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Spring Boot – Starters

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 11 Jul, 2021
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Before Spring Boot was introduced, Spring Developers used to spend a lot of time on Dependency management. Spring Boot Starters were introduced to solve this problem so that the developers can spend more time on actual code than Dependencies. Spring Boot Starters are dependency descriptors that can be added under the <dependencies> section in pom.xml. There are around 50+ Spring Boot Starters for different Spring and related technologies. These starters give all the dependencies under a single name. For example, if you want to use Spring Data JPA for database access, you can include spring-boot-starter-data-jpa dependency. 

The advantages of using Starters are as follows:

  • Increase productivity by decreasing the Configuration time for developers.
  • Managing the POM is easier since the number of dependencies to be added is decreased.
  • Tested, Production-ready, and supported dependency configurations.
  • No need to remember the name and version of the dependencies.

Spring Boot Starter Data JPA is illustrated below: 


This gives all the required dependencies and can be seen under the Maven tab in IntelliJ IDEA.

Spring Boot Data JPA dependencies

In earlier days, developers used to include all those dependencies. Now Spring Boot Starters provides all those with just a single dependency. The official starters follow a naming convention spring-boot-starter-*, where * denotes application type. For example, if we want to build web including RESTful applications using Spring MVC we have to use spring-boot-starter-web dependency.

Third-Party Starters

If you want to make your own starter or other third-party starters name should not start with spring-boot as it reserved for official Spring Boot Starters. It can start with the name of the project. For example, if the name of the project is gfg-code-template, then the name of the starter can be gfg-code-template-spring-boot-starter

Here out we will be discussing all 3 starters and the following starters are provided by the Spring Boot under org.springframework.boot group. They are namely and covered as follows:

  1. Application Starters
  2. Production Starters
  3. Technical Starters 

Let us elaborate these starters in the same sequential order which is as follows:

(A) Spring Boot Application Starters



spring-boot-starterCore starter, including auto-configuration support, logging, and YAML
spring-boot-starter-activemqStarter for JMS messaging using Apache ActiveMQ
spring-boot-starter-amqpStarter for using Spring AMQP and Rabbit MQ
spring-boot-starter-aopStarter for aspect-oriented programming with Spring AOP and AspectJ
spring-boot-starter-artemisStarter for JMS messaging using Apache Artemis
spring-boot-starter-batchStarter for using Spring Batch
spring-boot-starter-cacheStarter for using Spring Framework’s caching support
spring-boot-starter-data-cassandraStarter for using Cassandra distributed database and Spring Data Cassandra
spring-boot-starter-data-cassandra-reactiveStarter for using Cassandra distributed database and Spring Data Cassandra Reactive
spring-boot-starter-data-couchbaseStarter for using Couchbase document-oriented database and Spring Data Couchbase
spring-boot-starter-data-couchbase-reactiveStarter for using Couchbase document-oriented database and Spring Data Couchbase Reactive
spring-boot-starter-data-elasticsearchStarter for using Elasticsearch search and analytics engine and Spring Data Elasticsearch
spring-boot-starter-data-jdbcStarter for using Spring Data JDBC
spring-boot-starter-data-jpaStarter for using Spring Data JPA with Hibernate
spring-boot-starter-data-ldapStarter for using Spring Data LDAP
spring-boot-starter-data-mongodbStarter for using MongoDB document-oriented database and Spring Data MongoDB
spring-boot-starter-data-mongodb-reactiveStarter for using MongoDB document-oriented database and Spring Data MongoDB Reactive
spring-boot-starter-data-neo4jStarter for using Neo4j graph database and Spring Data Neo4j
spring-boot-starter-data-r2dbcStarter for using Spring Data R2DBC
spring-boot-starter-data-redisStarter for using Redis key-value data store with Spring Data Redis and the Lettuce client
spring-boot-starter-data-redis-reactiveStarter for using Redis key-value data store with Spring Data Redis reactive and the Lettuce client
spring-boot-starter-data-restStarter for exposing Spring Data repositories over REST using Spring Data REST
spring-boot-starter-freemarkerStarter for building MVC web applications using FreeMarker views
spring-boot-starter-groovy-templatesStarter for building MVC web applications using Groovy Templates views
spring-boot-starter-hateoasStarter for building hypermedia-based RESTful web application with Spring MVC and Spring HATEOAS
spring-boot-starter-integrationStarter for using Spring Integration
spring-boot-starter-jdbcStarter for using JDBC with the HikariCP connection pool
spring-boot-starter-jerseyStarter for building RESTful web applications using JAX-RS and Jersey. An alternative to spring-boot-starter-web
spring-boot-starter-jooqStarter for using jOOQ to access SQL databases. An alternative to spring-boot-starter-data-jpa or spring-boot-starter-jdbc
spring-boot-starter-jsonStarter for reading and writing json
spring-boot-starter-jta-atomikosStarter for JTA transactions using Atomikos
spring-boot-starter-mailStarter for using Java Mail and Spring Framework’s email sending support
spring-boot-starter-mustacheStarter for building web applications using Mustache views
spring-boot-starter-oauth2-clientStarter for using Spring Security’s OAuth2/OpenID Connect client features
spring-boot-starter-oauth2-resource-serverStarter for using Spring Security’s OAuth2 resource server features
spring-boot-starter-quartzStarter for using the Quartz scheduler
spring-boot-starter-rsocketStarter for building RSocket clients and servers
spring-boot-starter-securityStarter for using Spring Security
spring-boot-starter-testStarter for testing Spring Boot applications with libraries including JUnit Jupiter, Hamcrest and Mockito
spring-boot-starter-thymeleafStarter for building MVC web applications using Thymeleaf views
spring-boot-starter-validationStarter for using Java Bean Validation with Hibernate Validator
spring-boot-starter-webStarter for building web, including RESTful, applications using Spring MVC. Uses Tomcat as the default embedded container.
spring-boot-starter-web-servicesStarter for using Spring Web Services
spring-boot-starter-webfluxStarter for building WebFlux applications using Spring Framework’s Reactive Web support
spring-boot-starter-websocketStarter for building WebSocket applications using Spring Framework’s WebSocket support

(B) Spring Boot Production Starters



spring-boot-starter-actuatorStarter for using Spring Boot’s Actuator which provides production-ready features to help you monitor and manage your application

(C) Spring Boot Technical Starters



spring-boot-starter-jettyStarter for using Jetty as the embedded servlet container. An alternative to spring-boot-starter-tomcat
spring-boot-starter-log4j2Starter for using Log4j2 for logging. An alternative to spring-boot-starter-logging
spring-boot-starter-loggingStarter for logging using Logback. Default logging starter
spring-boot-starter-reactor-nettyStarter for using Reactor Netty as the embedded reactive HTTP server.
spring-boot-starter-tomcatStarter for using Tomcat as the embedded servlet container. Default servlet container starter used by spring-boot-starter-web
spring-boot-starter-undertowStarter for using Undertow as the embedded servlet container. An alternative to spring-boot-starter-tomcat

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