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Sorting in Java

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 03 Oct, 2021

Whenever we do hear sorting algorithms come into play such as selection sort, bubble sort, insertion sort, radix sort, bucket sort, etc but if we look closer here we are not asked to use any kind of algorithms. It is as simple sorting with the help of linear and non-linear data structures present within java. So there is sorting done with the help of brute force in java with the help of loops and there are two in-built methods to sort in Java. 

Ways of sorting in Java

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  1. Using loops
  2. Using sort() method of Arrays class
  3. Using sort method of Collections class
  4. Sorting on a subarray

Let us discuss all four of them and propose a code for each one of them.



Way 1: Using loops

Java




// Java Program to sort an elements
// by bringing Arrays into play
 
// Main class
class GFG {
 
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        // Custom input array
        int arr[] = { 4, 3, 2, 1 };
 
        // Outer loop
        for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
 
            // Inner nested loop pointing 1 index ahead
            for (int j = i + 1; j < arr.length; j++) {
 
                // Checking elements
                int temp = 0;
                if (arr[j] < arr[i]) {
 
                    // Swapping
                    temp = arr[i];
                    arr[i] = arr[j];
                    arr[j] = temp;
                }
            }
 
            // Printing sorted array elements
            System.out.print(arr[i] + " ");
        }
    }
}
Output
1 2 3 4 

Way 2: Using sort() method of Arrays class  

Arrays.Sort() works for arrays which can be of primitive data type also which in turn by default sorts in ascending order.

Example 1

JAVA




// Java program to demonstrate working of
// sort() method of Arrays class
 
// Importing Arrays class from java.util package
import java.util.Arrays;
 
// Main class
public class GFG {
 
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Custom input array
        int[] arr = { 13, 7, 6, 45, 21, 9, 101, 102 };
 
        // Calling the sort() method present
        // inside Arrays class
        Arrays.sort(arr);
 
        // Printing and display sorted array
        System.out.printf("Modified arr[] : %s",
                          Arrays.toString(arr));
    }
}
Output
Modified arr[] : [6, 7, 9, 13, 21, 45, 101, 102]

Example 2

JAVA




// A sample Java program to sort an array
// in descending order using Arrays.sort().
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Collections;
 
public class GFG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Note that we have Integer here instead of
        // int[] as Collections.reverseOrder doesn't
        // work for primitive types.
        Integer[] arr = { 13, 7, 6, 45, 21, 9, 2, 100 };
 
        // Sorts arr[] in descending order
        Arrays.sort(arr, Collections.reverseOrder());
 
        System.out.printf("Modified arr[] : %s",
                          Arrays.toString(arr));
    }
}
Output



Modified arr[] : [100, 45, 21, 13, 9, 7, 6, 2]

Way 3: Using sort() method of Collections class 

Collections.sort() works for objects Collections like ArrayList and LinkedList.

Example

JAVA




// Java program to demonstrate working of Collections.sort()
import java.util.*;
 
public class GFG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Create a list of strings
        ArrayList<String> al = new ArrayList<String>();
        al.add("Geeks For Geeks");
        al.add("Friends");
        al.add("Dear");
        al.add("Is");
        al.add("Superb");
 
        /* Collections.sort method is sorting the
        elements of ArrayList in ascending order. */
        Collections.sort(al);
 
        // Let us print the sorted list
        System.out.println("List after the use of"
                           + " Collection.sort() :\n" + al);
    }
}
Output
List after the use of Collection.sort() :
[Dear, Friends, Geeks For Geeks, Is, Superb]

Example 2

JAVA




// Java program to demonstrate working of Collections.sort()
// to descending order.
import java.util.*;
 
public class GFG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Create a list of strings
        ArrayList<String> al = new ArrayList<String>();
        al.add("Geeks For Geeks");
        al.add("Friends");
        al.add("Dear");
        al.add("Is");
        al.add("Superb");
 
        /* Collections.sort method is sorting the
        elements of ArrayList in ascending order. */
        Collections.sort(al, Collections.reverseOrder());
 
        // Let us print the sorted list
        System.out.println("List after the use of"
                           + " Collection.sort() :\n" + al);
    }
}
Output
List after the use of Collection.sort() :
[Superb, Is, Geeks For Geeks, Friends, Dear]

Way 4: Sorting only a subarray

JAVA




// Java program to sort a subarray
// using Arrays.sort()
 
// Importing Arrays class from java.util package
import java.util.Arrays;
 
// Main class
public class GFG {
 
    // Main drive method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Custom input array
        int[] arr = { 13, 7, 6, 45, 21, 9, 2, 100 };
 
        // Sort subarray from index 1 to 4, i.e.,
        // only sort subarray {7, 6, 45, 21} and
        // keep other elements as it is.
        Arrays.sort(arr, 1, 5);
 
        // Printing sorted array
        System.out.printf("Modified arr[] : %s",
                          Arrays.toString(arr));
    }
}
Output
Modified arr[] : [13, 6, 7, 21, 45, 9, 2, 100]

Note:

  • Which sorting algorithm does Java use in sort()? 
    Previously, Java’s Arrays.sort method used Quicksort for arrays of primitives and Merge sort for arrays of objects. In the latest versions of Java, Arrays.sort method and Collection.sort() uses Timsort.
  • Which order of sorting is done by default? 
    It by default sorts in ascending order.
  • How to sort array or list in descending order? 
    It can be done with the help of Collections.reverseOrder().
  • How to write my own sorting function in Java? 
    Please see Java programs for Quick Sort, Merge Sort, Insertion Sort, Selection Sort, Heap Sort, Bubble Sort



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