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String from prefix and suffix of given two strings

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 01 Aug, 2022
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Given two strings a and b, form a new string of length l, from these strings by combining the prefix of string a and suffix of string b.

Examples : 

Input : string a = remuneration
        string b = acquiesce
        length of pre/suffix(l) = 5
Output :remuniesce

Input : adulation
        obstreperous
        6
Output :adulatperous

Approach : 

  1.  Get first l letters from string a, and last l letters from string b. 
  2. Combine both results, and this will be resultant string.

Implementation:

C++




// CPP code to form new string from
// pre/suffix of given strings.
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Returns a string which contains first l
// characters of 'a' and last l characters of 'b'.
string GetPrefixSuffix(string a, string b, int l)
{
    // Getting prefix of first
    // string of given length
    string prefix = a.substr(0, l);
     
    // length of string b
    int lb = b.length();
     
    // Calculating suffix of second string
    string suffix = b.substr(lb - l);
     
    // Concatenating both prefix and suffix
    return (prefix + suffix);
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    string a = "remuneration" ,
           b = "acquiesce";
    int l = 5;
    cout << GetPrefixSuffix(a, b, l);
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java Program to form new string
// from pre/suffix of given strings
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG
{
    // Returns a string which contains first l
    // characters of 'a' and last l characters of 'b'.
    public static String prefixSuffix(String a,
                                      String b,
                                      int l)
    {
        // Calculating prefix of first
        // string of given length
        String prefix = a.substring(0, l);
        int lb = b.length();
 
        // Calculating suffix of second
        // string of given length
        String suffix = b.substring(lb - l);
        return (prefix + suffix);
    }
     
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[])
                            throws IOException
    {
        String a = "remuneration" ,
               b = "acquiesce";
        int l = 5;
        System.out.println(prefixSuffix(a, b, l));
    }
}

Python3




# Python code to form new from
# pre/suffix of given strings.
 
# Returns a string which contains first l
# characters of 'a' and last l characters of 'b'.
def GetPrefixSuffix(a, b, l):
    # Getting prefix of first
    # of given length
    prefix = a[: l];
     
    # length of string b
    lb = len(b);
     
    # Calculating suffix of second string
    suffix = b[lb - l:];
     
    # Concatenating both prefix and suffix
    return (prefix + suffix);
 
 
# Driver code
a = "remuneration";
b = "acquiesce";
l = 5;
print(GetPrefixSuffix(a, b, l));
 
 
# This code contributed by Rajput-Ji

C#




// C# Program to form new string
// from pre/suffix of given strings.
using System;
 
class GFG
{
    // Returns a string which contains first l
    // characters of 'a' and last l characters of 'b'.
    public static String prefixSuffix(String a,
                                      String b,
                                      int l)
    {
        // Calculating prefix of first
        // string of given length
        String prefix = a.Substring(0, l);
        int lb = b.Length;
 
        // Calculating suffix of second
        // string of given length
        String suffix = b.Substring(lb - l);
        return (prefix + suffix);
    }
     
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main()
    {
        String a = "remuneration" ,
               b = "acquiesce";
        int l = 5;
        Console.Write(prefixSuffix(a, b, l));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Nitin Mittal.

PHP




<?php
// PHP code to form new string from
// pre/suffix of given strings.
 
// Returns a string which contains
// first l characters of 'a' and
// last l characters of 'b'.
function GetPrefixSuffix($a, $b, $l)
{
     
    // Getting prefix of first
    // string of given length
    $prefix = substr($a, 0, $l);
     
    // length of string b
    $lb = strlen($b);
     
    // Calculating suffix of
    // second string
    $suffix = substr($b, $lb - $l);
     
    // Concatenating both
    // prefix and suffix
    return ($prefix.$suffix);
}
 
    // Driver code
    $a = "remuneration";
    $b = "acquiesce";
    $l = 5;
    echo GetPrefixSuffix($a, $b, $l);
     
// This code is contributed by Sam007
?>

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript Program to form new string
// from pre/suffix of given strings
 
// Returns a string which contains first l
// characters of 'a' and last l characters of 'b'.
function prefixSuffix(a, b, l)
{
    // Calculating prefix of first
    // string of given length
    var prefix = a.substring(0, l);
    var lb = b.length;
 
    // Calculating suffix of second
    // string of given length
    var suffix = b.substring(lb - l);
    return (prefix + suffix);
}
 
// Driver code
 
var a = "remuneration" ,
        b = "acquiesce";
 var l = 5;
 document.write(prefixSuffix(a, b, l));
  
// This code contributed by shikhasingrajput
 
</script>

Output

remuniesce


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