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Sort Vector Based on Values of Another in R

  • Last Updated : 23 Sep, 2021

In this article, we are going to sort a vector based on values in another vector using R programming language.

We can sort the vector values based on values in the second vector by using match() and order() function. match() function is used to matches the values from the first vector to second vector. sort() function is used to sort a vector

Syntax:

vector1[order(match(vector1,vector2))] 

where,

  • vector1 is the first vector
  • vector2 is the second vector

Example 1: R program to sort a numeric vector based on values in the second vector

R




# create a vector 1 with 10 elements
vector1=c(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10)
  
# create a vector2
vector2=c(10,4,1,5,3,7,2,6,9,8)
  
# sort vector 1 based on values in vector2
print(vector1[order(match(vector1,vector2))])

Output:

[1] 10  4  1  5  3  7  2  6  9  8

Example 2: Sorting with duplicate elements

R




# create a vector 1 with 20 elements
vector1=c(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,1:10)
  
  
# create a vector2
vector2=c(10,4,1,5,3,7,2,6,9,8)
  
# sort vector 1 based on values in vector2
print(vector1[order(match(vector1,vector2))])

Output:

 [1] 10 10  4  4  1  1  5  5  3  3  7  7  2  2  6  6  9  9  8  8
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