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String slicing in Python to rotate a string

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 23 Nov, 2020

Given a string of size n, write functions to perform following operations on string.

  1. Left (Or anticlockwise) rotate the given string by d elements (where d <= n).
  2. Right (Or clockwise) rotate the given string by d elements (where d <= n).


Input : s = "GeeksforGeeks"
        d = 2
Output : Left Rotation  : "eksforGeeksGe" 
         Right Rotation : "ksGeeksforGee"  

Input : s = "qwertyu" 
        d = 2
Output : Left rotation : "ertyuqw"
         Right rotation : "yuqwert"

We have existing solution for this problem please refer Left Rotation and Right Rotation of a String link. We will solve this problem quickly in python using String Slicing. Approach is very simple,

  1. Separate string in two parts first & second, for Left rotation Lfirst = str[0 : d] and Lsecond = str[d :]. For Right rotation Rfirst = str[0 : len(str)-d] and Rsecond = str[len(str)-d : ].
  2. Now concatenate these two parts second + first accordingly.

# Function to rotate string left and right by d length 
def rotate(input,d): 
    # slice string in two parts for left and right 
    Lfirst = input[0 : d] 
    Lsecond = input[d :] 
    Rfirst = input[0 : len(input)-d] 
    Rsecond = input[len(input)-d : ] 
    # now concatenate two parts together 
    print ("Left Rotation : ", (Lsecond + Lfirst) )
    print ("Right Rotation : ", (Rsecond + Rfirst)) 
# Driver program 
if __name__ == "__main__"
    input = 'GeeksforGeeks'


Left Rotation  : eksforGeeksGe 
Right Rotation : ksGeeksforGee

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