Sum of maximum elements of all subsets

• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 28 May, 2021

Given an array of integer numbers, we need to find sum of maximum number of all possible subsets.
Examples:

Input  : arr = {3, 2, 5}
Output : 28
Explanation :
Subsets and their maximum are,
{}            maximum = 0
{3}             maximum = 3
{2}            maximum = 2
{5}            maximum = 5
{3, 2}            maximum = 3
{3, 5}            maximum = 5
{2, 5}            maximum = 5
{3, 2, 5}        maximum = 5
Sum of maximum will be, 0 + 3 + 2 + 5 + 3 + 5 + 5 + 5 = 28,

A simple solution is to iterate through all subsets of array and finding maximum of all of them and then adding them in our answer, but this approach will lead us to exponential time complexity.
An efficient solution is based on one thing, how many subsets of array have a particular element as their maximum. As in above example, four subsets have 5 as their maximum, two subsets have 3 as their maximum and one subset has 2 as its maximum. The idea is to compute these frequencies corresponding to each element of array. Once we have frequencies, we can just multiply them with array values and sum them all, which will lead to our final result.
To find frequencies, first we sort the array in non-increasing order and when we are standing at a[i] we know, all element from a[i + 1] to a[N-1] are smaller than a[i], so any subset made by these element will choose a[i] as its maximum so count of such subsets corresponding to a[i] will be, 2^(N – i – 1) (total subset made by array elements from a[i + 1] to a[N]). If same procedure is applied for all elements of array, we will get our final answer as,
res = a*2^(N-1) + a*2^(N-2) ….. + a[i]*2^(N-i-1) + ….. + a[N-1]*2^(0)
Now if we solve above equation as it is, calculating powers of 2 will take time at each index, instead we can reform the equation similar to horner’s rule for simplification,
res = a[N] + 2*(a[N-1] + 2*(a[N-2] + 2*( …… 2*(a + 2*a)…..))))
Total complexity of above solution will be O(N*log(N))

C++

 // C/C++ code to find sum of maximum of all subsets of array#include using namespace std; // Method returns sum of maximum of all subsetsint sumOfMaximumOfSubsets(int arr[], int N){    //    sorting array in decreasing order    sort(arr, arr + N, greater());     //    initializing sum with first element    int sum = arr;    for (int i = 1; i < N; i++)    {        // calculating evaluation similar to horner's rule        sum = 2 * sum + arr[i];    }     return sum;} // Driver code to test above methodsint main(){    int arr[] = {3, 2, 5};    int N = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr);    cout << sumOfMaximumOfSubsets(arr, N) << endl;    return 0;}

Java

 import java.util.Arrays;import java.util.Collections; // Java code to find sum of// maximum of all subsets of arrayclass GFG{     // Method returns sum of maximum of all subsets    static int sumOfMaximumOfSubsets(Integer arr[], int N)    {        // sorting array in decreasing order        Arrays.sort(arr, Collections.reverseOrder());         // initializing sum with first element        int sum = arr;        for (int i = 1; i < N; i++)        {            // calculating evaluation similar to horner's rule            sum = 2 * sum + arr[i];        }         return sum;    }     // Driver code    public static void main(String[] args)    {        Integer arr[] = {3, 2, 5};        int N = arr.length;        System.out.println(sumOfMaximumOfSubsets(arr, N));    }} /* This code contributed by PrinciRaj1992 */

Python3

 # Python 3 code to find sum# of maximum of all subsets# of array # Method returns sum of# maximum of all subsetsdef sumOfMaximumOfSubsets(arr, N):     # sorting array in    # decreasing order    arr.sort(reverse = True)     # initializing sum    # with first element    sum = arr    for i in range(1, N):             # calculating evaluation        # similar to horner's rule        sum = 2 * sum + arr[i]     return sum # Driver codearr = [3, 2, 5]N = len(arr)print(sumOfMaximumOfSubsets(arr, N)) # This code is contributed# by Smitha

C#

 // C# code to find sum of// maximum of all subsets of arrayusing System; class GFG{     // Method returns sum of maximum of all subsets    static int sumOfMaximumOfSubsets(int []arr, int N)    {        // sorting array in decreasing order        Array.Sort(arr);        Array.Reverse(arr);         // initializing sum with first element        int sum = arr;        for (int i = 1; i < N; i++)        {            // calculating evaluation            // similar to horner's rule            sum = 2 * sum + arr[i];        }         return sum;    }     // Driver code    public static void Main(String[] args)    {        int []arr = {3, 2, 5};        int N = arr.Length;        Console.WriteLine(sumOfMaximumOfSubsets(arr, N));    }} // This code has been contributed by 29AjayKumar



Javascript



Output:

28

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