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Static type in Cassandra

  • Last Updated : 13 Sep, 2021
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In this article, we will discuss a static column in which we will able to understand how the static column is useful and what is the actual role. Let’s have a look. 

Static column: 
In Cassandra Query Language (CQL) it is a special column that is shared by all the rows of a partition. the static column is very useful when we want to share a column with a single value. 
In Cassandra query language static columns are only static within a given partition. The static column uses clustering columns and non-clustering column to declare the static column in table definition. 

Let’s understand with an example. 
Now, first, we are going to define the static column in a table. 

 

create table bank_emp_record
(
Name text,
bank_name text static,
Id int,
primary key(Name, Id)
); 

Now, we are going to insert data into the bank_emp_record table. 
 



Insert into bank_emp_record(Name, bank_name, Id) 
values('Ashish', 'Employee bank', 101);

Insert into bank_emp_record(Name, bank_name, Id) 
values('Ashish', 'Employee bank change', 102);

Insert into bank_emp_record(Name, bank_name, Id) 
values('Ashish', 'Employee bank change new', 103); 

Output: 

 

Here, Employee bank change new will finally updated and shared column value to the same static column. 

Now, let’s consider if I don’t insert any value for bank_name then by default it will share the same value. let’s have a look. 
 

BEGIN BATCH
Insert into bank_emp_record(Name, Id) 
values('Ashish', 104);

Insert into bank_emp_record(Name, Id) 
values('Ashish', 105);
APPLY BATCH; 

In the above-given CQL query, we are using the BATCH statement to insert more rows in a table. Now, let see the final output of the table. 
 

select * 
from bank_emp_record; 

Output: 

 

To know about the restriction please follow the link given below to know what type of restriction when we create the static column and how we can use that properly Reference : DataStax
 

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