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Split a Binary String such that count of 0s and 1s in left and right substrings is maximum

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 31 May, 2021

Given a binary string, str of length N, the task is to find the maximum sum of the count of 0s on the left substring and count of 1s on the right substring possible by splitting the binary string into two non-empty substrings.

Examples:

Input: str = “000111” 
Output:
Explanation: 
Splitting the binary string into “000” and “111”. 
Count of 0s in the left substring of the string = 3 
Count of 1s in the right substring of the string = 3 
Therefore, the sum of the count of 0s in the left substring of the string and the count of 1s in the right substring of the string = 3 + 3 = 6. 
 

Input: S = “1111” 
Output:
Explanation: 
Splitting the binary string into “1” and “111”. 
Count of 0s in the left substring of the string = 0 
Count of 1s in the right substring of the string = 3 
Therefore, the sum of the count of 0s in the left substring of the string and the count of 1s in the right substring of the string = 0 + 3 = 3. 
 

Approach: Follow the steps below to solve the problem:



  1. Initialize a variable, say res, to store the maximum sum of count of 0s in left substring and count of 1s in the right substring.
  2. Initialize a variable, say cntOne, to store count of 1s in the given binary string.
  3. Traverse the binary string and for each character, check if it is ‘1’ or not. If found to be true, then increment the value of cntOne by 1.
  4. Initialize two variables, say zero and one, to store the count of 0s and count of 1s till ith index.
  5. Traverse the binary string and update the value of res = max(res, cntOne – one + zero).
  6. Finally, print the value of res.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program to implement
// the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the maximum sum of count  of
// 0s in the left substring and count of 1s in
// the right substring by splitting the string
int maxSumbySplittingstring(string str, int N)
{
 
    // Stores count of 1s
    // the in binary string
    int cntOne = 0;
 
    // Traverse the binary string
    for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
        // If current character is '1'
        if (str[i] == '1') {
 
            // Update cntOne
            cntOne++;
        }
    }
 
    // Stores count of 0s
    int zero = 0;
 
    // Stores count of 1s
    int one = 0;
 
    // Stores maximum sum of count of
    // 0s and 1s by splitting the string
    int res = 0;
 
    // Traverse the binary string
    for (int i = 0; i < N - 1; i++) {
 
        // If current character
        // is '0'
        if (str[i] == '0') {
 
            // Update zero
            zero++;
        }
 
        // If current character is '1'
        else {
 
            // Update one
            one++;
        }
 
        // Update res
        res = max(res, zero + cntOne - one);
    }
 
    return res;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    string str = "00111";
    int N = str.length();
 
    cout << maxSumbySplittingstring(str, N);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to implement
// the above approach
import java.util.*;
class GFG
{
 
  // Function to find the maximum sum of count  of
  // 0s in the left subString and count of 1s in
  // the right subString by splitting the String
  static int maxSumbySplittingString(String str, int N)
  {
 
    // Stores count of 1s
    // the in binary String
    int cntOne = 0;
 
    // Traverse the binary String
    for (int i = 0; i < N; i++)
    {
 
      // If current character is '1'
      if (str.charAt(i) == '1')
      {
 
        // Update cntOne
        cntOne++;
      }
    }
 
    // Stores count of 0s
    int zero = 0;
 
    // Stores count of 1s
    int one = 0;
 
    // Stores maximum sum of count of
    // 0s and 1s by splitting the String
    int res = 0;
 
    // Traverse the binary String
    for (int i = 0; i < N - 1; i++) {
 
      // If current character
      // is '0'
      if (str.charAt(i) == '0') {
 
        // Update zero
        zero++;
      }
 
      // If current character is '1'
      else {
 
        // Update one
        one++;
      }
 
      // Update res
      res = Math.max(res, zero + cntOne - one);
    }
    return res;
  }
 
  // Driver Code
  public static void main(String[] args)
  {
    String str = "00111";
    int N = str.length();
 
    System.out.print(maxSumbySplittingString(str, N));
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar

Python3




# Python3 program to implement
# the above approach
 
# Function to find the maximum sum of count  of
# 0s in the left suband count of 1s in
# the right subby splitting the string
def maxSumbySplittingstring(str, N):
 
    # Stores count of 1s
    # the in binary string
    cntOne = 0
 
    # Traverse the binary string
    for i in range(N):
 
        # If current character is '1'
        if (str[i] == '1'):
 
            # Update cntOne
            cntOne += 1
 
    # Stores count of 0s
    zero = 0
 
    # Stores count of 1s
    one = 0
 
    # Stores maximum sum of count of
    # 0s and 1s by splitting the string
    res = 0
 
    # Traverse the binary string
    for i in range(N - 1):
 
        # If current character
        # is '0'
        if (str[i] == '0'):
 
            # Update zero
            zero += 1
 
        # If current character is '1'
        else:
 
            # Update one
            one += 1
 
        # Update res
        res = max(res, zero + cntOne - one)
    return res
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    str = "00111"
    N = len(str)
 
    print (maxSumbySplittingstring(str, N))
 
    # This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29.

C#




// C# program to implement
// the above approach
using System;
public class GFG
{
 
  // Function to find the maximum sum of count  of
  // 0s in the left subString and count of 1s in
  // the right subString by splitting the String
  static int maxSumbySplittingString(String str, int N)
  {
 
    // Stores count of 1s
    // the in binary String
    int cntOne = 0;
 
    // Traverse the binary String
    for (int i = 0; i < N; i++)
    {
 
      // If current character is '1'
      if (str[i] == '1')
      {
 
        // Update cntOne
        cntOne++;
      }
    }
 
    // Stores count of 0s
    int zero = 0;
 
    // Stores count of 1s
    int one = 0;
 
    // Stores maximum sum of count of
    // 0s and 1s by splitting the String
    int res = 0;
 
    // Traverse the binary String
    for (int i = 0; i < N - 1; i++) {
 
      // If current character
      // is '0'
      if (str[i] == '0') {
 
        // Update zero
        zero++;
      }
 
      // If current character is '1'
      else {
 
        // Update one
        one++;
      }
 
      // Update res
      res = Math.Max(res, zero + cntOne - one);
    }
    return res;
  }
 
  // Driver Code
  public static void Main(String[] args)
  {
    String str = "00111";
    int N = str.Length;
 
    Console.Write(maxSumbySplittingString(str, N));
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript program to implement
// the above approach
 
// Function to find the maximum sum of count  of
// 0s in the left substring and count of 1s in
// the right substring by splitting the string
function maxSumbySplittingstring(str, N)
{
 
    // Stores count of 1s
    // the in binary string
    var cntOne = 0;
 
    // Traverse the binary string
    for(var i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
        // If current character is '1'
        if (str[i] == '1') {
 
            // Update cntOne
            cntOne++;
        }
    }
 
    // Stores count of 0s
    var zero = 0;
 
    // Stores count of 1s
    var one = 0;
 
    // Stores maximum sum of count of
    // 0s and 1s by splitting the string
    var res = 0;
 
    // Traverse the binary string
    for (var i = 0; i < N - 1; i++) {
 
        // If current character
        // is '0'
        if (str[i] == '0') {
 
            // Update zero
            zero++;
        }
 
        // If current character is '1'
        else {
 
            // Update one
            one++;
        }
 
        // Update res
        res = Math.max(res, zero + cntOne - one);
    }
 
    return res;
}
 
// Driver Code
var str = "00111";
var N = str.length;
document.write( maxSumbySplittingstring(str, N));
 
 
</script>
Output: 
5

 

Time complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

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