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Substring in Java

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 07 Jul, 2021

There are two variants of the substring() method. This article depicts all of them, as follows : 

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1. String substring(): This method has two variants and returns a new string that is a substring of this string. The substring begins with the character at the specified index and extends to the end of this string. And index of substring starts from 1 and not from 0.

Syntax : 
public String substring(int begIndex)
Parameters : 
begIndex : the begin index, inclusive.
Return Value : 
The specified substring.

Java




// Java code to demonstrate the
// working of substring(int begIndex)
public class Substr1 {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
 
        // Initializing String
        String Str = new String("Welcome to geeksforgeeks");
 
        // using substring() to extract substring
        // returns (whiteSpace)geeksforgeeks
       
        System.out.print("The extracted substring is : ");
        System.out.println(Str.substring(10));
    }
}

Output: 



The extracted substring is :  geeksforgeeks

2. String substring(begIndex, endIndex): This method has two variants and returns a new string that is a substring of this string. The substring begins with the character at the specified index and extends to the end of this string or up to endIndex – 1 if the second argument is given. 

Syntax : 
public String substring(int begIndex, int endIndex)
Parameters : 
beginIndex :  the begin index, inclusive.
endIndex :  the end index, exclusive.
Return Value : 
The specified substring.

Java




// Java code to demonstrate the
// working of substring(int begIndex, int endIndex)
public class Substr2 {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
 
        // Initializing String
        String Str = new String("Welcome to geeksforgeeks");
 
        // using substring() to extract substring
        // returns geeks
        System.out.print("The extracted substring  is : ");
        System.out.println(Str.substring(10, 16));
    }
}

Output: 

The extracted substring  is :  geeks

Possible application: The substring extraction finds its use in many applications including prefix and suffix extraction. For example to extract a Lastname from the name or extract only denomination from a string containing both amount and currency symbol. The latter one is explained below.  

Java




// Java code to demonstrate the
// application of substring()
public class Appli {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
 
        // Initializing String
        String Str = new String("Rs 1000");
 
        // Printing original string
        System.out.print("The original string  is : ");
        System.out.println(Str);
 
        // using substring() to extract substring
        // returns 1000
        System.out.print("The extracted substring  is : ");
        System.out.println(Str.substring(3));
    }
}

Output : 

The original string  is : Rs 1000
The extracted substring  is : 1000

This article is contributed by Astha Tyagi. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to review-team@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks. 
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.
 




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