Add two numbers represented by linked lists | Set 2

Given two numbers represented by two linked lists, write a function that returns the sum list. The sum list is linked list representation of the addition of two input numbers. It is not allowed to modify the lists. Also, not allowed to use explicit extra space (Hint: Use Recursion).

Example :

Input:
  First List: 5->6->3  
  Second List: 8->4->2 
Output
  Resultant list: 1->4->0->5

We have discussed a solution here which is for linked lists where a least significant digit is the first node of lists and the most significant digit is the last node. In this problem, the most significant node is the first node and the least significant digit is the last node and we are not allowed to modify the lists. Recursion is used here to calculate sum from right to left.

Following are the steps. 
1) Calculate sizes of given two linked lists. 
2) If sizes are same, then calculate sum using recursion. Hold all nodes in recursion call stack till the rightmost node, calculate the sum of rightmost nodes and forward carry to the left side. 
3) If size is not same, then follow below steps: 
….a) Calculate difference of sizes of two linked lists. Let the difference be diff 
….b) Move diff nodes ahead in the bigger linked list. Now use step 2 to calculate the sum of the smaller list and right sub-list (of the same size) of a larger list. Also, store the carry of this sum. 
….c) Calculate the sum of the carry (calculated in the previous step) with the remaining left sub-list of a larger list. Nodes of this sum are added at the beginning of the sum list obtained the previous step.

Below is a dry run of the above approach:



Below image is the implementation of the above approach. 




// A C++ recursive program to add two linked lists
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// A linked List Node
class Node {
public:
    int data;
    Node* next;
};
 
typedef Node node;
 
/* A utility function to insert
a node at the beginning of linked list */
void push(Node** head_ref, int new_data)
{
    /* allocate node */
    Node* new_node = new Node[(sizeof(Node))];
 
    /* put in the data */
    new_node->data = new_data;
 
    /* link the old list off the new node */
    new_node->next = (*head_ref);
 
    /* move the head to point to the new node */
    (*head_ref) = new_node;
}
 
/* A utility function to print linked list */
void printList(Node* node)
{
    while (node != NULL) {
        cout << node->data << " ";
        node = node->next;
    }
    cout << endl;
}
 
// A utility function to swap two pointers
void swapPointer(Node** a, Node** b)
{
    node* t = *a;
    *a = *b;
    *b = t;
}
 
/* A utility function to get size of linked list */
int getSize(Node* node)
{
    int size = 0;
    while (node != NULL) {
        node = node->next;
        size++;
    }
    return size;
}
 
// Adds two linked lists of same size
// represented by head1 and head2 and returns
// head of the resultant linked list. Carry
// is propagated while returning from the recursion
node* addSameSize(Node* head1, Node* head2, int* carry)
{
    // Since the function assumes linked lists are of same
    // size, check any of the two head pointers
    if (head1 == NULL)
        return NULL;
 
    int sum;
 
    // Allocate memory for sum node of current two nodes
    Node* result = new Node[(sizeof(Node))];
 
    // Recursively add remaining nodes and get the carry
    result->next
        = addSameSize(head1->next, head2->next, carry);
 
    // add digits of current nodes and propagated carry
    sum = head1->data + head2->data + *carry;
    *carry = sum / 10;
    sum = sum % 10;
 
    // Assigne the sum to current node of resultant list
    result->data = sum;
 
    return result;
}
 
// This function is called after the
// smaller list is added to the bigger
// lists's sublist of same size. Once the
// right sublist is added, the carry
// must be added toe left side of larger
// list to get the final result.
void addCarryToRemaining(Node* head1, Node* cur, int* carry,
                         Node** result)
{
    int sum;
 
    // If diff. number of nodes are not traversed, add carry
    if (head1 != cur) {
        addCarryToRemaining(head1->next, cur, carry,
                            result);
 
        sum = head1->data + *carry;
        *carry = sum / 10;
        sum %= 10;
 
        // add this node to the front of the result
        push(result, sum);
    }
}
 
// The main function that adds two linked lists
// represented by head1 and head2. The sum of
// two lists is stored in a list referred by result
void addList(Node* head1, Node* head2, Node** result)
{
    Node* cur;
 
    // first list is empty
    if (head1 == NULL) {
        *result = head2;
        return;
    }
 
    // second list is empty
    else if (head2 == NULL) {
        *result = head1;
        return;
    }
 
    int size1 = getSize(head1);
    int size2 = getSize(head2);
 
    int carry = 0;
 
    // Add same size lists
    if (size1 == size2)
        *result = addSameSize(head1, head2, &carry);
 
    else {
        int diff = abs(size1 - size2);
 
        // First list should always be larger than second
        // list. If not, swap pointers
        if (size1 < size2)
            swapPointer(&head1, &head2);
 
        // move diff. number of nodes in first list
        for (cur = head1; diff--; cur = cur->next)
            ;
 
        // get addition of same size lists
        *result = addSameSize(cur, head2, &carry);
 
        // get addition of remaining first list and carry
        addCarryToRemaining(head1, cur, &carry, result);
    }
 
    // if some carry is still there, add a new node to the
    // fron of the result list. e.g. 999 and 87
    if (carry)
        push(result, carry);
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    Node *head1 = NULL, *head2 = NULL, *result = NULL;
 
    int arr1[] = { 9, 9, 9 };
    int arr2[] = { 1, 8 };
 
    int size1 = sizeof(arr1) / sizeof(arr1[0]);
    int size2 = sizeof(arr2) / sizeof(arr2[0]);
 
    // Create first list as 9->9->9
    int i;
    for (i = size1 - 1; i >= 0; --i)
        push(&head1, arr1[i]);
 
    // Create second list as 1->8
    for (i = size2 - 1; i >= 0; --i)
        push(&head2, arr2[i]);
 
    addList(head1, head2, &result);
 
    printList(result);
 
    return 0;
}
 
// This code is contributed by rathbhupendra




// A C recursive program to add two linked lists
 
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
 
// A linked List Node
struct Node {
    int data;
    struct Node* next;
};
 
typedef struct Node node;
 
/* A utility function to insert a
  node at the beginning of
 * linked list */
void push(struct Node** head_ref, int new_data)
{
    /* allocate node */
    struct Node* new_node
        = (struct Node*)malloc(sizeof(struct Node));
 
    /* put in the data  */
    new_node->data = new_data;
 
    /* link the old list off the new node */
    new_node->next = (*head_ref);
 
    /* move the head to point to the new node */
    (*head_ref) = new_node;
}
 
/* A utility function to print linked list */
void printList(struct Node* node)
{
    while (node != NULL) {
        printf("%d  ", node->data);
        node = node->next;
    }
    printf("n");
}
 
// A utility function to swap two pointers
void swapPointer(Node** a, Node** b)
{
    node* t = *a;
    *a = *b;
    *b = t;
}
 
/* A utility function to get size
   of linked list */
int getSize(struct Node* node)
{
    int size = 0;
    while (node != NULL) {
        node = node->next;
        size++;
    }
    return size;
}
 
// Adds two linked lists of same
// size represented by head1
// and head2 and returns head of
// the resultant linked list.
// Carry is propagated while
// returning from the recursion
node* addSameSize(Node* head1,
                  Node* head2, int* carry)
{
    // Since the function assumes
    // linked lists are of same
    // size, check any of the two
    // head pointers
    if (head1 == NULL)
        return NULL;
 
    int sum;
 
    // Allocate memory for sum
    // node of current two nodes
    Node* result = (Node*)malloc(sizeof(Node));
 
    // Recursively add remaining nodes
    // and get the carry
    result->next
        = addSameSize(head1->next,
                      head2->next, carry);
 
    // add digits of current nodes
    // and propagated carry
    sum = head1->data + head2->data + *carry;
    *carry = sum / 10;
    sum = sum % 10;
 
    // Assigne the sum to current
    // node of resultant list
    result->data = sum;
 
    return result;
}
 
// This function is called after
// the smaller list is added
// to the bigger lists's sublist
// of same size.  Once the
// right sublist is added, the
// carry must be added toe left
// side of larger list to get
// the final result.
void addCarryToRemaining(Node* head1,
                         Node* cur, int* carry,
                         Node** result)
{
    int sum;
 
    // If diff. number of nodes are
    // not traversed, add carry
    if (head1 != cur) {
        addCarryToRemaining(head1->next,
                            cur, carry,
                            result);
 
        sum = head1->data + *carry;
        *carry = sum / 10;
        sum %= 10;
 
        // add this node to the front of the result
        push(result, sum);
    }
}
 
// The main function that adds two
// linked lists represented
// by head1 and head2. The sum of
// two lists is stored in a
// list referred by result
void addList(Node* head1,
             Node* head2, Node** result)
{
    Node* cur;
 
    // first list is empty
    if (head1 == NULL) {
        *result = head2;
        return;
    }
 
    // second list is empty
    else if (head2 == NULL)
    {
        *result = head1;
        return;
    }
 
    int size1 = getSize(head1);
    int size2 = getSize(head2);
 
    int carry = 0;
 
    // Add same size lists
    if (size1 == size2)
        *result = addSameSize(head1, head2, &carry);
 
    else {
        int diff = abs(size1 - size2);
 
        // First list should always be
        // larger than second
        // list. If not, swap pointers
        if (size1 < size2)
            swapPointer(&head1, &head2);
 
        // move diff. number of nodes in first list
        for (cur = head1; diff--; cur = cur->next)
            ;
 
        // get addition of same size lists
        *result = addSameSize(cur,
                              head2, &carry);
 
        // get addition of remaining first list and carry
        addCarryToRemaining(head1,
                            cur, &carry, result);
    }
 
    // if some carry is still there, add a new node to the
    // fron of the result list. e.g. 999 and 87
    if (carry)
        push(result, carry);
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    Node *head1 = NULL, *head2 = NULL, *result = NULL;
 
    int arr1[] = { 9, 9, 9 };
    int arr2[] = { 1, 8 };
 
    int size1 = sizeof(arr1) / sizeof(arr1[0]);
    int size2 = sizeof(arr2) / sizeof(arr2[0]);
 
    // Create first list as 9->9->9
    int i;
    for (i = size1 - 1; i >= 0; --i)
        push(&head1, arr1[i]);
 
    // Create second list as 1->8
    for (i = size2 - 1; i >= 0; --i)
        push(&head2, arr2[i]);
 
    addList(head1, head2, &result);
 
    printList(result);
 
    return 0;
}




// A Java recursive program to add two linked lists
 
public class linkedlistATN
{
    class node
    {
        int val;
        node next;
 
        public node(int val)
        {
            this.val = val;
        }
    }
     
    // Function to print linked list
    void printlist(node head)
    {
        while (head != null)
        {
            System.out.print(head.val + " ");
            head = head.next;
        }
    }
 
    node head1, head2, result;
    int carry;
 
    /* A utility function to push a value to linked list */
    void push(int val, int list)
    {
        node newnode = new node(val);
        if (list == 1)
        {
            newnode.next = head1;
            head1 = newnode;
        }
        else if (list == 2)
        {
            newnode.next = head2;
            head2 = newnode;
        }
        else
        {
            newnode.next = result;
            result = newnode;
        }
 
    }
 
    // Adds two linked lists of same size represented by
    // head1 and head2 and returns head of the resultant
    // linked list. Carry is propagated while returning
    // from the recursion
    void addsamesize(node n, node m)
    {
        // Since the function assumes linked lists are of
        // same size, check any of the two head pointers
        if (n == null)
            return;
 
        // Recursively add remaining nodes and get the carry
        addsamesize(n.next, m.next);
 
        // add digits of current nodes and propagated carry
        int sum = n.val + m.val + carry;
        carry = sum / 10;
        sum = sum % 10;
 
        // Push this to result list
        push(sum, 3);
 
    }
 
    node cur;
 
    // This function is called after the smaller list is
    // added to the bigger lists's sublist of same size.
    // Once the right sublist is added, the carry must be
    // added to the left side of larger list to get the
    // final result.
    void propogatecarry(node head1)
    {
        // If diff. number of nodes are not traversed, add carry
        if (head1 != cur)
        {
            propogatecarry(head1.next);
            int sum = carry + head1.val;
            carry = sum / 10;
            sum %= 10;
 
            // add this node to the front of the result
            push(sum, 3);
        }
    }
 
    int getsize(node head)
    {
        int count = 0;
        while (head != null)
        {
            count++;
            head = head.next;
        }
        return count;
    }
 
    // The main function that adds two linked lists
    // represented by head1 and head2. The sum of two
    // lists is stored in a list referred by result
    void addlists()
    {
        // first list is empty
        if (head1 == null)
        {
            result = head2;
            return;
        }
 
        // first list is empty
        if (head2 == null)
        {
            result = head1;
            return;
        }
 
        int size1 = getsize(head1);
        int size2 = getsize(head2);
 
        // Add same size lists
        if (size1 == size2)
        {
            addsamesize(head1, head2);
        }
        else
        {
            // First list should always be larger than second list.
            // If not, swap pointers
            if (size1 < size2)
            {
                node temp = head1;
                head1 = head2;
                head2 = temp;
            }
            int diff = Math.abs(size1 - size2);
 
            // move diff. number of nodes in first list
            node temp = head1;
            while (diff-- >= 0)
            {
                cur = temp;
                temp = temp.next;
            }
 
            // get addition of same size lists
            addsamesize(cur, head2);
 
            // get addition of remaining first list and carry
            propogatecarry(head1);
        }
            // if some carry is still there, add a new node to
            // the front of the result list. e.g. 999 and 87
            if (carry > 0)
                push(carry, 3);
         
    }
 
    // Driver program to test above functions
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        linkedlistATN list = new linkedlistATN();
        list.head1 = null;
        list.head2 = null;
        list.result = null;
        list.carry = 0;
        int arr1[] = { 9, 9, 9 };
        int arr2[] = { 1, 8 };
 
        // Create first list as 9->9->9
        for (int i = arr1.length - 1; i >= 0; --i)
            list.push(arr1[i], 1);
 
        // Create second list as 1->8
        for (int i = arr2.length - 1; i >= 0; --i)
            list.push(arr2[i], 2);
 
        list.addlists();
 
        list.printlist(list.result);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Rishabh Mahrsee




// A C# recursive program to add two linked lists
using System;
  
public class linkedlistATN{
     
class node
{
    public int val;
    public node next;
 
    public node(int val)
    {
        this.val = val;
    }
}
  
// Function to print linked list
void printlist(node head)
{
    while (head != null)
    {
        Console.Write(head.val + " ");
        head = head.next;
    }
}
 
node head1, head2, result;
int carry;
 
// A utility function to push a
// value to linked list
void push(int val, int list)
{
    node newnode = new node(val);
     
    if (list == 1)
    {
        newnode.next = head1;
        head1 = newnode;
    }
    else if (list == 2)
    {
        newnode.next = head2;
        head2 = newnode;
    }
    else
    {
        newnode.next = result;
        result = newnode;
    }
 
}
 
// Adds two linked lists of same size represented by
// head1 and head2 and returns head of the resultant
// linked list. Carry is propagated while returning
// from the recursion
void addsamesize(node n, node m)
{
     
    // Since the function assumes linked
    // lists are of same size, check any
    // of the two head pointers
    if (n == null)
        return;
 
    // Recursively add remaining nodes
    // and get the carry
    addsamesize(n.next, m.next);
 
    // Add digits of current nodes
    // and propagated carry
    int sum = n.val + m.val + carry;
    carry = sum / 10;
    sum = sum % 10;
 
    // Push this to result list
    push(sum, 3);
}
 
node cur;
 
// This function is called after the smaller
// list is added to the bigger lists's sublist
// of same size. Once the right sublist is added,
// the carry must be added to the left side of
// larger list to get the final result.
void propogatecarry(node head1)
{
     
    // If diff. number of nodes are
    // not traversed, add carry
    if (head1 != cur)
    {
        propogatecarry(head1.next);
        int sum = carry + head1.val;
        carry = sum / 10;
        sum %= 10;
 
        // Add this node to the front
        // of the result
        push(sum, 3);
    }
}
 
int getsize(node head)
{
    int count = 0;
    while (head != null)
    {
        count++;
        head = head.next;
    }
    return count;
}
 
// The main function that adds two linked
// lists represented by head1 and head2.
// The sum of two lists is stored in a
// list referred by result
void addlists()
{
     
    // First list is empty
    if (head1 == null)
    {
        result = head2;
        return;
    }
 
    // Second list is empty
    if (head2 == null)
    {
        result = head1;
        return;
    }
 
    int size1 = getsize(head1);
    int size2 = getsize(head2);
 
    // Add same size lists
    if (size1 == size2)
    {
        addsamesize(head1, head2);
    }
    else
    {
         
        // First list should always be
        // larger than second list.
        // If not, swap pointers
        if (size1 < size2)
        {
            node temp = head1;
            head1 = head2;
            head2 = temp;
        }
         
        int diff = Math.Abs(size1 - size2);
 
        // Move diff. number of nodes in
        // first list
        node tmp = head1;
         
        while (diff-- >= 0)
        {
            cur = tmp;
            tmp = tmp.next;
        }
 
        // Get addition of same size lists
        addsamesize(cur, head2);
 
        // Get addition of remaining
        // first list and carry
        propogatecarry(head1);
    }
        // If some carry is still there,
        // add a new node to the front of
        // the result list. e.g. 999 and 87
        if (carry > 0)
            push(carry, 3);
}
 
// Driver code
public static void Main(string []args)
{
    linkedlistATN list = new linkedlistATN();
    list.head1 = null;
    list.head2 = null;
    list.result = null;
    list.carry = 0;
     
    int []arr1 = { 9, 9, 9 };
    int []arr2 = { 1, 8 };
 
    // Create first list as 9->9->9
    for(int i = arr1.Length - 1; i >= 0; --i)
        list.push(arr1[i], 1);
 
    // Create second list as 1->8
    for(int i = arr2.Length - 1; i >= 0; --i)
        list.push(arr2[i], 2);
 
    list.addlists();
 
    list.printlist(list.result);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by rutvik_56




<script>
// A javascript recursive program to add two linked lists
 
  class node {
        constructor(val) {
            this.val = val;
            this.next = null;
        }
    }
 
    // Function to print linked list
    function printlist( head) {
        while (head != null) {
            document.write(head.val + " ");
            head = head.next;
        }
    }
 
    var head1, head2, result;
    var carry;
 
    /* A utility function to push a value to linked list */
    function push(val , list) {
        var newnode = new node(val);
        if (list == 1) {
            newnode.next = head1;
            head1 = newnode;
        } else if (list == 2) {
            newnode.next = head2;
            head2 = newnode;
        } else {
            newnode.next = result;
            result = newnode;
        }
 
    }
 
    // Adds two linked lists of same size represented by
    // head1 and head2 and returns head of the resultant
    // linked list. Carry is propagated while returning
    // from the recursion
    function addsamesize( n,  m) {
        // Since the function assumes linked lists are of
        // same size, check any of the two head pointers
        if (n == null)
            return;
 
        // Recursively add remaining nodes and get the carry
        addsamesize(n.next, m.next);
 
        // add digits of current nodes and propagated carry
        var sum = n.val + m.val + carry;
        carry = parseInt(sum / 10);
        sum = sum % 10;
 
        // Push this to result list
        push(sum, 3);
 
    }
 
    var cur;
 
    // This function is called after the smaller list is
    // added to the bigger lists's sublist of same size.
    // Once the right sublist is added, the carry must be
    // added to the left side of larger list to get the
    // final result.
    function propogatecarry( head1) {
        // If diff. number of nodes are not traversed, add carry
        if (head1 != cur) {
            propogatecarry(head1.next);
            var sum = carry + head1.val;
            carry = parseInt(sum / 10);
            sum %= 10;
 
            // add this node to the front of the result
            push(sum, 3);
        }
    }
 
    function getsize( head) {
        var count = 0;
        while (head != null) {
            count++;
            head = head.next;
        }
        return count;
    }
 
    // The main function that adds two linked lists
    // represented by head1 and head2. The sum of two
    // lists is stored in a list referred by result
    function addlists() {
        // first list is empty
        if (head1 == null) {
            result = head2;
            return;
        }
 
        // first list is empty
        if (head2 == null) {
            result = head1;
            return;
        }
 
        var size1 = getsize(head1);
        var size2 = getsize(head2);
 
        // Add same size lists
        if (size1 == size2) {
            addsamesize(head1, head2);
        } else {
            // First list should always be larger than second list.
            // If not, swap pointers
            if (size1 < size2) {
                var temp = head1;
                head1 = head2;
                head2 = temp;
            }
            var diff = Math.abs(size1 - size2);
 
            // move diff. number of nodes in first list
            var temp = head1;
            while (diff-- >= 0) {
                cur = temp;
                temp = temp.next;
            }
 
            // get addition of same size lists
            addsamesize(cur, head2);
 
            // get addition of remaining first list and carry
            propogatecarry(head1);
        }
        // if some carry is still there, add a new node to
        // the front of the result list. e.g. 999 and 87
        if (carry > 0)
            push(carry, 3);
 
    }
 
    // Driver program to test above functions
     
        head1 = null;
        head2 = null;
        result = null;
        carry = 0;
        var arr1 = [ 9, 9, 9 ];
        var arr2 = [ 1, 8 ];
 
        // Create first list as 9->9->9
        for (i = arr1.length - 1; i >= 0; --i)
            push(arr1[i], 1);
 
        // Create second list as 1->8
        for (i = arr2.length - 1; i >= 0; --i)
            push(arr2[i], 2);
 
        addlists();
 
        printlist(result);
 
// This code is contributed by todaysgaurav
</script>

Output
1 0 1 7

Time Complexity: O(m+n) where m and n are the sizes of given two linked lists.

Iterative Approach:

This implementation does not have any recursion call overhead, which means it is an iterative solution.

Since we need to start adding numbers from the last of the two linked lists. So, here we will use the stack data structure to implement this.




// C++ Iterative program to add two linked lists 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
   
// A linked List Node 
class Node 
    public:
    int data; 
    Node* next; 
};
 
// to push a new node to linked list
void push(Node** head_ref, int new_data) 
    /* allocate node */
    Node* new_node = new Node[(sizeof(Node))]; 
   
    /* put in the data */
    new_node->data = new_data; 
   
    /* link the old list off the new node */
    new_node->next = (*head_ref); 
   
    /* move the head to point to the new node */
    (*head_ref) = new_node; 
}
 
// to add two new numbers
Node* addTwoNumList(Node* l1, Node* l2) {
    stack<int> s1,s2;
    while(l1!=NULL){
        s1.push(l1->data);
        l1=l1->next;
    }
    while(l2!=NULL){
        s2.push(l2->data);
        l2=l2->next;
    }
    int carry=0;
    Node* result=NULL;
    while(s1.empty()==false || s2.empty()==false){
        int a=0,b=0;
        if(s1.empty()==false){
            a=s1.top();s1.pop();
        }
        if(s2.empty()==false){
            b=s2.top();s2.pop();
        }
        int total=a+b+carry;
        Node* temp=new Node();
        temp->data=total%10;
        carry=total/10;
        if(result==NULL){
            result=temp;
        }else{
            temp->next=result;
            result=temp;
        }
    }
    if(carry!=0){
        Node* temp=new Node();
        temp->data=carry;
        temp->next=result;
        result=temp;
    }
    return result;
}
 
// to print a linked list
void printList(Node *node) 
    while (node != NULL) 
    
        cout<<node->data<<" "
        node = node->next; 
    
    cout<<endl; 
}
 
// Driver Code
int main() 
    Node *head1 = NULL, *head2 = NULL; 
   
    int arr1[] = {5, 6, 7}; 
    int arr2[] = {1, 8}; 
   
    int size1 = sizeof(arr1) / sizeof(arr1[0]); 
    int size2 = sizeof(arr2) / sizeof(arr2[0]); 
   
    // Create first list as 5->6->7 
    int i; 
    for (i = size1-1; i >= 0; --i) 
        push(&head1, arr1[i]); 
   
    // Create second list as 1->8 
    for (i = size2-1; i >= 0; --i) 
        push(&head2, arr2[i]); 
     
    Node* result=addTwoNumList(head1, head2);
    printList(result); 
   
    return 0; 
}




// Java Iterative program to add
// two linked lists 
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG{
     
static class Node
{
    int data;
    Node next;
     
    public Node(int data)
    {
        this.data = data;
    }
}
 
static Node l1, l2, result;
 
// To push a new node to linked list
public static void push(int new_data)
{
     
    // Allocate node
    Node new_node = new Node(0);
 
    // Put in the data
    new_node.data = new_data;
 
    // Link the old list off the new node
    new_node.next = l1;
 
    // Move the head to point to the new node
    l1 = new_node;
}
 
public static void push1(int new_data)
{
     
    // Allocate node
    Node new_node = new Node(0);
 
    // Put in the data
    new_node.data = new_data;
 
    // Link the old list off the new node
    new_node.next = l2;
 
    // Move the head to point to
    // the new node
    l2 = new_node;
}
 
// To add two new numbers
public static Node addTwoNumbers()
{
    Stack<Integer> stack1 = new Stack<>();
    Stack<Integer> stack2 = new Stack<>();
 
    while (l1 != null)
    {
        stack1.add(l1.data);
        l1 = l1.next;
    }
 
    while (l2 != null)
    {
        stack2.add(l2.data);
        l2 = l2.next;
    }
 
    int carry = 0;
    Node result = null;
 
    while (!stack1.isEmpty() ||
           !stack2.isEmpty())
    {
        int a = 0, b = 0;
 
        if (!stack1.isEmpty())
        {
            a = stack1.pop();
        }
 
        if (!stack2.isEmpty())
        {
            b = stack2.pop();
        }
 
        int total = a + b + carry;
 
        Node temp = new Node(total % 10);
        carry = total / 10;
 
        if (result == null)
        {
            result = temp;
        }
        else
        {
            temp.next = result;
            result = temp;
        }
    }
 
    if (carry != 0)
    {
        Node temp = new Node(carry);
        temp.next = result;
        result = temp;
    }
    return result;
}
 
// To print a linked list
public static void printList()
{
    while (result != null)
    {
        System.out.print(result.data + " ");
        result = result.next;
    }
    System.out.println();
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    int arr1[] = { 5, 6, 7 };
    int arr2[] = { 1, 8 };
 
    int size1 = 3;
    int size2 = 2;
 
    // Create first list as 5->6->7
    int i;
    for(i = size1 - 1; i >= 0; --i)
        push(arr1[i]);
 
    // Create second list as 1->8
    for(i = size2 - 1; i >= 0; --i)
        push1(arr2[i]);
 
    result = addTwoNumbers();
 
    printList();
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by RohitOberoi




// C# Iterative program to add
// two linked lists 
using System;
using System.Collections;
 
class GFG{
 
  public class Node
  {
    public int data;
    public Node next;
 
    public Node(int data)
    {
      this.data = data;
    }
  }
 
  static Node l1, l2, result;
 
  // To push a new node to linked list
  public static void push(int new_data)
  {
 
    // Allocate node
    Node new_node = new Node(0);
 
    // Put in the data
    new_node.data = new_data;
 
    // Link the old list off the new node
    new_node.next = l1;
 
    // Move the head to point to the new node
    l1 = new_node;
  }
 
  public static void push1(int new_data)
  {
 
    // Allocate node
    Node new_node = new Node(0);
 
    // Put in the data
    new_node.data = new_data;
 
    // Link the old list off the new node
    new_node.next = l2;
 
    // Move the head to point to
    // the new node
    l2 = new_node;
  }
 
  // To add two new numbers
  public static Node addTwoNumbers()
  {
    Stack stack1 = new Stack();
    Stack stack2 = new Stack();
 
    while (l1 != null)
    {
      stack1.Push(l1.data);
      l1 = l1.next;
    }
    while (l2 != null)
    {
      stack2.Push(l2.data);
      l2 = l2.next;
    }
 
    int carry = 0;
    Node result = null;
    while (stack1.Count != 0 ||
           stack2.Count != 0)
    {
      int a = 0, b = 0;
 
      if (stack1.Count != 0)
      {
        a = (int)stack1.Pop();
      }
 
      if (stack2.Count != 0)
      {
        b = (int)stack2.Pop();
      }
 
      int total = a + b + carry;
      Node temp = new Node(total % 10);
      carry = total / 10;
 
      if (result == null)
      {
        result = temp;
      }
      else
      {
        temp.next = result;
        result = temp;
      }
    }
 
    if (carry != 0)
    {
      Node temp = new Node(carry);
      temp.next = result;
      result = temp;
    }
    return result;
  }
 
  // To print a linked list
  public static void printList()
  {
    while (result != null)
    {
      Console.Write(result.data + " ");
      result = result.next;
    }
    Console.WriteLine();
  }
 
  // Driver code
  public static void Main(string[] args)
  {
    int []arr1 = { 5, 6, 7 };
    int []arr2 = { 1, 8 };
    int size1 = 3;
    int size2 = 2;
 
    // Create first list as 5->6->7
    int i;
    for(i = size1 - 1; i >= 0; --i)
      push(arr1[i]);
 
    // Create second list as 1->8
    for(i = size2 - 1; i >= 0; --i)
      push1(arr2[i]);
    result = addTwoNumbers();
    printList();
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by pratham76




<script>
// javascript Iterative program to add
// two linked lists      
class Node {
    constructor(val) {
        this.data = val;
        this.next = null;
    }
}
    var l1, l2, result;
 
    // To push a new node to linked list
    function push(new_data) {
 
        // Allocate node
var new_node = new Node(0);
 
        // Put in the data
        new_node.data = new_data;
 
        // Link the old list off the new node
        new_node.next = l1;
 
        // Move the head to point to the new node
        l1 = new_node;
    }
 
    function push1(new_data) {
 
        // Allocate node
var new_node = new Node(0);
 
        // Put in the data
        new_node.data = new_data;
 
        // Link the old list off the new node
        new_node.next = l2;
 
        // Move the head to point to
        // the new node
        l2 = new_node;
    }
 
    // To add two new numbers
    function addTwoNumbers() {
        var stack1 = [];
        var stack2 = [];
 
        while (l1 != null) {
            stack1.push(l1.data);
            l1 = l1.next;
        }
 
        while (l2 != null) {
            stack2.push(l2.data);
            l2 = l2.next;
        }
 
        var carry = 0;
var result = null;
 
        while (stack1.length != 0 || stack2.length != 0) {
            var a = 0, b = 0;
 
            if (stack1.length != 0) {
                a = stack1.pop();
            }
 
            if (stack2.length != 0) {
                b = stack2.pop();
            }
 
            var total = a + b + carry;
 
    var temp = new Node(total % 10);
            carry = parseInt(total / 10);
 
            if (result == null) {
                result = temp;
            } else {
                temp.next = result;
                result = temp;
            }
        }
 
        if (carry != 0) {
    var temp = new Node(carry);
            temp.next = result;
            result = temp;
        }
        return result;
    }
 
    // To print a linked list
    function printList() {
        while (result != null) {
            document.write(result.data + " ");
            result = result.next;
        }
        document.write();
    }
 
    // Driver code
     
        var arr1 = [ 5, 6, 7 ];
        var arr2 = [ 1, 8 ];
 
        var size1 = 3;
        var size2 = 2;
 
        // Create first list as 5->6->7
        var i;
        for (var i = size1 - 1; i >= 0; --i)
            push(arr1[i]);
 
        // Create second list as 1->8
        for (i = size2 - 1; i >= 0; --i)
            push1(arr2[i]);
 
        result = addTwoNumbers();
 
        printList();
 
// This code contributed by umadevi9616
</script>

Output
5 8 5

Related Article: Add two numbers represented by linked lists | Set 1
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