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Sort and separate odd and even numbers in an Array using custom comparator

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 12 Jan, 2022

Given an array arr[], containing N elements, the task is to sort and separate odd and even numbers in an Array using a custom comparator.

Example:

Input: arr[] = { 5, 3, 2, 8, 7, 4, 6, 9, 1 }
Output: 2 4 6 8 1 3 5 7 9 

Input: arr[] = { 12, 15, 6, 2, 7, 13, 9, 4 }
Output: 2 4 6 12 7 9 13 15 

 

Approach: As we know std::sort() is used for sorting in increasing order but we can manipulate sort() using a custom comparator to some specific sorting.
Now, to separate them, the property that can be used is that the last bit of an even number is 0 and in an odd number, it is 1. So, make the custom comparator to sort the elements based on the last bit of that number.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Creating custom comparator
bool compare(int a, int b)
{
 
    // If both are odd or even
    // then sorting in increasing order
    if ((a & 1) == (b & 1)) {
        return a < b;
    }
 
    // Sorting on the basis of last bit if
    // if one is odd and the other one is even
    return (a & 1) < (b & 1);
}
 
// Function to
void separateOddEven(int* arr, int N)
{
    // Separating them using sort comparator
    sort(arr, arr + N, compare);
 
    for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i) {
        cout << arr[i] << ' ';
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 12, 15, 6, 2, 7, 13, 9, 4 };
    int N = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(int);
    separateOddEven(arr, N);
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG{
 
// Creating custom comparator
static boolean comparecust(Integer a, Integer b)
{
 
    // If both are odd or even
    // then sorting in increasing order
    if ((a & 1) == (b & 1)) {
        return a < b;
    }
 
    // Sorting on the basis of last bit if
    // if one is odd and the other one is even
    return (a & 1) < (b & 1);
}
 
// Function to
static void separateOddEven(Integer []arr, int N)
{
    // Separating them using sort comparator
    Arrays.sort(arr, new Comparator<Integer>() {
 
        @Override
        public int compare(Integer a, Integer b) {
            // If both are odd or even
            // then sorting in increasing order
            if ((a & 1) == (b & 1)) {
                return a < b?-1:1;
            }
 
            // Sorting on the basis of last bit if
            // if one is odd and the other one is even
            return ((a & 1) < (b & 1))?-1:1;
        }
         
    });
 
    for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i) {
        System.out.print(arr[i] +" ");
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    Integer arr[] = { 12, 15, 6, 2, 7, 13, 9, 4 };
    int N = arr.length;
    separateOddEven(arr, N);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
using System.Collections;
 
class compare : IComparer
{
     
    // Call CaseInsensitiveComparer.Compare
    public int Compare(Object x, Object y)
    {
        int a = (int)x;
        int b = (int)y;
         
        // If both are odd or even
        // then sorting in increasing order
        if ((a & 1) == (b & 1))
        {
            return a < b ? -1 : 1;
        }
 
        // Sorting on the basis of last bit if
        // if one is odd and the other one is even
        return ((a & 1) < (b & 1)) ? -1 : 1;
    }
}
 
class GFG{
 
// Function to
static void separateOddEven(int []arr, int N)
{
     
    // Separating them using sort comparator
    // Instantiate the IComparer object
    IComparer cmp = new compare();
    Array.Sort(arr, cmp);
 
    for(int i = 0; i < N; ++i)
    {
        Console.Write(arr[i] + " ");
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void Main(String[] args)
{
    int []arr = { 12, 15, 6, 2, 7, 13, 9, 4 };
    int N = arr.Length;
     
    separateOddEven(arr, N);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by shikhasingrajput

Javascript




<script>
// Javascript program for the above approach
 
// Creating custom comparator
function compare(a, b)
{
 
    // If both are odd or even
    // then sorting in increasing order
    if ((a & 1) == (b & 1)) {
        return a > b;
    }
 
    // Sorting on the basis of last bit if
    // if one is odd and the other one is even
    return (a & 1) > (b & 1);
}
 
// Function to
function separateOddEven(arr, N)
{
    // Separating them using sort comparator
    arr.sort(compare);
 
    for (let i = 0; i < N; ++i) {
        document.write(arr[i] + " ");
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
let arr = [ 12, 15, 6, 2, 7, 13, 9, 4 ];
let N = arr.length;
separateOddEven(arr, N);
 
// This code is contributed by Samim Hossain Mondal.
</script>
Output
2 4 6 12 7 9 13 15 

Time Complexity: O(N*log N)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

 


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