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# Sum of multiples of Array elements within a given range [L, R]

• Last Updated : 08 Jul, 2021

Given an array arr[] of positive integers and two integers L and R, the task is to find the sum of all multiples of the array elements in the range [L, R].

Examples:

Input: arr[] = {2, 7, 3, 8}, L = 7, R = 20
Output: 197
Explanation:
In the range 7 to 20:
Sum of multiples of 2: 8 + 10 + 12 + 14 + 16 + 18 + 20 = 98
Sum of multiples of 7: 7 + 14 = 21
Sum of multiples of 3: 9 + 12 + 15 + 18 = 54
Sum of multiples of 8: 8 + 16 = 24
Total sum of all multiples = 98 + 21 + 54 + 24 = 197

Input: arr[] = {5, 6, 7, 8, 9}, L = 39, R = 100
Output: 3278

Naive Approach: The naive idea is for each element in the given array arr[] find the multiple of the element in the range [L, R] and print the sum of all the multiples.

Time Complexity: O(N*(L-R))
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Efficient Approach: To optimize the above naive approach we will use the concept discussed below:

1. For any integer X, the number of multiples of X till any integer Y is given by Y/X.
2. Let N = Y/X
Then, the sum of all the above multiple is given by X*N*(N-1)/2.

For Example:

For X = 2 and Y = 12
Sum of multiple is:
=> 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + 10 + 12
=> 2*(1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6)
=> 2*(6*5)/2
=> 20.

Using the above concept the problem can be solved using the below steps:

1. Calculate the sum of all multiples of arr[i] up to R using the above-discussed formula.
2. Calculate the sum of all multiples of arr[i] up to L – 1 using the above-discussed formula.
3. Subtract the above two values in the above steps to get the sum of all multiples between ranges [L, R].
4. Repeat the above process for all the elements and print the sum.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ program for the above approach``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to find the sum of all``// multiples of N up to K``int` `calcSum(``int` `k, ``int` `n)``{``    ``// Calculate the sum``    ``int` `value = (k * n * (n``                          ``+ 1))``                ``/ 2;``    ``// Return the sum``    ``return` `value;``}` `// Function to find the total sum``int` `findSum(``int``* a, ``int` `n, ``int` `L, ``int` `R)``{``    ``int` `sum = 0;``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++) {` `        ``// Calculating sum of multiples``        ``// for each element` `        ``// If L is divisible by a[i]``        ``if` `(L % a[i] == 0 && L != 0) {``            ``sum += calcSum(a[i], R / a[i])``                   ``- calcSum(a[i],``                             ``(L - 1) / a[i]);``        ``}` `        ``// Otherwise``        ``else` `{``            ``sum += calcSum(a[i], R / a[i])``                   ``- calcSum(a[i], L / a[i]);``        ``}``    ``}` `    ``// Return the final sum``    ``return` `sum;``}` `// Driver Code``int` `main()``{``    ``// Given array arr[]``    ``int` `arr[] = { 2, 7, 3, 8 };` `    ``int` `N = ``sizeof``(arr) / ``sizeof``(arr);` `    ``// Given range``    ``int` `L = 7;``    ``int` `R = 20;` `    ``// Function Call``    ``cout << findSum(arr, N, L, R);``    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java program for the above approach``import` `java.io.*;` `class` `GFG{``    ` `// Function to find the sum of``// all multiples of N up to K``static` `int` `calcSum(``int` `k, ``int` `n)``{``    ` `    ``// Calculate the sum``    ``int` `value = (k * n * (n + ``1``)) / ``2``;``    ` `    ``// Return the sum``    ``return` `value;``}` `// Function to find the total sum``static` `int` `findSum(``int``[] a, ``int` `n,``                   ``int` `L, ``int` `R)``{``    ``int` `sum = ``0``;``    ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < n; i++)``    ``{``       ` `       ``// Calculating sum of multiples``       ``// for each element``       ` `       ``// If L is divisible by a[i]``       ``if` `(L % a[i] == ``0` `&& L != ``0``)``       ``{``           ``sum += calcSum(a[i], R / a[i]) -``                  ``calcSum(a[i], (L - ``1``) / a[i]);``       ``}``       ` `       ``// Otherwise``       ``else``       ``{``           ``sum += calcSum(a[i], R / a[i]) -``                  ``calcSum(a[i], L / a[i]);``       ``}``    ``}` `    ``// Return the final sum``    ``return` `sum;``}` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `main (String[] args)``{``    ` `    ``// Given array arr[]``    ``int` `arr[] = { ``2``, ``7``, ``3``, ``8` `};` `    ``int` `N = arr.length;` `    ``// Given range``    ``int` `L = ``7``;``    ``int` `R = ``20``;` `    ``// Function Call``    ``System.out.println(findSum(arr, N, L, R));``}``}` `// This code is contributed by shubhamsingh10`

## Python3

 `# Python3 program for the above approach` `# Function to find the sum of``# all multiples of N up to K``def` `calcSum(k, n):` `    ``# Calculate the sum``    ``value ``=` `(k ``*` `n ``*` `(n ``+` `1``)) ``/``/` `2``    ` `    ``# Return the sum``    ``return` `value``    ` `# Function to find the total sum``def` `findSum(a, n, L, R):` `    ``sum` `=` `0``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(n):``        ` `        ``# Calculating sum of multiples``        ``# for each element``        ` `        ``# If L is divisible by a[i]``        ``if` `(L ``%` `a[i] ``=``=` `0` `and` `L !``=` `0``):``            ``sum` `+``=` `(calcSum(a[i], R ``/``/` `a[i]) ``-``                    ``calcSum(a[i], (L ``-` `1``) ``/``/` `a[i]))``        ` `        ``# Otherwise``        ``else``:``            ``sum` `+``=` `(calcSum(a[i], R ``/``/` `a[i]) ``-``                    ``calcSum(a[i], L ``/``/` `a[i]))``    ` `    ``# Return the final sum``    ``return` `sum``;` `# Driver code``if` `__name__``=``=``"__main__"``:``    ` `    ``# Given array arr[]``    ``arr ``=` `[ ``2``, ``7``, ``3``, ``8` `]` `    ``N ``=` `len``(arr)` `    ``# Given range``    ``L ``=` `7``    ``R ``=` `20` `    ``# Function call``    ``print``(findSum(arr, N, L, R))    ` `# This code is contributed by rutvik_56`

## C#

 `// C# program for the above approach``using` `System;``class` `GFG{``     ` `// Function to find the sum of``// all multiples of N up to K``static` `int` `calcSum(``int` `k, ``int` `n)``{``     ` `    ``// Calculate the sum``    ``int` `value = (k * n * (n + 1)) / 2;``     ` `    ``// Return the sum``    ``return` `value;``}`` ` `// Function to find the total sum``static` `int` `findSum(``int``[] a, ``int` `n,``                   ``int` `L, ``int` `R)``{``    ``int` `sum = 0;``    ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++)``    ``{``        ` `       ``// Calculating sum of multiples``       ``// for each element``        ` `       ``// If L is divisible by a[i]``       ``if` `(L % a[i] == 0 && L != 0)``       ``{``           ``sum += calcSum(a[i], R / a[i]) -``                  ``calcSum(a[i], (L - 1) / a[i]);``       ``}``        ` `       ``// Otherwise``       ``else``       ``{``           ``sum += calcSum(a[i], R / a[i]) -``                  ``calcSum(a[i], L / a[i]);``       ``}``    ``}`` ` `    ``// Return the final sum``    ``return` `sum;``}`` ` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `Main (``string``[] args)``{``     ` `    ``// Given array arr[]``    ``int` `[]arr = ``new` `int``[]{ 2, 7, 3, 8 };`` ` `    ``int` `N = arr.Length;`` ` `    ``// Given range``    ``int` `L = 7;``    ``int` `R = 20;`` ` `    ``// Function Call``    ``Console.Write(findSum(arr, N, L, R));``}``}`` ` `// This code is contributed by Ritik Bansal`

## Javascript

 ``
Output:
`197`

Time Complexity: O(N), where N is the number of elements in the given array.
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

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