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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 21 Jan, 2021

The need for Supercomputer :

  • In India, the necessity for supercomputer is required for improving the monsoon forecasting capability, in the mid-1980’s India desperately need this as they have a hard time getting one from the US.  So what India need to settle was on the second and third best available (CRAY XMP-14) this one type of computer was offered in the sale so CRAY XMP-14 was bought by India as there was no other choice instead to get this. 
  • The US govt refused to oblige when a second supercomputer was asked by the IISC (Indian Institute of Science Bangalore) so this incident made Indian Computer Scientist think on the issue and wake up from their slumber for going ahead and building up one by themselves only.
  • Now the phase has come that India can boast of indigenous models of supercomputers which can do almost the equal jobs as the imported one and even cost only a fraction of it this all happens because of the well-orchestrated effort by a dedicated team, so we all thank that for their work and efforts they made to make India into the list for developing supercomputers like the other countries.

Supercomputer History :

  • The first supercomputer came up among was the one called Flosolver, this was the Bangalore based National Aeronautical Laboratory now we call this as National Aerospace Laboratories NAL. 
  • At the Centre for Atmospheric Science of the Indian Institute Of Science (IISC), Bangalore the latest version of the Flosolver system came known as Flosolver Mk3. 
  • For India Metrological Department the Flosolver Mk3 is about half as powerful as the Cray XMP purchased according to the designers but it costs only a tenth of the cost of a Cray machine.
  • Decided to have a supercomputer when the Defense Research and Development Organization. The other discovered was the one called as PACE (Processor for Aerodynamic Computation and Evaluation) which is developed by Hyderabad based Advanced Numerical Research and Analysis Group (ANURAG). 
  • CRAY-level speed is achieved by the PACE the speed of PACE is around 100 megaflops and it does not need special cooling arrangements like the one we call CRAY even it is big even we can say the very big advantage of PACE.

PARAM Supercomputer -Made In India :

  • In the world market, the Indian supercomputer that makes a mark was the multipurpose high-speed machine we called in a name PARAM, Which is developed by the Pune based Centre for development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC).
  • The peak performance of a whopping one gigaflops is in PARAM 8000 with 256 processing nods which have a comparison to some of most advanced such machines available yet at Rs 2 crore in 1991, this was the cheapest supercomputers available in the world.
  • With the development of PARAM 8600 and PARAM 9000 subsequently, the PARAM 8000 was upgraded and the latest in the PARAM series is the PARAM PADMA launched in 2003. 
  • The 1 trillion processes per second the PARAM PADMA has 1 teraflops of power such power has previously only been available to countries such as the USA and Japan.
  • The storage capacity is 5 terabytes which can be increased by 22 terabytes and developed at the cost of $10 million in PARAM PADMA. India Plans to market the PARAM PADMA internationally.
  • The earlier version of supercomputer PARAM 10,000 with 100 gigaflops(floating-point operations per second) memory is been sold by 8 countries including Germany, Russia, Singapore, and Canada.
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