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Split numeric, alphabetic and special symbols from a String

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 16 Jun, 2021

Given string str, divide the string into three parts one containing a numeric part, one containing alphabetic, and one containing special characters. 

Examples: 

Input : geeks01for02geeks03!!!
Output :geeksforgeeks
        010203
        !!!
Here str = "Geeks01for02Geeks03!!!", we scan every character and 
append in res1, res2 and res3 string accordingly.

Input : **Docoding123456789everyday##
Output :Docodingeveryday
        123456789
        **##

Steps : 

  1. Calculate the length of the string.
  2. Scan every character(ch) of a string one by one
    • if (ch is a digit) then append it in res1 string.
    • else if (ch is alphabet) append in string res2.
    • else append in string res3.
  3. Print all the strings, we will have one string containing a numeric part, other non-numeric part, and the last one contains special characters.

C++




// CPP program to split an alphanumeric
// string using STL
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
void splitString(string str)
{
    string alpha, num, special;
    for (int i=0; i<str.length(); i++)
    {
        if (isdigit(str[i]))
            num.push_back(str[i]);
        else if((str[i] >= 'A' && str[i] <= 'Z') ||
                (str[i] >= 'a' && str[i] <= 'z'))
            alpha.push_back(str[i]);
        else
            special.push_back(str[i]);
    }
 
    cout << alpha << endl;
    cout << num << endl;
    cout << special << endl;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    string str = "geeks01$$for02geeks03!@!!";
    splitString(str);
    return 0;
}

Java




// java program to split an alphanumeric
// string using stringbuffer
 
class Test
{
    static void splitString(String str)
    {
        StringBuffer alpha = new StringBuffer(),
        num = new StringBuffer(), special = new StringBuffer();
         
        for (int i=0; i<str.length(); i++)
        {
            if (Character.isDigit(str.charAt(i)))
                num.append(str.charAt(i));
            else if(Character.isAlphabetic(str.charAt(i)))
                alpha.append(str.charAt(i));
            else
                special.append(str.charAt(i));
        }
      
        System.out.println(alpha);
        System.out.println(num);
        System.out.println(special);
    }
     
    // Driver method
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        String str = "geeks01$$for02geeks03!@!!";
        splitString(str);
    }
}

Python3




# Python 3 program to split an alphanumeric
# string using STL
def splitString(str):
 
    alpha = ""
    num = ""
    special = ""
    for i in range(len(str)):
        if (str[i].isdigit()):
            num = num+ str[i]
        elif((str[i] >= 'A' and str[i] <= 'Z') or
             (str[i] >= 'a' and str[i] <= 'z')):
            alpha += str[i]
        else:
            special += str[i]
 
    print(alpha)
    print(num )
    print(special)
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__":
     
    str = "geeks01$$for02geeks03!@!!"
    splitString(str)
 
# This code is contributed by ita_c

C#




// C# program to split an alphanumeric
// string using stringbuffer
using System;
using System.Text;
 
class GFG  {
     
    // Function ot split string
    static void splitString(string str)
    {
        StringBuilder alpha =
                 new StringBuilder();
        StringBuilder num =
                 new StringBuilder();
        StringBuilder special =
                 new StringBuilder();
     
        for (int i = 0; i < str.Length; i++)
        {
            if (Char.IsDigit(str[i]))
                num.Append(str[i]);
            else if((str[i] >= 'A' &&
                     str[i] <= 'Z') ||
                     (str[i] >= 'a' &&
                      str[i] <= 'z'))
                alpha.Append(str[i]);
            else
                special.Append(str[i]);
        }
     
        Console.WriteLine(alpha);
        Console.WriteLine(num);
        Console.WriteLine(special);
    }
     
    // Driver code
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "geeks01$$for02geeks03!@!!";
        splitString(str);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Sam007

Javascript




<script>
// Javascript program to split an alphanumeric
// string using stringbuffer   
     
    function splitString(str)
    {
        let alpha = "";
        let num = "";
        let special = "";
        for (let i=0; i<str.length; i++)
        {
            if (!isNaN(String(str[i]) * 1))
                num+=str[i];
            else if((str[i] >= 'A' && str[i] <= 'Z') ||
             (str[i] >= 'a' && str[i] <= 'z'))
                alpha+=str[i];
            else
                special+=str[i];
        }
        
        document.write(alpha+"<br>");
        document.write(num+"<br>");
        document.write(special+"<br>");
    }
     
    // Driver method
    let str = "geeks01$$for02geeks03!@!!";
    splitString(str);
     
    // This code is contributed by avanitrachhadiya2155
</script>

Output: 

geeksforgeeks
010203
$$!@!!

The time complexity of the above solution is O(n) where n is the length of the string.
 

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