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Spacing between boxplots in ggplot2 in R

  • Last Updated : 18 Jul, 2021

In this article, we are going to see how to add space between the boxplots in ggplot2 using R programming language.

Dataset in use: Crop_recommendation

Method 1: Using width between boxplot

Here we will use width attributes to define space between the boxplot. In this the value is passed to the attribute.

Syntax: geom_boxplot(width)

Program:



R




library(ggplot2)
  
# loading data set and storing it in ds variable
df <- read.csv("Crop_recommendation.csv", header = TRUE)
  
# create a boxplot by using geom_boxplot() function
# of ggplot2 package
plot = ggplot(data=df,
              mapping=aes(
                x=label, y=temperature))+
geom_boxplot(width = 0.5)
plot 

Output:

Method 2: Using position_dodge

Here we will use position_dodge to define the vertical position of a geom while adjusting the horizontal position. position_dodge() requires the grouping variable to be specified position.

Syntax: 

geom_boxplot( position = position_dodge(width))

Program:

Python3




library(ggplot2)
  
# loading data set and storing it in ds variable
df <- read.csv("Crop_recommendation.csv", header = TRUE)
  
# create a boxplot by using geom_boxplot() function
# of ggplot2 package
plot= ggplot(data=df,
             mapping=aes(x=label, 
                         y=temperature))+
geom_boxplot(width=0.1, position = position_dodge(width=0.5))
plot

Output:




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