SortedSet removeAll() method in Java with Examples

The removeAll() method of SortedSet interface is used to remove from this SortedSet all of its elements that are contained in the specified collection.

Syntax:

public boolean removeAll(Collection c)

Parameters: This method takes collection c as a parameter containing elements to be removed from this SortedSet.



Returns Value: This method returns true if this set changed as a result of the call.

Exception: This method throws NullPointerException if this set contains a null element and the specified collection does not permit null elements (optional), or if the specified collection is null.

Note: The removeAll() method in SortedSet is inherited from the Set interface in Java.

Below are the examples to illustrate the removeAll() method.

Example 1:

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// Java program to demonstrate
// removeAll() method for Integer value
  
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG1 {
    public static void main(String[] args)
        throws Exception
    {
  
        try {
            // Creating object of SortedSet
            SortedSet<Integer> set1
                = new TreeSet<Integer>();
  
            // Populating set1
            set1.add(1);
            set1.add(2);
            set1.add(3);
            set1.add(4);
            set1.add(5);
  
            // print set1
            System.out.println(
                "Set before "
                + "removeAll() operation : "
                + set1);
  
            // Creating another object of Set
            SortedSet<Integer> set2
                = new TreeSet<Integer>();
            set2.add(1);
            set2.add(2);
            set2.add(3);
  
            // print set2
            System.out.println(
                "Collection Elements "
                + "to be removed : "
                + set2);
  
            // Removing elemnts from set
            // specified in set2
            // using removeAll() method
            set1.removeAll(set2);
  
            // print set1
            System.out.println(
                "Set after "
                + "removeAll() operation : "
                + set1);
        }
  
        catch (NullPointerException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : "
                               + e);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

Set before removeAll() operation : [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
Collection Elements to be removed : [1, 2, 3]
Set after removeAll() operation : [4, 5]

Example 2: For NullPointerException.

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// Java program to demonstrate
// removeAll() method for Integer value
  
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG1 {
  
    public static void main(String[] args)
        throws Exception
    {
        try {
  
            // Creating object of SortedSet
            SortedSet<Integer> set1
                = new TreeSet<Integer>();
  
            // Populating set1
            set1.add(1);
            set1.add(2);
            set1.add(3);
            set1.add(4);
            set1.add(5);
  
            // print set1
            System.out.println(
                "Set before "
                + "removeAll() operation : "
                + set1);
  
            // Creating another object of SortedSet<Integer>
            SortedSet<Integer> set2 = null;
  
            // print set2
            System.out.println(
                "Collection Elements"
                + " to be removed : "
                + set2);
  
            System.out.println(
                "\nTrying to pass "
                + "null as a specified element\n");
  
            // Removing elemnts from set
            // specified in set2
            // using removeAll() method
            set1.removeAll(set2);
  
            // print set1
            System.out.println(
                "Set after "
                + "removeAll() operation : "
                + set1);
        }
  
        catch (NullPointerException e) {
            System.out.println(e);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

Set before removeAll() operation : [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
Collection Elements to be removed : null

Trying to pass null as a specified element

java.lang.NullPointerException

Reference: https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/util/Set.html#removeAll(java.util.Collection)



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