Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Sorting Vector of Pairs by 1st element in ascending and 2nd element in descending

Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article
  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 25 Apr, 2022

A pair is a container that stores two values mapped to each other, and a vector containing multiple numbers of such pairs is called a vector of pairs.

While solving problems there come many instances where there is a need to sort the elements of vector on the basis of both the first and second elements of the pair. In that instance we have to pass an additional argument to the sort() function i, e a call to a user-defined explicit function in the sort() function.
This article focuses on discussing the sorting vector of pairs on the basis of the first element of pairs in ascending order and if the first element if equal then according to the second element in descending order.

Below is the C++ program to demonstrate the sorting of vectors of pairs.

C++




// C++ program to implement
// the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to sort the vector elements
// ascending for first element
// and if first element equal
// then descending for second element
bool sortbyCond(const pair<int, int>& a,
                const pair<int, int>& b)
{
    if (a.first != b.first)
        return (a.first < b.first);
    else
        a.second > b.second;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    // Declaring vector of pairs
    vector<pair<int, int> > vect;
 
    // Initialising 1st and 2nd element
    // of pairs with array values
    int arr[] = { 10, 10, 5, 5, 15, 15 };
    int arr1[] = { 40, 60, 20, 50, 12, 24 };
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
 
    // Entering values in vector of pairs
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        vect.push_back(make_pair(arr[i],
                                 arr1[i]));
 
    // The original vector(before sort())
    cout << "The vector before sort operation is:\n";
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        // "first" and "second" are used to
        // access 1st and 2nd element of pair
        // respectively
        cout << vect[i].first << " "
             << vect[i].second << endl;
    }
 
    // Using sort() function to sort by
    // 1st element of pair and if first
    // element equal then by descending
    // order of second element
    sort(vect.begin(), vect.end(), sortbyCond);
 
    // Printing the sorted vector(after
    // using sort())
    cout << "The vector after sort operation is:\n";
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        // "first" and "second" are used to
        // access 1st and 2nd element of pair
        // respectively
        cout << vect[i].first << " "
             << vect[i].second << endl;
    }
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to implement
// the above approach
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG{
 
  static class pair implements Comparable<pair>
  {
    int first,second;
    pair(int s, int e)
    {
      first = s;
      second = e;
    }
 
    // Function to sort the vector elements
    // ascending for first element
    // and if first element equal
    // then descending for second element
    public int compareTo(pair b)
    {
      if (this.first != b.first)
        return (this.first < b.first)?-1:1;
      else
        return this.second > b.second?-1:1;
    }
 
  }
 
  // Driver code
  public static void main(String[] args)
  {
     
    // Declaring vector of pairs
    List<pair > vect = new ArrayList<pair > ();
 
    // Initialising 1st and 2nd element
    // of pairs with array values
    int arr[] = { 10, 10, 5, 5, 15, 15 };
    int arr1[] = { 40, 60, 20, 50, 12, 24 };
    int n = arr.length;
 
    // Entering values in vector of pairs
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
      vect.add(new pair(arr[i],
                        arr1[i]));
 
    // The original vector(before sort())
    System.out.print("The vector before sort operation is:\n");
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
       
      // "first" and "second" are used to
      // access 1st and 2nd element of pair
      // respectively
      System.out.print(vect.get(i).first+ " "
                       + vect.get(i).second +"\n");
    }
 
    // Using sort() function to sort by
    // 1st element of pair and if first
    // element equal then by descending
    // order of second element
    Collections.sort(vect);
 
    // Printing the sorted vector(after
    // using sort())
    System.out.print("The vector after sort operation is:\n");
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
       
      // "first" and "second" are used to
      // access 1st and 2nd element of pair
      // respectively
      System.out.print(vect.get(i).first+ " "
                       + vect.get(i).second +"\n");
    }
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar

Python3




# Python program to implement
# the above approach
 
# Function to sort the vector elements
# ascending for first element
# and if first element equal
# then descending for second element
from functools import cmp_to_key
 
def sortbyCond(a, b):
    if (a[0] != b[0]):
        return (a[0] - b[0])
    else:
        return b[1] - a[1]
 
# Driver code
 
# Declaring vector of pairs
vect = []
 
# Initialising 1st and 2nd element
# of pairs with array values
arr = [ 10, 10, 5, 5, 15, 15 ]
arr1 = [ 40, 60, 20, 50, 12, 24 ]
n = len(arr)
 
# Entering values in vector of pairs
for i in range(n):
    vect.append([arr[i],arr1[i]])
 
# The original vector(before sort())
print("The vector before sort operation is: ")
for i in range(n):
 
    # "first" and "second" are used to
    # access 1st and 2nd element of pair
    # respectively
    print(f"{vect[i][0]} {vect[i][1]}")
 
 
# Using sort() function to sort by
# 1st element of pair and if first
# element equal then by descending
# order of second element
vect.sort(key = cmp_to_key(sortbyCond))
 
# Printing the sorted vector(after
# using sort())
print("The vector after sort operation is: ")
for i in range(n):
 
    # "first" and "second" are used to
    # access 1st and 2nd element of pair
    # respectively
    print(f"{vect[i][0]} {vect[i][1]}")
 
# This code is contributed by shinjanpatra

C#




// C# program to implement
// the above approach
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
public class GFG{
 
    class pair : IComparable<pair>
    {
        public int first, second;
        public pair(int first, int second)
        {
            this.first = first;
            this.second = second;
        }
         public int CompareTo(pair b)
         {
             if (this.first != b.first)
                return (this.first < b.first)?-1:1;
              else
                return this.second > b.second?-1:1;
         }
    }
  
  // Driver code
  public static void Main(String[] args)
  {
     
    // Declaring vector of pairs
    List<pair > vect = new List<pair > ();
 
    // Initialising 1st and 2nd element
    // of pairs with array values
    int []arr = { 10, 10, 5, 5, 15, 15 };
    int []arr1 = { 40, 60, 20, 50, 12, 24 };
    int n = arr.Length;
 
    // Entering values in vector of pairs
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
      vect.Add(new pair(arr[i],
                        arr1[i]));
 
    // The original vector(before sort())
    Console.Write("The vector before sort operation is:\n");
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
       
      // "first" and "second" are used to
      // access 1st and 2nd element of pair
      // respectively
      Console.Write(vect[i].first+ " "
                       + vect[i].second +"\n");
    }
 
    // Using sort() function to sort by
    // 1st element of pair and if first
    // element equal then by descending
    // order of second element
    vect.Sort();
 
    // Printing the sorted vector(after
    // using sort())
    Console.Write("The vector after sort operation is:\n");
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
       
      // "first" and "second" are used to
      // access 1st and 2nd element of pair
      // respectively
      Console.Write(vect[i].first+ " "
                       + vect[i].second +"\n");
    }
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by shikhasingrajput

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript program to implement
// the above approach
 
// Function to sort the vector elements
// ascending for first element
// and if first element equal
// then descending for second element
function sortbyCond(a,b)
{
    if (a[0] != b[0])
        return (a[0] - b[0]);
    else
        return b[1] - a[1];
}
 
// Driver code
 
// Declaring vector of pairs
let vect = [];
 
// Initialising 1st and 2nd element
// of pairs with array values
let arr = [ 10, 10, 5, 5, 15, 15 ]
let arr1 = [ 40, 60, 20, 50, 12, 24 ]
let n = arr.length
 
// Entering values in vector of pairs
for (let i = 0; i < n; i++)
    vect.push([arr[i],arr1[i]]);
 
// The original vector(before sort())
document.write("The vector before sort operation is: ");
for (let i = 0; i < n; i++)
{
 
        // "first" and "second" are used to
        // access 1st and 2nd element of pair
        // respectively
        document.write(vect[i][0] + " " + vect[i][1]);
}
 
// Using sort() function to sort by
// 1st element of pair and if first
// element equal then by descending
// order of second element
vect.sort(sortbyCond);
 
// Printing the sorted vector(after
// using sort())
document.write("The vector after sort operation is: ");
for (let i = 0; i < n; i++)
{
    // "first" and "second" are used to
    // access 1st and 2nd element of pair
    // respectively
    document.write(vect[i][0] + " " +vect[i][1]);
}
 
// This code is contributed by shinjanpatra
 
</script>

 
 

Output
The vector before sort operation is:
10 40
10 60
5 20
5 50
15 12
15 24
The vector after sort operation is:
5 50
5 20
10 60
10 40
15 24
15 12

 


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!