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Sort the given Array as per given conditions

  • Last Updated : 06 Sep, 2021

Given an array arr[] consisting of N positive integers, the task is to sort the array such that – 

  • All even numbers must come before all odd numbers.
  • All even numbers that are divisible by 5 must come first than even numbers not divisible by 5.
  • If two even numbers are divisible by 5 then the number having a greater value will come first
  • If two even numbers were not divisible by 5 then the number having a greater index in the array will come first.
  • All odd numbers must come in relative order as they are present in the array.

Examples:

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Input: arr[] = {5, 10, 30, 7}
Output: 30 10 5 7
Explanation: Even numbers = [10, 30]. Odd numbers = [5, 7]. After sorting of even numbers, even numbers = [30, 10] as both 10 and 30 divisible by 5 but 30 has a larger value so it will come before 10.
After sorting A = [30, 10, 5, 7] as all even numbers must come before all odd numbers.



 

Approach: This problem can be solved by using sorting. Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

  • Create three vectors say v1, v2, v3 where v1 stores number which is even and divisible by 5, v2 stores number which is even but not divisible by 5, and v3 stores the numbers which are odd.
  • Iterate in the range [0, N-1] using the variable i and perform the following steps-
    • If arr[i]%2 = 0 and arr[i]%5=0, then insert arr[i] in v1.
    • If arr[i]%2 = 0 and arr[i]%5 != 0, then insert arr[i] in v2.
    • If arr[i]%2 then insert arr[i] in v3.
  • Sort the vector v1 in descending order.
  • After performing the above steps, print vector v1 then print vector v2 and then v3 as the answer.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to sort array in the way
// mentioned above
void AwesomeSort(vector<int> m, int n)
{
    // Create three vectors
    vector<int> v1, v2, v3;
 
    int i;
 
    // Traverse through the elements
    // of the array
    for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
 
        // If elements are even and
        // divisible by 10
        if (m[i] % 10 == 0)
            v1.push_back(m[i]);
 
        // If number is even but not divisible
        // by 5
        else if (m[i] % 2 == 0)
            v2.push_back(m[i]);
        else
            // If number is odd
            v3.push_back(m[i]);
    }
 
    // Sort  v1 in descending orde
    sort(v1.begin(), v1.end(), greater<int>());
 
    for (int i = 0; i < v1.size(); i++) {
        cout << v1[i] << " ";
    }
    for (int i = 0; i < v2.size(); i++) {
        cout << v2[i] << " ";
    }
    for (int i = 0; i < v3.size(); i++) {
        cout << v3[i] << " ";
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    // Given Input
    vector<int> arr{ 5, 10, 30, 7 };
    int N = arr.size();
 
    // FunctionCall
    AwesomeSort(arr, N);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Vector;
 
public class GFG_JAVA {
 
    // Function to sort array in the way
    // mentioned above
    static void AwesomeSort(Vector<Integer> m, int n)
    {
        // Create three vectors
        Vector<Integer> v1 = new Vector<>();
        Vector<Integer> v2 = new Vector<>();
        Vector<Integer> v3 = new Vector<>();
 
        int i;
 
        // Traverse through the elements
        // of the array
        for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
 
            // If elements are even and
            // divisible by 10
            if (m.get(i) % 10 == 0)
                v1.add(m.get(i));
 
            // If number is even but not divisible
            // by 5
            else if (m.get(i) % 2 == 0)
                v2.add(m.get(i));
            else
                // If number is odd
                v3.add(m.get(i));
        }
 
        // Sort  v1 in descending orde
        Collections.sort(v1, Collections.reverseOrder());
 
        for (int ii = 0; ii < v1.size(); ii++) {
            System.out.print(v1.get(ii) + " ");
        }
        for (int ii = 0; ii < v2.size(); ii++) {
            System.out.print(v2.get(ii) + " ");
        }
        for (int ii = 0; ii < v3.size(); ii++) {
            System.out.print(v3.get(ii) + " ");
        }
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Given Input
        Vector<Integer> arr = new Vector<>();
        arr.add(5);
        arr.add(10);
        arr.add(30);
        arr.add(7);
 
        int N = arr.size();
 
        // FunctionCall
        AwesomeSort(arr, N);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by abhinavjain194

Python3




# Python program for the above approach
 
# Function to sort array in the way
# mentioned above
def AwesomeSort(m, n):
   
    # Create three vectors
    v1, v2, v3 = [],[],[]
     
    # Traverse through the elements
    # of the array
    for i in range(n):
       
        # If elements are even and
        # divisible by 10
        if (m[i] % 10 == 0):
            v1.append(m[i])
 
        # If number is even but not divisible
        # by 5
        elif (m[i] % 2 == 0):
            v2.append(m[i])
        else:
            # If number is odd
            v3.append(m[i])
 
    # Sort  v1 in descending orde
    v1 = sorted(v1)[::-1]
 
    for i in range(len(v1)):
        print(v1[i], end = " ")
 
    for i in range(len(v2)):
        print(v2[i], end = " ")
 
    for i in range(len(v3)):
        print (v3[i], end = " ")
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
   
    # Given Input
    arr = [5, 10, 30, 7]
    N = len(arr)
 
    # FunctionCall
    AwesomeSort(arr, N)
 
    # This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29.

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
class GFG {
     
    // Function to sort array in the way
    // mentioned above
    static void AwesomeSort(List<int> m, int n)
    {
       
        // Create three vectors
        List<int> v1 = new List<int>();
        List<int> v2 = new List<int>();
        List<int> v3 = new List<int>();
  
        int i;
  
        // Traverse through the elements
        // of the array
        for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
  
            // If elements are even and
            // divisible by 10
            if (m[i] % 10 == 0)
                v1.Add(m[i]);
  
            // If number is even but not divisible
            // by 5
            else if (m[i] % 2 == 0)
                v2.Add(m[i]);
            else
                // If number is odd
                v3.Add(m[i]);
        }
  
        // Sort  v1 in descending orde
        v1.Sort();
        v1.Reverse();
  
        for (int ii = 0; ii < v1.Count; ii++) {
            Console.Write(v1[ii] + " ");
        }
        for (int ii = 0; ii < v2.Count; ii++) {
            Console.Write(v2[ii] + " ");
        }
        for (int ii = 0; ii < v3.Count; ii++) {
            Console.Write(v3[ii] + " ");
        }
    }
     
  static void Main()
  {
     
    // Given Input
    List<int> arr = new List<int>();
    arr.Add(5);
    arr.Add(10);
    arr.Add(30);
    arr.Add(7);
 
    int N = arr.Count;
 
    // FunctionCall
    AwesomeSort(arr, N);
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by divyeshrabadiya07.

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript program for the above approach
 
// Function to sort array in the way
// mentioned above
function AwesomeSort(m, n)
{
    // Create three vectors
    let v1 = [];
    let v2 = [];
    let v3 = [];
 
    let i;
 
    // Traverse through the elements
    // of the array
    for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
 
        // If elements are even and
        // divisible by 10
        if (m[i] % 10 == 0)
            v1.push(m[i]);
 
        // If number is even but not divisible
        // by 5
        else if (m[i] % 2 == 0)
            v2.push(m[i]);
        else
            // If number is odd
            v3.push(m[i]);
    }
 
    // Sort  v1 in descending orde
    v1.sort((a, b) => b - a);
 
    for (let i = 0; i < v1.length; i++) {
        document.write(v1[i] + " ");
    }
    for (let i = 0; i < v2.length; i++) {
        document.write(v2[i] + " ");
    }
    for (let i = 0; i < v3.length; i++) {
        document.write(v3[i] + " ");
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
 
// Given Input
let arr = [5, 10, 30, 7];
let N = arr.length;
 
// FunctionCall
AwesomeSort(arr, N);
 
</script>
Output
30 10 5 7 

Time Complexity: O(NlogN)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)




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