# Sort elements by modulo with K

• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 19 Dec, 2022

Given an array, arr[] of integers and an integer K. The task is to sort the elements of the given array in the increasing order of their modulo with K. If two numbers have the same remainder then the smaller number should come first.

Examples

Input: arr[] = {10, 3, 2, 6, 12}, K = 4
Output: 12 2 6 10 3
{12, 2, 6, 10, 3} is the required sorted order as the modulo
of these elements with K = 4 is {0, 2, 2, 2, 3}.

Input: arr[] = {3, 4, 5, 10, 11, 1}, K = 3
Output: 3 1 4 10 5 11

Approach:

• Create K empty vectors.
• Traverse the array from left to right and update the vectors such that the ith vector contains the elements that give i as the remainder when divided by K.
• Sort all the vectors separately as all the elements that give the same modulo value with K have to be sorted in ascending.
• Now, starting from the first vector to the last vector and going from left to right in the vectors will give the elements in the required sorted order.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ implementation of the approach``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// Utility function to print the``// contents of an array``void` `printArr(``int` `arr[], ``int` `n)``{``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++)``        ``cout << arr[i] << ``" "``;``}` `// Function to sort the array elements``// based on their modulo with K``void` `sortWithRemainder(``int` `arr[], ``int` `n, ``int` `k)``{` `    ``// Create K empty vectors``    ``vector<``int``> v[k];` `    ``// Update the vectors such that v[i]``    ``// will contain all the elements``    ``// that give remainder as i``    ``// when divided by k``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++) {``        ``v[arr[i] % k].push_back(arr[i]);``    ``}` `    ``// Sorting all the vectors separately``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < k; i++)``        ``sort(v[i].begin(), v[i].end());` `    ``// Replacing the elements in arr[] with``    ``// the required modulo sorted elements``    ``int` `j = 0;``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < k; i++) {` `        ``// Add all the elements of the``        ``// current vector to the array``        ``for` `(vector<``int``>::iterator it = v[i].begin();``            ``it != v[i].end(); it++) {` `            ``arr[j] = *it;``            ``j++;``        ``}``    ``}` `    ``// Print the sorted array``    ``printArr(arr, n);``}` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `arr[] = { 10, 7, 2, 6, 12, 3, 33, 46 };``    ``int` `n = ``sizeof``(arr) / ``sizeof``(arr[0]);``    ``int` `k = 4;` `    ``sortWithRemainder(arr, n, k);` `    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java implementation of the approach``import` `java.util.*;` `class` `GFG{` `// Utility function to print the``// contents of an array``static` `void` `printArr(``int``[] arr, ``int` `n)``{``    ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < n; i++)``        ``System.out.print(arr[i] + ``" "``);``}` `// Function to sort the array elements``// based on their modulo with K``static` `void` `sortWithRemainder(``int``[] arr,``                              ``int` `n, ``int` `k)``{``    ` `    ``// Create K empty vectors``    ``ArrayList<``    ``ArrayList> v = ``new` `ArrayList<``                                ``ArrayList>(k);` `    ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < k; i++)``        ``v.add(``new` `ArrayList());``        ` `    ``// Update the vectors such that v[i]``    ``// will contain all the elements``    ``// that give remainder as i``    ``// when divided by k``    ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < n; i++)``    ``{``        ``int` `t = arr[i] % k;``        ``v.get(t).add(arr[i]);``    ``}` `    ``// Sorting all the vectors separately``    ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < k; i++)``    ``{``        ``Collections.sort(v.get(i));``    ``}` `    ``// Replacing the elements in``    ``// arr[] with the required``    ``// modulo sorted elements``    ``int` `j = ``0``;``    ` `    ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < k; i++)``    ``{``        ` `        ``// Add all the elements of the``        ``// current vector to the array``        ``for``(``int` `x : v.get(i))``        ``{``            ``arr[j] = x;``            ``j++;``        ``}``    ``}` `    ``// Print the sorted array``    ``printArr(arr, n);``}` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``{``    ``int``[] arr = { ``10``, ``7``, ``2``, ``6``,``                  ``12``, ``3``, ``33``, ``46` `};``    ``int` `n = arr.length;``    ``int` `k = ``4``;``    ` `    ``sortWithRemainder(arr, n, k);``}``}` `// This code is contributed by grand_master`

## Python3

 `# Python3 implementation of the approach`` ` `# Utility function to print``# contents of an array``def` `printArr(arr, n):``    ` `    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(n):``        ``print``(arr[i], end ``=` `' '``)` `# Function to sort the array elements``# based on their modulo with K``def` `sortWithRemainder(arr, n, k):`` ` `    ``# Create K empty vectors``    ``v ``=` `[[] ``for` `i ``in` `range``(k)]`` ` `    ``# Update the vectors such that v[i]``    ``# will contain all the elements``    ``# that give remainder as i``    ``# when divided by k``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(n):``        ``v[arr[i] ``%` `k].append(arr[i])``        ` `    ``# Sorting all the vectors separately``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(k):``        ``v[i].sort()``        ` `    ``# Replacing the elements in arr[] with``    ``# the required modulo sorted elements``    ``j ``=` `0``    ` `    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(k):`` ` `        ``# Add all the elements of the``        ``# current vector to the array``        ``for` `it ``in` `v[i]:``            ``arr[j] ``=` `it``            ``j ``+``=` `1``        ` `    ``# Print the sorted array``    ``printArr(arr, n)` `# Driver code``if` `__name__``=``=``'__main__'``:` `    ``arr ``=` `[ ``10``, ``7``, ``2``, ``6``, ``12``, ``3``, ``33``, ``46` `]``    ``n ``=` `len``(arr)``    ``k ``=` `4`` ` `    ``sortWithRemainder(arr, n, k)`` ` `# This code is contributed by pratham76`

## C#

 `// C# implementation of the``// above approach``using` `System;``using` `System.Collections;``class` `GFG{``  ` `// Utility function to print the``// contents of an array``static` `void` `printArr(``int` `[]arr,``                     ``int` `n)``{``  ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++)``    ``Console.Write(arr[i] + ``" "``);``}`` ` `// Function to sort the array elements``// based on their modulo with K``static` `void` `sortWithRemainder(``int` `[]arr,``                              ``int` `n, ``int` `k)``{``  ``// Create K empty vectors``  ``ArrayList []v = ``new` `ArrayList[k];` `  ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < k; i++)``  ``{``    ``v[i] = ``new` `ArrayList();``  ``}` `  ``// Update the vectors such that v[i]``  ``// will contain all the elements``  ``// that give remainder as i``  ``// when divided by k``  ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++)``  ``{``    ``v[arr[i] % k].Add(arr[i]);``  ``}` `  ``// Sorting all the vectors separately``  ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < k; i++)``  ``{``    ``v[i].Sort();``  ``}` `  ``// Replacing the elements in``  ``// arr[] with the required``  ``// modulo sorted elements``  ``int` `j = 0;``  ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < k; i++)``  ``{``    ``// Add all the elements of the``    ``// current vector to the array``    ``foreach``(``int` `x ``in` `v[i])``    ``{``      ``arr[j] = x;``      ``j++;``    ``}``  ``}` `  ``// Print the sorted array``  ``printArr(arr, n);``}` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `Main(``string``[] args)``{``  ``int` `[]arr = {10, 7, 2, 6,``               ``12, 3, 33, 46};``  ``int` `n = arr.Length;``  ``int` `k = 4;``  ``sortWithRemainder(arr, n, k);``}``}` `// This code is contributed by rutvik_56`

## Javascript

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Output

`12 33 2 6 10 46 3 7 `

Time Complexity: O(nlogn)
Auxiliary Space: O(k), where k is a given integer.

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