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Software Framework vs Library

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Many of us will be unaware of this difference which is really important to understand during development. The possible answer to this question, if asked, will be “Framework is a collection of various libraries”. However, this definition is not entirely true. “Who calls whom” i.e. the caller/callee relationship defines the difference between the two terms. It is our code which calls the library code while in framework, it is framework’s code which calls our code. Let’s see how. 


A library provides a set of helper functions/objects/modules which your application code calls for specific functionality. Libraries typically focus on a narrow scope (e.g., strings, IO, sockets), so their API’s also tend to be smaller and require fewer dependencies. It is just a collection of class definitions. Why we need them? The reason being very simple i.e. code reuse, use the code which has already been written by other developers. Example, some library has a method named findLastIndex(char) to find the last index of a particular character in a string. We can straightaway call findLastIndex(charToFind) function of the library and pass the characters whose position we need to find as a parameter in the function call. 


Framework, on the other hand has defined open or unimplemented functions or objects which the user writes to create a custom application. (C++/Java users will understand this as it is much like implementing an abstract function). Because a framework is itself an application, it has a wider scope and includes almost everything necessary to make a user application as per his own needs. Wikipedia makes it more clear: 

“In computer programming, a software framework is an abstraction in which software providing generic functionality can be selectively changed by additional user-written code, thus providing application-specific software” 

framework vs library

Thus, the key difference is in the “Inversion of Control”, commonly called as IoC. When we call a method from a library, we are in control. But in framework, the control is inverted i.e. the framework calls us. It defines a skeleton where the application defines its own features to fill out the skeleton. Example, in Javascript, we usually use this: 

$(document.ready(){     // this call will be done by the jquery 
// framework when document will be ready.
    function() {
        /* your code */    // our implementation inside the framework's function

While in library, we normally have its object to call its functions or we simply call them. Ex: 

str = "Geeks.ForGeeks"
var pos = str.lastIndexOf("."); // simply calling function of string library

Important Points: 

  • Library : It performs a set of  specific and well-defined operations. Examples : Network protocols, compression, image manipulation, string utilities, regular expression evaluation, math etc
  • Framework: It is known to be a skeleton where the application defines the content of the operation by filling out the skeleton. Examples of frameworks: Web application system, Plug-in manager, GUI system. The framework only defines the concept but an application further defines the functionality that is useful for end-users.
  • Inversion of control: When we call a method from a library, we are in control. But in framework, the control is inverted i.e. the framework calls us.

The below table explains the differences between Framework and Library –

S.No            Framework                        Library            
1.It comprises of lot of APIs , compilers , support programs , libraries etc.It is a collection of helper modules , classes , objects , functions , pre-written code , etc.
2.It is difficult to replace frameworks.A library is easy to be replaced with another library.
3.A framework development requires a lot of code that decrease performance and increase the load time.Building a library requires less code , so there is better performance and fast load time.
4.Including framework smoothly into an existing project is impossible.Libraries can be integrated easily into existing projects to add some specific functionality.
5.Its example are AngularJS , Spring , NodeJS , etc.Its example are JQuery , React JS , etc. 

This article is contributed by Ekta Goel. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using or mail your article to See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks. 

Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.

Last Updated : 19 Sep, 2023
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