# Mathematics | Sum of squares of even and odd natural numbers

We know sum squares of first n natural numbers is .

How to compute sum of squares of first n even natural numbers?
We need to compute 22 + 42 + 62 + …. + (2n)2

EvenSum = 22 + 42 + 62 + .... + (2n)2
= 4 x (12 + 22 + 32 + .... + (n)2)
= 4n(n+1)(2n+1)/6
= 2n(n+1)(2n+1)/3


Example:

Sum of squares of first 3 even numbers =
2n(n+1)(2n+1)/3
= 2*3(3+1)(2*3+1)/3
= 56
22 + 42 + 62 = 4 + 16 + 36 = 56

How to compute sum of squares of first n odd natural numbers?
We need to compute 12 + 32 + 52 + …. + (2n-1)2

OddSum  = (Sum of Squares of all 2n numbers) -
(Sum of squares of first n even numbers)
= 2n*(2n+1)*(2*2n + 1)/6 - 2n(n+1)(2n+1)/3
= 2n(2n+1)/6 [4n+1 - 2(n+1)]
= n(2n+1)/3 * (2n-1)
= n(2n+1)(2n-1)/3


Example:

Sum of squares of first 3 odd numbers = n(2n+1)(2n-1)/3
= 3(2*3+1)(2*3-1)/3
= 35
12 + 32 + 52 = 1 + 9 + 25 = 35 My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up

Improved By : VaibhavRai3

Article Tags :

Be the First to upvote.

Please write to us at contribute@geeksforgeeks.org to report any issue with the above content.