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std::memchr in C++

  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 06 Oct, 2017

C++ offers various standard template libraries to be used. One of them is memchr() function which will search for the first occurrence of a character in a specified number of characters.
Template

const void* memchr( const void* ptr, int ch, std::size_t count );
Parameters : 
ptr : Pointer to the object to be searched for.
ch : Character to search for.
count : Number of character to be searched for.

Return value:
If the character is found, the memchr() function returns a pointer to 
the location of the character, otherwise returns null pointer.




// CPP program to illustrate memchr()
#include <cstring>
#include <iostream>
  
using namespace std;
  
int main()
{
    char sr[] = "This is a sample";
    char ch = 's';
    int count = 13;
  
    if (memchr(sr, ch, count))
        cout << ch << " is present in first "
             << count << " characters of \"" << sr << "\"";
    else
        cout << ch << " is not present in first "
             << count << " characters of \"" << sr << "\"";
  
    return 0;
}

Output:

s is present in first 13 characters of "This is a sample"

Example:




// CPP program to illustrate memchr()
#include <iostream>
#include <cstring>
  
int main()
{
    char arr[] = { 'b', 'a', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'A', 'g' };
    char* pc = (char*)std::memchr(arr, 'g', sizeof arr);
    if (pc != NULL)
        std::cout << "search character found\n";
    else
        std::cout << "search character not found\n";
}

Output:

search character found

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