Excel is a great tool to use in data collection and entry and nowadays it is widely used worldwide. To make the tasks of data management easier Excel has some built-in functions and formulas. **SUMIF** is such a function. This function easily sums the particular numbers in a large dataset. This is basically a worksheet function and comes under the * Math & Trigonometry function*.

This function does exactly what its name indicates. Using this function we can get the **‘SUM’ **of numbers of a particular range **‘IF’** the given criteria is satisfied. This function actually evaluates the sum of a particular range applying a condition. And in this function, we can apply criteria to one range and sum up another range according to the criteria.

Syntax:

SUMIF(range, criteria, [sum_range](optional))

***[sum_range] is an optional argument.

This function accepts range, criteria(condition), and sum_range(optional argument) as its argument and returns the sum of the sum_range or the range according to the given arguments. The arguments are discussed below.

Arguments:Arguments of the SUMIF function are the following:

range(Required):This is the range of the cells that will be evaluated to check the given criteria or condition. These cells may contain numbers or names, dates(must be in standard excel formats), arrays, references(that contains numbers).This argument is the criteria that need to be satisfied to add a cell of the given range. It can be a number, expression(logical or mathematical), text, reference, or a function. If the criteria is a mathematical or logical expression it must be written within double quote(criteria(Required):Eg: ” >1000″). On the other hand, if the criteria is a number then the double quote is not required(Eg: 56). There are some special symbols like a question mark(‘?’) And asterisk(‘*’)with some special use:

- A question mark(?) can be used to match a single character.
- An asterisk(*) can be used to match a sequence of characters.

And if we want to match a question mark(?) or an asterisk in the cell we need to use a tilde sign before them(Eg: “~?”).This is the actual range that will be added cell by cell if the given criteria meet. But if this argument is not provided then the SUMIF function will return the sum of thesum_range(Optional):rangeargument.sum_rangeshould be of the same dimension ofrangeargument for better performance.

Return Value:This function sums the numbers in the given range and returns the numerical value of the sum.

**Example:**

An Excel sheet has been taken as an example and the SUMIF function has been used in several formats.

Coding Team names(Column A) | No. of members(Column B) | points(Column C) |
---|---|---|

GFG_CODERS | 4 | 200 |

Acex_coders | 5 | 197 |

Poisionous_python | 3 | 150 |

Megatron | 4 | 130 |

Bro_coders | 6 | 110 |

Kotlin_coders | 2 | 100 |

Gaming_coders | 3 | 50 |

Then we will apply the **SUMIF() **function to the above table:

SUMIF() function | What the function does | Output result |
---|---|---|

=SUMIF(B2:B8, “>4”, C2:C8) | If the no. of members in column B is greater than 4 then add the corresponding points of column C. | 307 |

=SUMIF(B2:B8, 4, C2:C8) | If the no. of members in column B is equal to 4 then add the corresponding points of column C. | 330 |

=SUMIF(A2:A8, “GFG_CODERS”, C2:C8) | Search for “GFG_CODERS” in column A and add the corresponding points in column C. | 200 |

=SUMIF(C2:C8, “>110”) | Here the argument is not provided. So it will check the cells of C column and if the points are greater than 110 add it to the result.sum_range | 677 |

=SUMIF(A2:A8, “*rs”, C2:C8) | Here it will find the names of the teams ending with “rs” / “RS” in column A and add the corresponding points to the sum. | 657 |

**Output:**