Spring Boot – Start/Stop a Kafka Listener Dynamically
When your spring boot application starts, Kafka Listener’s default behavior is to begin listening for a certain topic. However, there are situations when we don’t want to start it right away once our application launches. This article will go through how to dynamically start or stop a Kafka listener.
Make a class whose objects will be consumed by the Kafka listener.
Configure the consumer that will be used by Kafka Listener.
Create a Kafka listener with the necessary parameters.
- id = The container’s unique identifier for this listener. If none is specified, an auto-generated ID is used.
- groupId = Override the group.id property for the consumer factory with this value for this listener only.
- topics = The topics of this listener. The entries can be “topic names,” “property placeholder keys,” or “expressions.” The topic name must be resolved from an expression. This uses group management, and Kafka will assign partitions to group members.
- containerFactory = The bean name of the KafkaListenerContainerFactory that will be used to create the message listener container that will serve this endpoint.
- autoStartup = Set to true or false to override the container factory’s default setting. By default, the value is set to true, and because of this, it’ll start consuming messages as soon as our application starts.
The KafkaListenerEndpointRegistry class can be used to get a Kafka Listener Container by listenerId. The Kafka Listener can now be started or stopped using this container.
Using API endpoints, we can start or stop a specific Kafka listener by providing the listenerID.
The app should ideally be started when the Kafka messages need to be processed and stopped as soon as that process is complete. It’s a good practice to constrain your Kafka listener to utilize it efficiently.
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