# SSC CGL Prelims Reasoning Practice Test – 3

As we know Reasoning plays an important role in increasing the score in SSC and Banking exams. To score more marks in this section, it is highly advisable to solve ample amount of question. Based on the latest pattern of SSC/Banking exams, we are going to provide an SSC mock paper of 25 questions, so that students can practice the questions and excel in the reasoning section.

**Que1. If FOREST is coded as ULIVHG then FIRE is coded as?**

**(a)URIX****(b)UIRV****(c)URIV****(d)UVIR**

**Solution: Option – (c)**

Explanation: each letter of the word FOREST is replaced by the letter which occupies the same position from the other end of the English alphabet. Similarly, we get the code of FIRE.

**Que 2. Find out the wrong number in the following series.****3375 , 4913 , 5832 , 9261 , 12167**

**(a)3375****(b)12167****(c)5832****(d)9261**

**Solution: Option – (c)**

Explanation: Series follows a cube of consecutive odd numbers.

15^{3}, 17^{3}, 19^{3}, 21^{3}, 23^{3}…….. but 5832 is the cube of 18.

**Direction: (Que 3- 5) Read the following and answer the following: ****The sum of the income of A and B is more than that of C and D have together. The sum of the income of A and C is the same as that of B and D have taken together. Moreover. A earns half as much as the sum of the income of B and D. **

**Que 3. Whose income is the highest? **

**(a)A****(b)C****(c)B****(d)D**

**Solution: Option – (b)**

Explanation :

(A + B) > (C +D)……(i)

(A + C) = (B + D)……(ii)

2A = B + D…(.iii)

Putting (iii) in (ii) we get, A = C.

Since (A + B) > (C + D) and A = C so B > D.

Thus, from (iii), we get B > A and so B > C.

**Que 4. Which of the following statements is not correct? **

**(a) B earns more than D. ****(b) C earns more than D****(c) A earns more than B****(d) B earns more than C. **

**Solution: Option – (c)**

Explanation :

(A + B) > (C +D)……(i)

(A + C) = (B + D)……(ii)

2A = B + D…(.iii)

Putting (iii) in (ii) we get, A = C.

Since (A + B) > (C + D) and A = C so B > D.

Thus, from (iii), we get B > A and so B > C.

B earns more than A

**Que 5. If A’s income be Rs 80,000 per annum and the difference between the income ****of B and D be the same as A’s income. B’s income is,**

**(a)Rs 80,000****(b)Rs 1,20,000 ****(c) Rs 60,000****(d) Rs 40.000**

**Solution: Option – (b)**

Explanation :

(A + B) > (C +D)……(i)

(A + C) = (B + D)……(ii)

2A = B + D…(.iii)

Putting (iii) in (ii) we get, A = C.

Since (A + B) > (C + D) and A = C so B > D.

Thus, from (iii), we get B > A and so B > C.

(B + D = 2A ) ,(B – D = A) from these 2 equations we get 2B =2,40,000

B = 1,20,000.

**Que 6. Select the pair which is similarly related to the given pair:**

**Enough : Excess : : Sufficiency : ?**

**(a)Adequacy****(b)Surplus****(c)Competency****(d)Import**

**Solution: Option – (b)**

Explanation: Enough is related to Sufficiency similarly Excess is related to Surplus

**Que 7. In a certain code, SIKKIM is written as TJLLJN. How is FEVER written ****in that code?**

**(a)GFWFS****(b)GFWSF****(c)GFSFW****(d)GWFSF**

**Solution: Option – (a)**

Explanation: Every alphabet is followed by the next alphabet to obtain the code.

**Que 8. Complete the following series, A12, B23, C34, D45,?**

**(a)E65****(b)F56****(c)F65****(d)E56**

**Solution: option – (d)**

Explanation: pattern follows: A,B,C,D,E…. and 12+11 , 23+11 , 34+11 , 45+11,

**Que 9. Choose the odd number in the following.**

**(a)729****(b)1331****(c)3136****(d)6859**

**Solution: Option – (c)**

Explanation: 56^{2} = 3136 , rest are cubes of 9 , 11, 19

**Que 10. Ram introduces Rohit saying; He is the husband of the granddaughter of the father of my father.” How is Rohit related to Ram?**

**(a)Brother-in-law****(b)Father-in-law****(c)Brother****(d)Father**

**Solution: Option – (a)**

Explanation:

Father’s father — Grandfather, Grandfather’s Granddaughter — Sister;

Sister’s husband — Brother-in-law

**Que 11. From thew following options choose that set of numbers, that is similar to the given set.**

**( 4,8,12 )**

**(a)( 7,21,27 )****(b)( 9,15,21)****(c)( 5,10,25 )****(d)( 10,14,16)**

**Solution: Option – (b)**

Explanation: (1st number + 3rd number) / 2 = 2nd number.

**Que 12. Complete the following series 6,12, 20, 25, 42, 56, ?**

**(a)74****(b)76****(c)72****(d)78**

**Solution: Option – (c)**

Explanation: series follows sequence

6 = 2 × 2 + 2 ,

12 = 3 × 3 + 3,

20 = 4 × 4 + 4,

30 = 5 × 5 + 5,

42 = 6 × 6 + 6,

56 = 7 × 7 + 7,

72 = 8 × 8 + 8.

**Que 13. In each of the following options, Choose the odd one.**

**(a)Marasmus : Protein****(b)Rickets : Potassium****(c)Goiter : Iodine****(d)Anemia : Iron**

**Solution: Option – (b)**

Explanation: Rickets are caused by a deficiency of vitamin-D

**Que 14. Pointing out to a photograph, a man tells his friend, “She is the daughter of the only son of my father’s wife.” How is the girl in the photograph related to the man?**

**(a)Niece****(b)Mother****(c)Daughter****(d)Sister**

**Solution: Option – (c)**

Explanation:

Father’s wife — Mother; Mother’s only son — Himself.

So, the girl is the man’s daughter.

**Que 15. Select the pair which is similarly related to the given pair:**

**Mature : Regress : : Varied : ?**

**(a)Rhythmic****(b)Monotonous****(c)Decorous****(d)Obsolete**

**Solution: Option – (b)**

Explanation: 1st is opposite to 2nd

**Directions (Questions 16 to 19): Read the subsequent records carefully ****and answer the following questions:**

**(i) Parul, Jaman, Rohit. Seena, Tina, and Utkarsh are six individuals in a house, and each of them is engaged in a distinct profession – Doctor, Lawyer, Teacher, Engineer, Nurse, and Manager. ****(ii) Each of them stays at a residence on a distinct day of the week from Monday to Saturday. ****(iii) The Lawyer stays at the residence on Thursday, ****(iv) Rohit stays at the residence on Tuesday. ****(v) Parul, the Doctor no longer stays at residence both on Saturday or on Wednesday. ****(vi) Seena is neither the Doctor nor the Teacher and stays at the residence on Friday. ****(vii) Jaman is the Engineer and Tina is the Manager**

**Explanation : **

Hints are given:** **

1. The lawyer stays on Thursday.

2. Rohit stays on Tuesday.

3. Parul is a doctor and doesn’t stay on Saturday/Wednesday.

4. Seena stays on Friday and she is not a Doctor/Teacher.

5. Jaman – Engineer & Tina – Manager.

From the above hints, we conclude that.

1. Parul stays on Monday.

2. Rohit is a teacher.

3. Tina/ Jaman stays on either Wednesday/Saturday.

4. Utkarsh is a lawyer who stays on Thursday.

5. Seena is a nurse.

Days | Individual | Profession |

Monday | Parul | Doctor |

Tuesday | Rohit | Teacher |

Wednesday/ Saturday | Tina | Manager |

Thursday | Utkarsh | Lawyer |

Friday | Seena | Nurse |

Saturday / Wednesday | Jaman | Engineer |

**Que 16. Who remains at home on Monday? **

**(a)Parul****(b)Seena****(c)Rohit****(d)Tina**

**Solution: Option – (a) Parul**

**Explanation : **

Hints are given:** **

1. The lawyer stays on Thursday.

2. Rohit stays on Tuesday.

3. Parul is a doctor and doesn’t stay on Saturday/Wednesday.

4. Seena stays on Friday and she is not a Doctor/Teacher.

5. Jaman – Engineer & Tina – Manager.

From the above hints, we conclude that.

1. Parul stays on Monday.

2. Rohit is a teacher.

3. Tina/ Jaman stays on either Wednesday/Saturday.

4. Utkarsh is a lawyer who stays on Thursday.

5. Seena is a nurse.

Days | Individual | Profession |

Monday | Parul | Doctor |

Tuesday | Rohit | Teacher |

Wednesday/ Saturday | Tina | Manager |

Thursday | Utkarsh | Lawyer |

Friday | Seena | Nurse |

Saturday / Wednesday | Jaman | Engineer |

**Que 17. Which of the following combinations is not correct? **

**(a)Rohit — Teacher****(b)Jaman — Engineer****(c)Seena — Nurse ****(d)Tina — Lawyer**

**Solution: Option – (d) Tina – Lawyer**

**Explanation : **

Hints are given:** **

1. The lawyer stays on Thursday.

2. Rohit stays on Tuesday.

3. Parul is a doctor and doesn’t stay on Saturday/Wednesday.

4. Seena stays on Friday and she is not a Doctor/Teacher.

5. Jaman – Engineer & Tina – Manager.

From the above hints, we conclude that.

1. Parul stays on Monday.

2. Rohit is a teacher.

3. Tina/ Jaman stays on either Wednesday/Saturday.

4. Utkarsh is a lawyer who stays on Thursday.

5. Seena is a nurse.

Days | Individual | Profession |

Monday | Parul | Doctor |

Tuesday | Rohit | Teacher |

Wednesday/ Saturday | Tina | Manager |

Thursday | Utkarsh | Lawyer |

Friday | Seena | Nurse |

Saturday / Wednesday | Jaman | Engineer |

**Que 18. Who among them remains at home on the following day of the Lawyer? **

**(a)Seena****(b)Jaman****(c)Rohit****(d)Tina **

**Solution: Option – (a) Seena**

**Explanation : **

Hints are given:** **

2. Rohit stays on Tuesday.

3. Parul is a doctor and doesn’t stay on Saturday/Wednesday.

4. Seena stays on Friday and she is not a Doctor/Teacher.

5. Jaman – Engineer & Tina – Manager.

From the above hints, we conclude that.

2. Rohit is a teacher.

3. Tina/ Jaman stays on either Wednesday/Saturday.

4. Utkarsh is a lawyer who stays on Thursday.

5. Seena is a nurse.

Days | Individual | Profession |

Monday | Parul | Doctor |

Tuesday | Rohit | Teacher |

Wednesday/ Saturday | Tina | Manager |

Thursday | Utkarsh | Lawyer |

Friday | Seena | Nurse |

Saturday / Wednesday | Jaman | Engineer |

**Que19. Which of the following combinations is correct? **

**(a) Teacher — Wednesday****(b)Nurse — Friday ****(c) Lawyer — Tuesday****(d)Manager — Friday **

**Solution: Option – (b) Nurse – Friday**

**Explanation : **

Hints are given:** **

2. Rohit stays on Tuesday.

3. Parul is a doctor and doesn’t stay on Saturday/Wednesday.

4. Seena stays on Friday and she is not a Doctor/Teacher.

5. Jaman – Engineer & Tina – Manager.

From the above hints, we conclude that.

2. Rohit is a teacher.

3. Tina/ Jaman stays on either Wednesday/Saturday.

4. Utkarsh is a lawyer who stays on Thursday.

5. Seena is a nurse.

Days | Individual | Profession |

Monday | Parul | Doctor |

Tuesday | Rohit | Teacher |

Wednesday/ Saturday | Tina | Manager |

Thursday | Utkarsh | Lawyer |

Friday | Seena | Nurse |

Saturday / Wednesday | Jaman | Engineer |

**Que 20. In each of the following questions, five words have been given, out of which three are alike in some manner and the fourth one is different. ****Choose out the odd one.**

**(a)Hypothesis****(b)Experiment****(c)Assumption****(d)Observation**

**Solution: Option – (b)**

Explanation: Rest are part of an experiment.

**Que 21. Arrange the subsequent in Ascending order : ****1. Assam 2. Universe 3. World 4. India**

**(a) 1423****(b) 3214****(c) 1234****(d) 1432**

**Solution: Option – (d)**

Explanation: Correct order: Assam< India< World< Universe.

**Que 22. In each of the following options, choose that set of numbers from the four alternative sets, that is similar to the given set.**

** 11,18,27 **

**(a) 6,13,22 ****(b) 6,13,27****(c) 13,19,22****(d) 5,10,19**

**Solution: Option – (a)**

Explanation: 2nd number = 1st + 7 , 3rd number = 2nd + 9

**Que23. If SOME = 104 Then GIVE = ?**

**(a)89****(b)44****(c)88****(d)45**

**Solution: Option – (c)**

Explanation: (Sum of alphabetical order × 2) :

SOME = (19 + 15 + 13 + 5) = 52 × 2 = 104

GIVE = (7 + 8 + 22 + 5) = 44 × 2 = 88

**Que 24. Arrange the subsequent in a significant order : ****1. Doctor, 2. Fever, 3. Medicine, 4. Medical shop, 5. Prescription **

**(a)21543****(b)21345****(c)12543****(d)21453**

**Solution: Option – (a)**

Explanation: Correct order is: Fever – Doctor – Prescription – Medical shop – Medicine.

**Que 25. In the following options, four words have been given, out of which three are alike in some manner and the fourth one is different. Choose out the odd one.**

**(a)Mermaid****(b)Unicorn****(c)Sphinx****(d)Seahorse**

**Solution: Option – (d)**

Explanation: Rest are imaginary while seahorse is a fish.