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Sort groups of numbers and characters separately in a String

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  • Last Updated : 01 Aug, 2022
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Given string str of alphanumeric characters, the task is to sort the similar group of consecutive characters separately and print the modified string i.e. all consecutive groups of digits and alphabetical characters will be sorted separately.

Examples: 

Input: str = “121geeks21” 
Output: 112eegks12 
Explaination: “121”, “geeks”, “21” are the valid groups 
and they will be sorted separately.

Input: str = “cba321ab” 
Output: abc123ab 

Approach: Create a vector to store the starting indices of all the valid groups in the given string. Now, traverse the string character by character and if the current character is from a different group than the previous character then push the current index to the vector. After the string has been traversed completely, sort all the individual groups of a substring of the given string using the vector updated earlier. Finally, print the modified string.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

CPP




// C++ implementation of the approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to return the modified string
string get_string(string str, int n)
{
 
    // To store the previous character
    char prev = str[0];
 
    // To store the starting indices
    // of all the groups
    vector<int> result;
 
    // Starting index of the first group
    result.push_back(0);
 
    for (int i = 1; i < n; i++) {
 
        // If the current character and the
        // previous character differ
        if (isdigit(str[i]) != isdigit(prev)) {
 
            // Push the starting index
            // of the new group
            result.push_back(i);
        }
 
        // The current character now becomes previous
        prev = str[i];
    }
 
    // Sort the first group
    sort(str.begin(), str.begin() + result[0]);
  
 
    // Sort all the remaining groups
    for (int i = 0; i < result.size() - 1; i++) {
        sort(str.begin() + result[i],
             str.begin() + result[i + 1]);
   
    }
    //cout<<str<<endl;
    // Sort the last group
    sort(str.begin() + result[result.size() - 1],
         str.end());
 
    // Return the modified string
    return str;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    string str = "121geeks21";
    int n = str.length();
 
    cout << get_string(str, n);
 
    return 0;
}

Python3




# Python 3 implementation of the approach
 
# Function to return the modified string
def get_string(st, n):
 
    # To store the previous character
    prev = st[0]
 
    # To store the starting indices
    # of all the groups
    result = []
 
    # Starting index of the first group
    result.append(0)
 
    for i in range(1, n):
 
        # If the current character and the
        # previous character differ
        if (st[i].isdigit() != prev.isdigit()):
 
            # Push the starting index
            # of the new group
            result.append(i)
 
        # The current character now becomes previous
        prev = st[i]
 
    # Sort the first group
    st = list(st)
    st[:result[0]].sort()
    p = st.copy()
 
    # Sort all the remaining groups
    for i in range(len(result)-1):
        p[result[i]:result[i+1]] = sorted(st[result[i]:result[i+1]])
 
    # print(''.join(st))
 
    # Sort the last group
    p[len(p)-2:] = sorted(st[result[-1]:])
 
    # Return the modified string
    return ''.join(p)
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__":
 
    st = "121geeks21"
    n = len(st)
 
    print(get_string(st, n))
 
    # This code is contributed by ukasp.

Output

112eegks12

Time complexity: O(n*nlogn)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)


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