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Sum of all numbers divisible by 6 in a given range

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 06 Apr, 2021

Given a range L-R, find the sum of all numbers divisible by 6 in range L-R
L and R are very large.
Examples: 
 

Input : 1 20
Output : 36 
Explanation: 6 + 12 + 18 = 36 

Input : 5 7  
Output : 6
Explanation: 6 is the only divisible number 
in range 5-7 

 

A naive approach is be to run a loop from L to R and sum up all the numbers divisible by 6.
An efficient approach is to sum all the numbers divisible by 6 up to R in sum, and sum all numbers divisible by 6 up to L-1. And then there subtraction will be the answer. 
sum = 6 + 12 + 8 + …….(R/6)terms. 
sum = 6(1 + 2 + 3……R/6 terms)
 

sumR = 3 * (R/6) * (R/6+1) 

similarly we get 
 



sumL as 3 * ((L-1)/6) * ((L-1/6)+1) 

and the final answer as sumR – sumL.
 

C++




// CPP program to find sum of numbers divisible
// by 6 in a given range.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// function to calculate the sum of
// all numbers divisible by 6 in range L-R..
int sum(int L, int R)
{
    // no of multiples of 6 upto r
    int p = R / 6;
 
    // no of multiples of 6 upto l-1
    int q = (L - 1) / 6;
 
    // summation of all multiples of 6 upto r
    int sumR = 3 * (p * (p + 1));
 
    // summation of all multiples of 6 upto l-1
    int sumL = (q * (q + 1)) * 3;
 
    // returns the answer
    return sumR - sumL;
}
 
// driver program to test the above function
int main()
{
    int L = 1, R = 20;
    cout << sum(L, R);
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to find sum of numbers
// divisible by 6 in a given range.
import java.io.*;
class GFG {
 
// function to calculate the sum
// of all numbers divisible by 6
// in range L-R..
static int sum(int L, int R)
{
    // no of multiples of 6 upto r
    int p = R / 6;
 
    // no of multiples of 6 upto l-1
    int q = (L - 1) / 6;
 
    // summation of all multiples of
    // 6 upto r
    int sumR = 3 * (p * (p + 1));
 
    // summation of all multiples of
    // 6 upto l-1
    int sumL = (q * (q + 1)) * 3;
 
    // returns the answer
    return sumR - sumL;
}
 
// driver program
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    int L = 1, R = 20;
    System.out.println(sum(L, R));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Prerna Saini

Python




# Python3 program to find sum of numbers divisible
# by 6 in a given range.
 
def sumDivisible(L, R):
   
    # no of multiples of 6 upto r
    p = int(R/6)
 
    # no of multiples of 6 upto l-1
    q = int((L-1)/6)
 
    # summation of all multiples of 6 upto r
    sumR = 3 * (p * (p + 1))
 
    # summation of all multiples of 6 upto l-1
    sumL = (q * (q + 1)) * 3
 
    # returns the answer
    return sumR - sumL
 
# driver code
L = 1
R = 20
print(sumDivisible(L,R))
 
# This code is contributed by 'Abhishek Sharma 44'.

C#




// C# program to find sum of numbers
// divisible by 6 in a given range.
using System;
 
class GFG {
     
    // function to calculate the sum
    // of all numbers divisible by 6
    // in range L-R..
    static int sum(int L, int R)
    {
         
        // no of multiples of 6 upto r
        int p = R / 6;
     
        // no of multiples of 6 upto l-1
        int q = (L - 1) / 6;
     
        // summation of all multiples of
        // 6 upto r
        int sumR = 3 * (p * (p + 1));
     
        // summation of all multiples of
        // 6 upto l-1
        int sumL = (q * (q + 1)) * 3;
     
        // returns the answer
        return sumR - sumL;
    }
     
    // driver program
    public static void Main()
    {
        int L = 1, R = 20;
         
        Console.WriteLine(sum(L, R));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Anant Agarwal.

PHP




<?php
// PHP program to find sum of numbers
// divisible by 6 in a given range.
 
// function to calculate the sum of
// all numbers divisible by 6 in range L-R..
function sum($L, $R)
{
     
    // no of multiples of 6 upto r
    $p = intval($R / 6);
 
    // no of multiples of 6 upto l-1
    $q = intval(($L - 1) / 6);
 
    // summation of all multiples
    // of 6 upto r
    $sumR = intval(3 * ($p * ($p + 1)));
 
    // summation of all multiples
    // of 6 upto l-1
    $sumL = intval(($q * ($q + 1)) * 3);
 
    // returns the answer
    return $sumR - $sumL;
}
 
// Driver Code
$L = 1;
$R = 20;
echo sum($L, $R);
 
// This code is contributed by Sam007
?>

Javascript




// Javascript program to find sum of numbers divisible
// by 6 in a given range.
<script>
     
    // function to calculate the sum of
    // all numbers divisible by 6 in range L-R..
    function sum(L, R)
    {
        // no of multiples of 6 upto r
        let p = Math.floor(R / 6);
 
        // no of multiples of 6 upto l-1
        let q = Math.floor((L - 1) / 6);
 
        // summation of all multiples of 6 upto r
        let sumR = Math.floor(3 * (p * (p + 1)));
 
        // summation of all multiples of 6 upto l-1
        let sumL = Math.floor((q * (q + 1)) * 3);
 
        // returns the answer
        return sumR - sumL;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    let L = 1, R = 20;
    document.write(sum(L, R));
     
    // This code is contributed by ajaykrsharma132.
</script>

Output: 
 

36

Time Complexity: O(1)
 

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