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Storing Output on a File in Julia
  • Last Updated : 25 May, 2021

Julia provides a vast library to store and save the output in multiple file formats. We can store the output in various forms such as CSV(comma-separated value) or in Excel or just simply a text file.

Storing Data on Text File

Using open() function

In order to store the data in a text file, we need to use open() function with “w” flag which allows us to write output to a file. The open function takes two parameters first the filename and second the mode you need the file to open. 

In order to store data in a text file, we need to use the .txt  extension after the filename. Also if the file is not present it will create the file for you. The console prints the numbers of characters in the file.

Example:

Julia






# Output in a txt file
# opening file with .txt extension and in write mode
 
# let the ans be the output of a question
ans = "Hello World"
 
open("geek.txt", "w") do file
    write(file, ans)
end

Using DelimitedFiles.writedlm() function

Another method to store data is to use DelimitedFiles.writedlm() function. The function takes two parameters the first is the filename and the second parameter is output. In order to use this function, we need to import DelimitedFiles.

Example:

Julia




# importing the module
using DelimitedFiles
 
# The number is the output of random numbers
numbers = rand(5)
 
writedlm("geek.txt", numbers)

 
 

Storing Data on CSV File

Using CSV.jl library

 

We can store data on CSV files by importing a library CSV.jl which provides various functions related to storing reading and writing output into a CSV file. It provides more control than other methods. We also need to install the DataFrame package.



 

In order to use this, we need to install the package. To install type the following in Julia console.

 

# importing the Pkg module
using Pkg
Pkg.add("CSV")

# installing the DataFrame
Pkg.add("DataFrames")

 

 Now to store output we just need to import it.

 

Example:

 

Julia




# importing the required module
using CSV, DataFrames
 
# a 2d array of random numbers
numbers = rand(5, 5)
 
# using write method
CSV.write("geek.csv", DataFrame(numbers),
                         header = false)                                                        



Using DelimitedFiles.writedlm() function

Another way to store data is to use DelimitedFiles.writedlm() function. The function takes two parameters the first is the filename and the second parameter is output. In order to use this function, we need to import DelimitedFiles. Here also file extension must be .csv.

Example:

Julia




# importing DelimitedFiles
using DelimitedFiles
 
# Here numbers is a 2d array
numbers = rand(5, 5)
 
# Since it is a comma seperated file we need to,
# to seperate into a table of row and col
writedlm("geek.csv", numbers, ", ")

Storing Data on Excel File

Using XLXS.jl library

We can store data on excel file by importing a library XLXS.jl which provides various functions related to storing reading and writing output into an excel file. It provides more control than other methods.

To use the package we first need to install the package. To install the package just write the following command in Julia terminal.

# importing the Pkg module
using Pkg

Pkg.add("XLSX")

Now to store the data we can use its various methods. We need to use the “w” flag to able to write output the xls file. 

Example: 

Julia




using XLSX
 
# using "w" to write output
XLSX.openxlsx("geek.xls", mode="w") do f
           sheet = f[1]
            
           # Used for renaming the file for convience
           XLSX.rename!(sheet, "new_sheet")
            
           # This will add output along A coloumn
           sheet["A1"] = "Welcome"
           sheet["A2"] = "to"
           sheet["A3"] = "GeeksForGeeks"
end

 
 



Using DelimitedFiles.writedlm() function

 

Another way to store data is to use DelimitedFiles.writedlm() function. The function takes two parameters the first is the filename and the second parameter is output. In order to use this function, we need to import DelimitedFiles. Here also file extension must be .xls.

 

Example:

 

Julia




# importing DelimitedFiles
using DelimitedFiles
 
# here numbers is an array
# of 5*5 random numbers
numbers = rand(5, 5)
 
# writedlm function
writedlm("geek.xls", numbers)

 
 

 




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