# Sum of all proper divisors of a natural number

Given a natural number, calculate sum of all its proper divisors. A proper divisor of a natural number is the divisor that is strictly less than the number. **For example**, number 20 has 5 proper divisors: 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, and the divisor summation is: 1 + 2 + 4 + 5 + 10 = 22.**Examples :**

Input : num = 10 Output: 8 // proper divisors 1 + 2 + 5 = 8 Input : num = 36 Output: 55 // proper divisors 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 6 + 9 + 12 + 18 = 55

This problem has very **simple solution**, we all know that for any number ‘num’ all its divisors are always less than and equal to ‘num/2’ and all prime factors are always less than and equal to **sqrt(num)**. So we iterate through ‘i’ till i<=sqrt(num) and for any ‘i’ if it divides ‘num’ , then we get two divisors ‘i’ and ‘num/i’ , continuously add these divisors but for some numbers divisors ‘i’ and ‘num/i’ will same in this case just add only one divisor , e.g; num=36 so for i=6 we will get (num/i)=6 , that’s why we will at 6 in the summation only once. Finally we add one as one is divisor of all natural numbers.

## C++

`// C++ program to find sum of all divisors of` `// a natural number` `#include<bits/stdc++.h>` `using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to calculate sum of all proper divisors` `// num --> given natural number` `int` `divSum(` `int` `num)` `{` ` ` `// Final result of summation of divisors` ` ` `int` `result = 0;` ` ` `if` `(num == 1) ` `// there will be no proper divisor` ` ` `return` `result;` ` ` `// find all divisors which divides 'num'` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i=2; i<=` `sqrt` `(num); i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// if 'i' is divisor of 'num'` ` ` `if` `(num%i==0)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// if both divisors are same then add` ` ` `// it only once else add both` ` ` `if` `(i==(num/i))` ` ` `result += i;` ` ` `else` ` ` `result += (i + num/i);` ` ` `}` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Add 1 to the result as 1 is also a divisor` ` ` `return` `(result + 1);` `}` `// Driver program to run the case` `int` `main()` `{` ` ` `int` `num = 36;` ` ` `cout << divSum(num);` ` ` `return` `0;` `}` |

## Java

`// JAVA program to find sum of all divisors` `// of a natural number` `import` `java.math.*;` `class` `GFG {` ` ` ` ` `// Function to calculate sum of all proper` ` ` `// divisors num --> given natural number` ` ` `static` `int` `divSum(` `int` `num)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// Final result of summation of divisors` ` ` `int` `result = ` `0` `;` ` ` ` ` `// find all divisors which divides 'num'` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = ` `2` `; i <= Math.sqrt(num); i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// if 'i' is divisor of 'num'` ` ` `if` `(num % i == ` `0` `)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// if both divisors are same then` ` ` `// add it only once else add both` ` ` `if` `(i == (num / i))` ` ` `result += i;` ` ` `else` ` ` `result += (i + num / i);` ` ` `}` ` ` `}` ` ` ` ` `// Add 1 to the result as 1 is also` ` ` `// a divisor` ` ` `return` `(result + ` `1` `);` ` ` `}` ` ` ` ` `// Driver program to run the case` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)` ` ` `{` ` ` `int` `num = ` `36` `;` ` ` `System.out.println(divSum(num));` ` ` `}` `}` `/*This code is contributed by Nikita Tiwari*/` |

## Python

`# PYTHON program to find sum of all` `# divisors of a natural number` `import` `math` ` ` `# Function to calculate sum of all proper` `# divisors num --> given natural number` `def` `divSum(num) :` ` ` ` ` `# Final result of summation of divisors` ` ` `result ` `=` `0` ` ` ` ` `# find all divisors which divides 'num'` ` ` `i ` `=` `2` ` ` `while` `i<` `=` `(math.sqrt(num)) :` ` ` ` ` `# if 'i' is divisor of 'num'` ` ` `if` `(num ` `%` `i ` `=` `=` `0` `) :` ` ` ` ` `# if both divisors are same then` ` ` `# add it only once else add both` ` ` `if` `(i ` `=` `=` `(num ` `/` `i)) :` ` ` `result ` `=` `result ` `+` `i;` ` ` `else` `:` ` ` `result ` `=` `result ` `+` `(i ` `+` `num` `/` `i);` ` ` `i ` `=` `i ` `+` `1` ` ` ` ` `# Add 1 to the result as 1 is also` ` ` `# a divisor` ` ` `return` `(result ` `+` `1` `);` ` ` `# Driver program to run the case` `num ` `=` `36` `print` `(divSum(num))` `# This code is contributed by Nikita Tiwari` |

## C#

`// C# program to find sum of all` `// divisorsof a natural number` `using` `System;` `class` `GFG {` ` ` ` ` `// Function to calculate sum of all proper` ` ` `// divisors num --> given natural number` ` ` `static` `int` `divSum(` `int` `num)` ` ` `{` ` ` ` ` `// Final result of summation of divisors` ` ` `int` `result = 0;` ` ` ` ` `// find all divisors which divides 'num'` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 2; i <= Math.Sqrt(num); i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` ` ` `// if 'i' is divisor of 'num'` ` ` `if` `(num % i == 0)` ` ` `{` ` ` ` ` `// if both divisors are same then` ` ` `// add it only once else add both` ` ` `if` `(i == (num / i))` ` ` `result += i;` ` ` `else` ` ` `result += (i + num / i);` ` ` `}` ` ` `}` ` ` ` ` `// Add 1 to the result as 1` ` ` `// is also a divisor` ` ` `return` `(result + 1);` ` ` `}` ` ` ` ` `// Driver Code` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `Main()` ` ` `{` ` ` `int` `num = 36;` ` ` `Console.Write(divSum(num));` ` ` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by Nitin Mittal.` |

## PHP

`<?php` `// PHP program to find sum of` `// all divisors of a natural number` `// Function to calculate sum of` `// all proper divisors` `// num --> given natural number` `function` `divSum(` `$num` `)` `{` ` ` `// Final result of` ` ` `// summation of divisors` ` ` `$result` `= 0;` ` ` `// find all divisors` ` ` `// which divides 'num'` ` ` `for` `(` `$i` `= 2; ` `$i` `<= sqrt(` `$num` `);` ` ` `$i` `++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// if 'i' is divisor of 'num'` ` ` `if` `(` `$num` `% ` `$i` `== 0)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// if both divisors are` ` ` `// same then add it only` ` ` `// once else add both` ` ` `if` `(` `$i` `== (` `$num` `/ ` `$i` `))` ` ` `$result` `+= ` `$i` `;` ` ` `else` ` ` `$result` `+= (` `$i` `+ ` `$num` `/ ` `$i` `);` ` ` `}` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Add 1 to the result as` ` ` `// 1 is also a divisor` ` ` `return` `(` `$result` `+ 1);` `}` `// Driver Code` `$num` `= 36;` `echo` `(divSum(` `$num` `));` `// This code is contributed by Ajit.` `?>` |

## Javascript

`<script>` `// Javascript program to find sum of all divisors of` `// a natural number` `// Function to calculate sum of all proper divisors` `// num --> given natural number` `function` `divSum(num)` `{` ` ` `// Final result of summation of divisors` ` ` `let result = 0;` ` ` `// find all divisors which divides 'num'` ` ` `for` `(let i=2; i<=Math.sqrt(num); i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// if 'i' is divisor of 'num'` ` ` `if` `(num%i==0)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// if both divisors are same then add` ` ` `// it only once else add both` ` ` `if` `(i==(num/i))` ` ` `result += i;` ` ` `else` ` ` `result += (i + num/i);` ` ` `}` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Add 1 to the result as 1 is also a divisor` ` ` `return` `(result + 1);` `}` `// Driver program to run the case` ` ` `let num = 36;` ` ` `document.write(divSum(num));` ` ` `// This code is contributed by Mayank Tyagi` ` ` `</script>` |

**Output :**

55

Please refer below post for an optimized solution and formula. **Efficient solution for sum of all the factors of a number**

This article is contributed by **Shashank Mishra ( Gullu )**. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important mathematical concepts for competitive programming with the **Essential Maths for CP Course** at a student-friendly price. To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more, please refer **Complete Interview Preparation Course****.**