elements whether it is a container or graphic element.
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<Ellipse>The <Ellipse> element is used to create an ellipse.
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<feBlend><feBlend> element is used to combines two images or SVG fragments into a single graphic.
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<feComponentTransfer><feComponentTransfer> element implements color manipulations on each color channel separately.
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<feConvolveMatrix>The <feConvolveMatrix> SVG filter primitive changes pixels in the input image with neighboring pixels to produce a resulting image.
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<feDiffuseLighting>The <feDiffuseLighting> filter primitive lights an image using the alpha channel as a bump map.
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<feDisplacementMap>The <feDisplacementMap> SVG filter primitive is use to spatially displace the image content using a displacement map.
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<feDropShadow>The <feDropShadow> element works in combination with other filter primitives to add a drop shadow to the graphic.
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<feFlood><feFlood> element generates a layer of continuous color that completely fills this element’s filter primitive region.
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<feGaussianBlur>The <feGaussianBlur> element adds a smooth blur to the graphic based on the standard deviation provided in the input primitive.
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<feImage>The <feImage> SVG filter primitive fetches image data from an external source and provides the pixel data as output.
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<feMerge>The <feMerge> SVG element allows filter effects to be applied concurrently instead of sequentially.
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<feMergeNode>The <feMergeNode> SVG element takes the result of another filter which is to be processed by its parent element i.e. feMerge element.
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<feOffset>The <feOffset> element is used to create drop shadow effects.
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<fePointLight>The <fePointLight> filter primitive defines a light source which allows to create a point light effect.
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<feSpecularLighting>The <feSpecularLighting> SVG filter primitive lights a source graphic using the alpha channel as a bump map.
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<feSpotLight>The <feSpotLight> SVG defines a light source which results in a spotlight effect.
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<feTile>The <feTile> SVG filter primitive allows to fill a target rectangle with a repeated, tiled pattern of an input image.
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<feTurbulence>The <feTurbulence> SVG filter generates noise which is helpful in simulating several natural phenomena
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<filter>The <filter> element is used to define filters. To identify uniquely filter use id. The filters are defined in def elements.
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<foreignObject>The <foreignObject> element of SVG includes elements from a different XML namespace.
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<g>The <g> element is a container used to group other SVG elements.
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<hatch>The <hatch> element is used to stroke an object.
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<image>The <image> element includes images inside SVG documents.
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<Line>The SVG <Line> element is used to draw line. The start point and endpoints are given to draw the line.
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<marker>The <marker> element in SVG is used to define the graphics that is mostly used for the drawing purpose.
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<mask>The <mask> element defines the transparency and visibility of the input object.
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<mpath>The <mpath> is the sub element for the <animateMotion> element that provides the ability to reference an external <path> element as the definition of a motion path.
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<path>The element <path> is used to define a path that starts from a position and ends to a particular position.
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<pattern><pattern> element is used to fill shapes with patterns made up of images.
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<polygon>The <polygon> element of SVG is used to make any type of polygon on the SVG.
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<polyline>The <polyline> element of SVG in HTML is used to create a shape by connecting lines through different points.
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<rect>The <rect> element is used to create a rectangle.
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<script>The <script> element allows adding scripts to an SVG document.
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<set>The <set> element provides an easy means of just setting the value of an attribute for a specified duration.
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<stop><stop> Element tells the color and position to be used within the parent element.
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<style>The <style> element allows style sheets to be embedded directly within the SVG content.
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<switch>The <switch> element is used to evaluate attributes on its direct child elements in order and then renders the first child where these attributes evaluate to true.
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<symbol>The <symbol> element is used to define graphical template objects which can be instantiated by the <use> element.
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<text>The <text> element is used to draw text.
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<textPath>The <textPath> element is used to render the text along with a certain path.
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<title>The <title> element provides an accessible, short-text description of any SVG container element or graphics element.
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<tspan>The <tspan> element defines a subtext within a <text> element or another <tspan> element.
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<use>The <use> element takes nodes from within the SVG document and duplicates them somewhere else.
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<view>The <view> element is used to alter the attributes of viewbox of the original SVG element.
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Below example will give you a brief idea that how to use the SVG Element:

Example: In this example, we will add an Image and create a polygon.

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>
   <center>
   <h1 style="color:green;">
      GeeksforGeeks
   </h1>
   <b>SVG Elements Image and Polygon</b>
   <center>
      <svg width="200" 
           height="200"
           xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg">
         <image href=
                height="150" 
                width="150"/>
      </svg>
      <svg width="200px" 
           height="200px">
         <!-- try different pairs and make different shapes-->
         <polygon points="100, 100 15, 205 150, 7 20, 0"
                  fill="green" 
                  stroke="yellow"/>
      </svg>
   </center>
</body>
</html>

                    

Output:

SVG Element

SVG Element



Last Updated : 06 Jul, 2023
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